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commercially pure zinc

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... and wrought magnesium alloys. It also discusses the nominal compositions, properties, and applications of commercially pure zinc, zinc casting alloys, and wrought zinc alloys. magnesium zinc corrosion mechanical properties heat treatment fabrication corrosion protection magnesium casting alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... and is neutral at others. As such, the maximum limit for cadmium is set at 0.004%. Tin, like lead, can promote subsurface network corrosion, and therefore is also restricted to the maximum safe limit of 0.003%. In addition to pure zinc, there are seven commercial rolled zinc alloys (see Table 4...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...), and a melting point of 1083 °C (1981 °F). The electrical conductivity of commercially pure copper is approximately 101% IACS (International Annealed Copper Standard), second only to that of commercially pure silver (~103% IACS). The IACS, which was established in 1913, specified that an annealed copper wire 1 m...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article discusses the composition, properties, and behaviors of copper and its alloys. It begins with an overview of the characteristics, applications, and commercial grades of wrought and cast copper. It then discusses the role of alloying, explaining how zinc, tin, aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... Titanium (Ti) is another low-density element (approximately 60% of the density of steel) that can be readily strengthened by alloying and deformation processing. Like steel, it is allotropic. Titanium exists in two crystallographic forms. At room temperature, unalloyed (commercially pure) titanium has...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... of the drawing machine, in which the entire drawing process takes place. Soft solder usually recrystallizes at room temperature following work hardening. Therefore, intermediate annealing is not needed to achieve the soft, i.e., recrystallized material, state required for further cold working. Pure zinc...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... is rarely used for engineering applications without being alloyed with other metals. The vast majority of the alloy systems currently being commercially produced contain aluminum, manganese, zinc, zirconium, rare earths, and silver in order to obtain the strong, light weight alloys needed for structural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... and a copper-zinc alloy is presented in Fig. 2 . Several facts are evident: The copper-zinc alloy work hardens to a higher degree than pure copper. The effects of annealing are evident at a much lower temperature for pure copper compared with its companion alloy. Time at temperature has far less...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... The mechanical and physical properties of the localized ordered solid solution are similar to those of the primary solid solution. Solid-solution strengthening is used for hardening many commercial metals, such as nickel-base superalloys, stainless steels, and brasses. Up to 35 atomic weight percent of zinc...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... 2xxx series wrought aluminum copper 16–24 8.9–13 Zinc copper titanium alloys 16–24 9.1–13 6xxx series wrought aluminum magnesium silicon 20 11 Pure Strontium (Sr) 20–21 11–12 Cast brass 18–24 10–13 1xx.x series commercially pure cast aluminum 20–22 11–12 4xx.x series cast...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter describes the physical characteristics, properties, and behaviors of solid solutions under equilibrium conditions. It begins with a review of a single-component pure metal system and its unary phase diagram. It then examines the solid solution formed by copper and nickel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... Very pure aluminum—like copper, gold, and silver—is too soft to be of much value as a structural material. However, commercially pure aluminum and aluminum alloyed with copper, silicon, magnesium, zinc, and other metals, have many industrial applications and are second to steel in volume of material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... alloys can be cold worked to different hardnesses, but even the cold worked products usually have hardnesses below 20 HRC. Pure coppers have good ductility (up to 50% elongation) as do some brasses, monels, and some copper-nickel-zinc alloys. Some of the bronzes and other alloys in cast form have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... composition, designation, and grade of nearly two dozen commercial titanium alloys and the different types of media (including oxidizers, organic compounds, hot salt, and liquid metal) in which SCC has been observed. It discusses the mechanical and metallurgical factors that influence SCC behavior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of alloying elements such as manganese or zinc, to obtain good corrosion resistance. These limits are stated in Table 5 for die-cast products. Fig. 3 Effect of iron content on the corrosion rate of commercially pure magnesium subjected to alternate immersion in 3% NaCl. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 4...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... it can be used in desalinization plants and many chemical processes. There are many titanium alloys, though 95% of all uses involve just two alloys: commercially pure Ti (3 grades) and Ti6Al4V, an alloy of 6% aluminum and 4% vanadium. The pure grades are used when a shape must be formed (as in tubing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...-structure applications. The elements that are most commonly present in commercial alloys to provide increased strength—particularly when coupled with strain hardening by cold working or with heat treatment, or both—are copper, magnesium, manganese, silicon, and zinc ( Fig. 6 ). These elements all have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... be provided, and the properties that it must possess in order to be used effectively in the intended application. Practically all of the commercially available alloys produced today are manufactured using melting and solidification techniques that have been refined over time to produce an acceptable level...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... is a result of a combination of solid-solution strengthening, work hardening, second-phase constituents, and smaller submicron particles (typically 0.05 to 0.5 μm) called “dispersoids” that retard grain growth. The alloys normally hardened by work or strain hardening include the commercially pure aluminums (1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... of the continuous cast microstructure of aluminum and copper alloys. The discussion provides information on billet and grain segregation and defects in continuous casting. The chapter then discusses the processes involved in the deformation of pure metals and alloys at room temperature. Next, it describes...