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commercial aircraft

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Published: 01 May 2018
FIG. 8.12 The Ford Trimotor was the first commercial aircraft built in the United States with 17S, a high strength aluminum alloy. Source: www.goldenwingsmuseum.com . More
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Published: 01 October 2012
Fig. 1.3 Aluminum alloys used for commercial aircraft. (a) 2 xxx alloys for fuselage. (b) 7 xxx alloys for wings. Source: Ref 1.1 More
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Published: 01 December 2000
Fig. 2.7 Titanium usage in Boeing aircraft from the first commercial jet to the Boeing 757 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
.... It then describes the types of damage observed in engine components and the methods used to mitigate problems. It also discusses the results of analyses that led to changes in design or approach and examines fatigue-related issues in turbine engines used in commercial aircraft. aeronautical gas turbine...
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 8.11 Aircraft parts. (a) Small propeller hub produced by Anchor Harvey. (b) Large-press structural parts for commercial aircraft More
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Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 9.18 Transient-liquid-phase-bonded low-pressure turbine vane castings for commercial aircraft gas turbine engine More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 11.8 (a and b) Repair of a B-1 bomber nonstructural component. (a) Skin panel for wear at fastener holes. (b) External doubler repair. Source: Ref 11.14 . (c) Repair of an aluminum component in a commercial aircraft by the low-pressure cold spray system to protect against corrosion More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
.... 11.1b ). Jet airliners were introduced in the 1950s. Today, the popular Boeing 737 commercial aircraft is approximately 75% aluminum by weight ( Ref 11.1 ). Aluminum aviation milestones Table 11.1 Aluminum aviation milestones Year Milestone Locations 1903 Wright brothers’ first...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... has been steady growth. Early Applications The first commercial applications of titanium were jet engine parts for the J-57 engine produced by Pratt & Whitney Aircraft (P&WA) for the B-52 bomber. Titanium replaced steel parts whose weight prevented the engine (and therefore the aircraft...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Harrier vertical takeoff and landing jet contained 28% composites in its airframe. These early successes with composites helped Boeing and Airbus succeed in incorporating advanced composites on commercial aircraft. In 2011, the first Boeing Dreamliner with a 50% composite airframe was introduced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... commercial all-metal passenger aircraft in the United States, the Ford Trimotor ( FIG. 8.12 ). About 200 Ford Trimotor planes were built in the late 1920s and early 1930s, but production ceased as the Great Depression deepened and the aircraft design, which carried 10 to 12 passengers, became obsolete...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... superalloys were touted as a great leap forward but were not successful in achieving commercial development. Oxide-dispersion-strengthened (ODS) superalloys, on the other hand, have achieved a very limited use in aircraft gas turbines. A problem for the ODS superalloys is manufacturing complexities...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... titanium landing gear beam for Boeing 757 aircraft Titanium has the ability to passivate and thereby exhibit a high degree of immunity against attack by most mineral acids and chlorides. Pure titanium is nontoxic; commercially pure titanium and some titanium alloys generally are biologically...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
.... 9.9 ). Each of the 100 planes built required 100 tons of titanium. FIG. 9.9 The B-1 Lancer bomber was built to withstand speeds of 2000 mph. The heat generated required titanium alloys, mainly Ti-6Al-4V. The most recent commercial aircraft designs use substantial amounts of titanium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... of the largest forgings ever commercially produced. The use of forgings in aerospace applications is described in more detail in Chapter 11, “Aluminum in Aircraft and Space Applications” in this book. Fig. 8.11 Aircraft parts. (a) Small propeller hub produced by Anchor Harvey. (b) Large-press structural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... at the atomic level. Brittle fracture has also plagued the aviation industry. In the 1950s, several Comets, the first commercial jet aircraft, produced in Britain, mysteriously exploded while in level flight. The cause was eventually traced to a design defect in which high stresses around the sharp corners...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
...) hydraulic tubing. Fig. 9.26 Application of commercially pure titanium on 9.5 mm (0.4 in.) Haynes AMS 4944 (Ti-3Al-2.5V) hydraulic tubing. Courtesy of South Dakota School of Mines and Technology A section of tubing with the CP-Ti deposit that was installed on an aircraft is shown in Fig. 9.27...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Franklin St. Hanson, MA 02341-1506 Tel: 800-225-0304 Fax: 781-293-3753 All forms of titanium for commercial and aircraft applications Rickard Specialty Metals & Engineeering Inc. 1707 S. Grove Ave. Ontario, CA 91761 Tel: 800-966-4922 Fax: 909-947-4909 Suppliers of titanium forgings, sheet, plate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... commercial and military aircraft. The corrosion resistance of composites can result in major savings in supportability costs. Carbon fiber composites cause galvanic corrosion of aluminum if the fibers are placed in direct contact with the metal surface, but bonding a glass fabric electrical insulation layer...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... housings, ordnance, and other parts for military aircraft and missiles; and in gas turbine engines and brake components for commercial passenger aircraft. Additional aerospace applications include rotor hubs for helicopters and flap tracks for fighters. In the chemical-process industry, components...