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cold-work tool steels

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...Abstract Abstract The possible classification for tool steels is their division into four groups according to their final application: hot-worked, cold-worked, plastic mold, and high-speed tool steels. This chapter mainly follows such division by application, but the grade nomenclatures used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract There is a fairly wide variety of different tool steels for different applications. The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) classification of tool steels includes seven major categories: water-hardening tool steels, shock-resisting tool steels, cold work tool steels, hot...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... high-speed, water-hardening, shock-resistant, and hot and cold work tool steels. It discusses the influence of alloy design on the evolution of microstructure and properties during solidification, heat treating, and hardening operations. It also describes critical phase transformations and the effects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... (a) … … … … … … … … Shock-resisting tool steels S1 T41901 0.50 … … 1.50 … 2.50 … … … S5 T41905 0.55 0.80 2.00 … … … 0.40 … … Oil-hardening cold-work tool steels O1 T31501 0.90 1.00 … 0.50 … 0.50 … … … O2 T31502 0.90 1.60 … … … … … … … Air-hardening medium-alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on the failure aspects of tool steels. The discussion covers the classification, chemical composition, main characteristics, and several failures of tool steels and their relation to heat treatment. The tool steels covered are hot work, cold work, plastic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of tool steels, discussing their composition, properties, and behaviors. It covers all types and classes of wrought and powder metal tool steels, including high-speed steels, hot and cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, and mold steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... silicon-molybdenum cast iron 10–12 5.6–6.5 Iron carbon alloys 9.3–12 5.2–6.9 Pure Terbium (Tb) 9.8–13 5.4–6.9 Cobalt chromium nickel tungsten 10–12 5.8–6.7 High-carbon high-chromium cold work tool steel 11 6.2 Tungsten high-speed tool steel 8.5–14 4.7–7.8 Commercially pure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... and freedom from cracking during heat treatment than was otherwise possible at the time of their development. 11.2.1 Tool Steel Properties 11.2.2 Grade Classifications 11.2.3 Effects of Alloying Elements Wrought Hot Work Tool Steels Wrought Cold Work Tool Steels Other Nonmachining Wrought...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...</xref>] Table 21.1 AISI classification and composition of tool steels [ Krauss et al., 1998 ] Group Identifying symbol Water-hardening tool steels W Shock-resisting tool steels S Oil-hardening cool work tool steels O Air-hardening, medium-alloy cold work tool steel A High-carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... , p 205 10.1016/S0007-8506(07)62929-1 16.31 “A2 Cold Work Steel Data Sheet,” Uddeholm North America , 2000 16.32 “D2 Cold Work Steel Data Sheet,” Uddeholm North America , 2000 16.33 Heat Treatment of Tool Steel , 8th ed. , Uddeholm , 2008 16.34 “AISI S7 Data Sheet...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... sandpaper) results on the hardest alloy steel (52100 at 60 HRC); a typical cold-worked tool steel, D2 at 60 HRC; and a 1020 steel reference at 95 HRB. Fig. 8.11 Three-body (after ASTM G65) abrasion test results on various tool steels compared with WC/Co cemented carbide and 4340 alloy steel at 52...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... that the poor abrasion resistance of most stainless steel is due mainly to their low carbon content. Type 440C has the highest carbon content of the standard grades of stainless steel; it also contains alloy carbides such as some of the cold-worked tool steels. Nickel lies between iron and cobalt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., and 9800 series Low-carbon, chromium-containing low-alloy steels: 3300, 8600, and 9300 series Hot-working die steels containing 5% Cr: H11, H12, and H13 Air-hardenable tool steels: A2, A6, D2, D3, and S7 High-speed tool steels: M2 and M4 Nitronic stainless steels: 30, 40, 50, and 60...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.9781627083003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... stainless steel at (a) cold and warm working temperatures and (b) hot working temperatures. Source: Ref 6.3 Fig. 6.6 Microstructural variations during (a) cold working and (b) hot working At slightly higher (warm working) temperatures, the degree of strain hardening is reduced, so...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... requirements; reduce galling and seizing between surfaces of the blank and tooling; and reduce heat transfer between blank and die in hot working. Nonchlorinated organic oils are effective lubricants for cold forming. Solid additives (graphite and molybdenum disulfide) are added to the oils for hot forming...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
..., lubricants are used to minimize friction. Lubricants also reduce die wear, help in providing temperature control, and minimize high-temperature oxidation of the workpiece. Hot Working Cold Working Forging Hammers and Presses Die Design and Materials Die Steels Friction and Lubrication...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... A metal with a high work-hardening exponent but a low strength coefficient will achieve a high strength level after a large amount of deformation. Examples include coppers, brasses, and low-carbon steels that are cold worked to produce higher hardness and strength in the formed part. The value of K...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... usually are not easily forged. Especially, cold forging of austentic or austentic-ferritic steels (which work harden very strongly) require high forces and tool pressures. Furthermore, these materials are difficult to lubricate. Cold forging of stainless steel is sometimes limited due to lack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... for very complex shapes by hot forming and quenching the cold-formed parts. Fig. 7.3 Indirect method of hot stamping. Source: Ref 7.6 Temperature Transformation Curve Chemical Composition of 22MnB5 Flow-Stress Data for 22MnB5 Friction Coefficient Heat-Transfer Coefficient...