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cold rolling

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
..., including open-die and closed-die forging, hot upset and roll forging, high-energy-rate forging, ring rolling, rotary swaging, radial and orbital forging, isothermal and hot-die forging, precision forging, and cold forging. The chapter also includes information on cold and hot extrusion and drawing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... product shapes. After initial hot rolling operations, semifinished products are worked by hot rolling, cold rolling, forging, extruding, or drawing. Some steels are used in the hot rolled condition, while others are heat treated to obtain specific properties. However, the great majority of plain carbon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... materials and lubricants along with superplastic forming techniques. cutting lubricants sheet metal forming SHEET METAL forming processes usually employ hot or cold rolled sheet or strip material that is normally cold formed into the desired shape. Deformation is primarily by tension or...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... provides stress relief, makes the steel easier to form, and is applied to low-carbon cold rolled sheet steels to restore ductility. The temperatures used range from 550 to 650 °C (1020 to 1200 °F). Slow cooling is not essential for process annealing, because any cooling rate from temperatures below A 1...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... powders. Source: Ref 4 One processing method of increasing the green strength is cold isostatic pressing (CIP). Cold isostatic pressing is a technique in which high pressure is applied to metal powder in a sealed elastomer container shaped for the application. Compaction is performed at ambient...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... of the water rinse may be hot, warm, or cold, but regardless of the temperature, the solution should be kept clean. Warm water is usually the best for rinsing. Cold rinses are less efficient than warm rinses, while hot rinses may promote the rapid formation of an oxide film commonly known as “flash...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses various processes involved in the production of steel from raw materials to finished mill products. The processes include hot rolling, cold rolling, forging, extruding, or drawing. The chapter provides a detailed description of two main furnaces used for making...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter discusses various alloying and processing approaches to increase the strength of low-carbon steels. It describes hot-rolled low-carbon steels, cold-rolled and annealed low-carbon steels, interstitial-free or ultra-low carbon steels, high-strength, low-alloy (HSLA) steels, dual-phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... affect ferritic grain size and the distribution of cementite particles. It also discusses subsequent processing, including cold rolling and annealing, and the parameters with the greatest impact on grain size and microstructure. In addition, it describes the production of enameling irons, the benefits of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... 12.16 presents the evolution of the microstructure of an extra low carbon steel that following 90% reduction by cold rolling after hot rolling was annealed at different temperatures. Among the changes occurring during the subcritical annealings performed after cold rolling, only recrystallization can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.9781627083003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... Yes **** ** ** *** * Note: * = poor; **** = best Materials for cold forging are supplied as rolled or drawn rod or wire as well as in the form of sheared or sawed-off billets. The dimensions, weight, and surface finish of the sheared (or sawed) billet or preform must be closely...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Abstract This chapter elucidates the indispensable role of characterization in the development of cold-sprayed coatings and illustrates some of the common processes used during coatings development. Emphasis is placed on the advanced microstructural characterization techniques that are used in...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... impact, cold-sprayed coatings usually have a high hardness comparable to that of highly work-hardened bulk material, as, for example, in cold rolling treated to more than 90% thickness reduction ( Ref 2.28 ). Because of shot peening effects, cold-sprayed coatings typically show compressive stresses ( Ref...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... process must be compatible with the load, energy, time, and accuracy characteristics of a given forging machine. There are basically three types of presses: hydraulic, mechanical, and screw presses. These machines are used for hot and cold forging, cold extrusion trimming, and coining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... , Mod. Met. , Vol 46 , 1990 , p 64 – 70 10.2 Up to Date Cold Roll Forming Technology , Dreistern-Werk, Machinenbau GmbH & Co. , Germany , 1991 10.3 Halmos G.T. , Roll Forming Handbook , CRC Press , 2005 10.1201/9781420030693 10.4 Pösse O. , “Nagel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... hot. Secondary processes, which are used to produce the final product shape, are conducted either hot or cold. The chapter discusses the primary objectives, principal types, advantages, and disadvantages of both primary and secondary metalworking processes. They are rolling, forging, extrusion, sheet...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... welding, forge welding, roll welding, coextrusion welding, cold welding, friction welding, friction stir welding, explosion welding, and ultrasonic welding. coextrusion welding cold welding diffusion welding explosion welding forge welding friction welding roll welding ultrasonic welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Grease-oil combinations Wax-type lubricant Hot Colloidal graphite Stretch forming sections Cold Wax-type lubricant plus flake graphite (10:1 by volume) Stretch forming extrusions Hot Molybdenum disulfide Colloidal graphite Brake forming Cold Colloidal graphite Contour rolling...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... achievable strengths. It explains how some alloys are hardened through solution strengthening and cold working, while others are strengthened by precipitation hardening. It also describes production and fabrication processes such as melting, casting, rolling, forging, forming, extruding, heat treating, and...