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compacted graphite iron

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the composition and morphology of compacted graphite (CG) iron relative to that of gray and ductile iron. It explains that the graphite in CG iron is intermediate in shape between the spheroidal graphite found in ductile iron and the flake graphite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., V, Cr, Sn, Mo, and Mn) promote the formation of cementite. This chapter examines the relative potencies of these alloys and their effect on microstructure. It covers the five most common commercial cast irons, including white, gray, ductile, malleable, and compacted graphite, describing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... discusses composition, microstructure, heat treatments, and the classification and casting characteristics of white, gray, ductile, malleable, compacted graphite, and special cast irons. chemical composition compacted graphite cast iron ductile cast iron gray cast iron heat treatment malleable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., and examines the growth mechanisms and structural details that set them apart. It also discusses the formation of compacted (vermicular) graphite and malleable iron, and compares and contrasts the composition, properties, and heat treatment of whiteheart and blackheart malleable types. chilled cast iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... names associated with a mechanical property, such as malleable iron and ductile iron . More recently, compacted graphite iron and austempered ductile iron have been introduced. This section examines each of these cast irons. Gray Iron White Iron Malleable Iron Ductile Iron Compacted...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... will be initially stable as a metal carbide (white cast iron) or would prefer to exist as graphite in flake form (gray cast iron), in spheroidal form (ductile cast iron), as a mixture of spheroidal and vermicular graphite shapes (compacted graphite iron), or as metal carbide temporarily and later forming nodules...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Solid-state reduction of iron ore and atomization of molten iron are the most common methods of producing iron powders for structural parts. The powder thus produced should be favorable for compaction such that: It fills the die cavity repeatably, which is measured in terms of the apparent density...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... , p 508 – 521 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005937 • Heat Treatment of Malleable and Compacted-Graphite Irons , Heat Treating of Irons and Steels , Vol 4D , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2014 , p 522 – 526 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005969 • Heat Treating of High-Alloy White Cast Irons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... be used to determine the shape of graphite particles in cast iron. Eddy current and other closely related electromagnetic methods are used to sort castings for variations in composition, surface hardness, and structure. Infrared thermography (thermal inspection) has also occasionally been proposed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... Relations of Powder Characteristics to the Elastic Modulus and Shrinkage of Sintered Ferrous Compacts , J. Iron Steel Inst. (U.K.) , Vol 168 , 1951 , p 346 – 358 8.1 Fundamental Relationships 8.2 Powder Metallurgy Magnetic Materials 8.3 Physical Properties 8.2.1 Effect of Density...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... to differences in particle size, shape, density, surface roughness, and other properties, exhibit different flow rates. The most widely used P/M compacting grade powders are mixtures of iron with graphite, copper, nickel, and/or molybdenum. The preferred use of powder mixtures rather than of prealloyed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
.... , Sintering High Strength Injection Molded Stainless Steel Compacts , Recent Progress in Iron Powder Metallurgy , Watanabe R. and Ogura K. , Ed., School of Engineering, Tohoku University , Sendai, Japan , 1999 , p 47 – 57 • Miyamoto K. , Inamura S. , Takahashi Y...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...-64 + TiC) 1034 150 965 140 3 130 19.3 42 (a) PM, powder metallurgy; MMC, metal-matrix composite. Data courtesy of Dynamet Technology, Inc. Room-temperature tensile properties of a hydrogenated titanium compact (after dehydrogenation) Table 8.8 Room-temperature tensile...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... measurements The characterization of green compacts by ultrasonic techniques appears to be hindered by problems of extreme attenuation of the incident signal. In one case, signals of 1 to 20 MHz were transmitted through an 8 mm (0.3 in.) thick compact of atomized iron with 0.2% graphite added. Attenuation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... enable a wide spectrum of materials to be extruded. This chapter focuses on the processes involved in the extrusion of semifinished products in various metals and their alloys, namely tin, lead, lead-base soft solders, tin-base soft solders, zinc, magnesium, aluminum, copper, titanium, zirconium, iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... respond to flame hardening? What steps are involved in making a part from cast iron? What makes cast iron different from steel? How machinable are cast irons? Are cast irons corrosion resistant? What is compacted graphite cast iron? Sand: large, low production Permanent mold...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
.... Chromium oxide is reduced by carbon monoxide when the partial pressure is a few hundred parts per million. Additives are used to manipulate sintering. For 17-4 PH stainless steel, the additives include molybdenum, graphite, boron, silicon, iron boride, and nickel boride. Molybdenum improves strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... was covered with BeO to prevent volatization of the beryllium during sintering. The graphite mold was induction heated in vacuum for the sintering operation, and it was observed that good shape retention of the compact was obtained despite high linear shrinkage. The effects of temperature and time...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
.... In semiconductor processing, in which the susceptor must be acid etched occasionally to remove secondary materials, the graphite is protected by a silicon carbide coating. In some operations, such as sintering of iron-base PM products, in which carbon can contaminate the workpiece, molybdenum is a common...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... cast iron Grade Matrix Tensile strength/yield strength/elongation ASTM No. Ferritic malleable Ferrite 53-35-18 35018 Pearlitic malleable Pearlite+ferrite 65-45-10 45010 A relatively new form of cast iron, called compact graphite cast iron, has been developed in the past...