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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... bottles and tubular parts that have been developed as standard test specimens for combined load testing of composites. component testing filament winding laminated composite materials mechanical testing test specimens References 8.1 Peters S.T...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... Important tensile properties that can be determined by the tensile test include yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, ductility, resilience, and toughness. The chapter describes the effects of stress concentrations on ductile metals under cyclic loads. Other topics covered include combined stresses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... are often used in applications such as pressure vessels where the loading is almost totally in longitudinal tension. Although composites with carbon fibers have now supplanted aramid composites as having the highest specific strengths, aramids still offer combinations of properties not available with any...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... the procedure given in ASTM D 3410. Fig. 13.5 IITRI compression test The most recent test procedure is the combined loading compression (CLC) test ( Fig. 13.6 ), which is covered in ASTM D 6641. It is called a combined loading test since part of the load is introduced in shear and part through...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... components operate under multiaxial stress conditions. It is often helpful to convert data derived under one state of stress to another state of stress. This can be accomplished by use of the so-called tensile equivalent stresses and strains. When a structural piece is subjected to a set of combined loads...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... winding saves weight by tailoring the winding patterns to carry the loads. This is particularly advantageous in closed-end pressure vessels where the longitudinal loads are only half that of the hoop loads. Structures made of isotropic materials are less efficient because the longitudinal stresses use...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.9781627083386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... as absolute values. For example, a part may be required to have a certain stiffness—maximum deflection for a given loading condition. The part geometry (design) and the material stiffness combine to produce the part stiffness. Thus, it is impossible to select a material without some knowledge of the part...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... or by calculating the combined density of the composite binder based on the binder weight fractions and the density of the binder components. There are also conditions where multiple powders are used. As plotted in Fig. 5.7 , the critical solids loading corresponds to the peak in density, which is the same...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., thermal activation enables plastic deformation at stresses below those needed to deform the lattice without thermal activation. When a metal is placed under a constant load, it stretches elastically but also gradually extends plastically. Thus, a metal subjected to a constant tensile load at elevated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... are involved. IROM cannot be applied in such a case, because of nonlinearity in wear load relation. Hence, another model, known as the linear rule of mixtures (LROM) (Eq 2), was developed ( Ref 15 ) and is suitable for composites containing a combination of similar phases: (Eq 2) W = ∑ V i W...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... and this leads to higher loads on dies and tools, resulting in die wear and tool failure. In general, AHSS parts are designed with minimum draw depth and reduced stretch to avoid splits. Also, gentle shape transitions are used to avoid wrinkles and large radii are specified to facilitate metal flow...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... sections. The intermediate table is a movable slat conveyor. The length depends on the maximum commercial lengths. A shear or saw (or both in combination) for cutting the hot continuous extrusions is linked to the movable slat conveyor and can be positioned according to the commercial length. The slats...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... with a tensile strength of 917 MPa (133 ksi) showed that: Decarburized layer, in. Fatigue limit at 10 7 cycles, ksi None 40 0.001 27 0.002 25 The weakest point of an axially loaded standard bolt and nut combination in fatigue is normally in the bolt threads at approximately one...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., are subjected to forces or loads. In order that excessive deformation or failure does not occur, it is important to know what effects these loads have on the part. The mechanical behavior of a material reflects the relationship between its response or deformation to an applied load or force. Important...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
..., most engineering materials exhibit some kind of mixed deformation behavior that is either a combination of the Hooke solid and the St. Venant solid, or the Hooke solid and the Newtonian liquid. Chapter 1 also introduced stress analysis, which is a basic step in determining design allowable loads...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... lifetime and failure. It begins with a review of the ductile-to-brittle transition behavior of steel and the different ways to measure transition temperature. It then explains how to predict fracture loads using linear-elastic fracture mechanics and how toughness is affected by temperature and strain rate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... is the result of the combined and synergistic interaction of mechanical stress and corrosion reactions. This is a simple definition of a complex subject, and, like most simplifications, it fails to identify the boundaries of the subject. As a result, before this problem can be discussed in detail, one must...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
.... , “ Fracture Mechanics Technology for Combined Loadings and Low-to-Intermediate Strength Metals ,” Technical Report 10276 (Final), TACOM (Vehicular Components and Materials Laboratory, U.S. Army, Tank Automotive Command) , Nov 1968 Selected References • Barsom J.M. and Rolfe S.T...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... the structure’s global and local geometries, including crack morphology and loading condition. Stress-intensity factors for generic geometries in combination with loading types have been compiled in several handbooks ( Ref 5.1 – 5.5 ). Stress-intensity factors for configurations commonly used for materials...