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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses material-related problems associated with coal-fired burners. It explains how high temperatures affect heat-absorbing surfaces in furnace combustion areas and in the convection pass of superheaters and reheaters. It describes how low-NOx combustion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Abstract Abstract Coal-based thermal power plants play a major role in the welfare of many nations and the overall global economy. This chapter describes the basic equipment requirements and operating principles of thermal power plants, particularly subcritical, supercritical, and ultra...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides an outline of the failure modes and mechanisms associated with most boiler tube failures in coal-fired power plants. Primary categories include stress rupture failures, water-side corrosion, fire-side corrosion, fire-side erosion, fatigue, operation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... components and the associated causes. It discusses the erosive effect of blowing soot, steam, and fly ash as well as coal particle impingement and falling slag. It also includes several case studies. References References 6.38 Wagner C. , Defending Boiler Components Against Corrosive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... that occurs on the waterwall tubes of supercritical coal-fired boilers fired under low NOx combustion conditions, conducive to the production of sulfidizing environments. In the other case, stress contributes to brittle fracture in the form of intergranular cracking. The phenomenon, which is known by various...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... temperatures, hydrogen atoms can be absorbed at the surface and then diffuse into the metal. Hydrogen atoms in the metal then react with iron carbide forming methane gas which can accumulate at grain boundaries and other interfaces. The chapter describes two applications, one in coal-fired boilers, the other...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... coal in ironmaking, the life of ironmaking pioneer John Fritz, and the rapid increase in ironmaking for the railroads. anthracite coal charcoal iron ironmaking railroads Ironmaking commenced in the colonies as early as 1645 at the Saugus Iron Works in Massachusetts. This effort was never...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Bright Hub Engineering , “ How Does a Coal Power Plant Work? ,” www.brighthubengineering.com/power-plants/ 1.6 Susta M.R. and Seong K.B. , “ Supercritical and Ultra-Supercritical Power Plants—SEA’s Vision or Reality? ,” POWER-GEN ASIA 2004 , p 1 – 23 A boiler is an enclosed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Simulated Coal Gasification Atmosphere , J. Mater. Energy Syst. , Vol 7 ( No. 4 ), 1986 , p 370 10.1007/BF02833576 33. Howes M.A.H. , Elevated Temperature Erosion-Corrosion of Alloys in Sulfidizing Gas/Solid Streams: Mechanistic Studies , Proc. Conf., Corrosion-Erosion-Wear of Materials...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of a Waste Heat Boiler Case Study 28—Failure Investigation of a Reheater Tube Coal-Ash Corrosion Oil-Ash Corrosion Case Study 25—Failure Investigation of Secondary Superheater Tube Background Details Investigation and Findings Conclusions Background Details Investigation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... M. , Int. Met. Rev. , Vol 31 ( No. 5 ), 1986 , p 216 10.1179/imr.1986.31.1.216 4. Norton J.F. , Ed., High Temperature Materials Corrosion in Coal Gasification Atmospheres , Elsevier , Amsterdam , 1984 5. Barton K.J. , Hill V.L. , and Yurkewycz R...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... in significant cost savings in terms of reduced fuel costs and reduced need for added capacity. The historical developments leading to the current need for improved coal-fired power plants have been reviewed by Armor ( Ref 1 ). Two of the important parameters that have been identified and which also have major...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... , 1979 • Cooper B.R. and Ellingson W.A. , Ed., The Science and Technology of Coal and Coal Utilization , Plenum Press , 1984 10.1007/978-1-4684-4580-0 • Douglass D.L. , Ed., Oxidation of Metals and Alloys , American Society for Metals , 1971 • Evans U.R...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., refining and petrochemical, fossil-fired power generation, coal gasification, waste-to-energy industry, pulp and paper, heat treating, mineral and metallurgical processing, and others. The technical data presented in this book are pertinent to “real” materials problems related to the aforementioned...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... of the principle of the turbine-generator combination ( Ref 3 ). The fossil fuel employed in a steam turbine plant can be pulverized coal (PC), oil, or natural gas. Of these, coal is the most abundant and hence the most commonly used fuel for steam turbine plants, while gas turbine plants generally employ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... on the factors that affect cladding integrity and ends with a section on life-assessment techniques. chemical composition cladding coal-liquefaction reactors degradation hydroprocessor reactor vessels life assessment General Description In the past, concern in the petroleum industry regarding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... steam, which is then delivered to a steam turbine. A schematic illustration of a boiler is shown in Fig. 5.1 . Coal, oil, or natural gas with preheated air is burned in the furnace. The combustion gases flow up through the furnace and evaporate the water into steam inside the furnace waterwall tubes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... the world’s greatest source of coal for making excellent coke. The coal underlies vast regions of western Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Ohio, but nowhere is the quality of coal for making metallurgical coke better than the coal around Connellsville, just southeast of Pittsburgh. When the era of making iron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
..., ” J. Microsc. , vol.. 116 , pt. 3 , 1979 , pp. 295 – 310 . 10.1111/j.1365-2818.1979.tb00215.x 41. Ting F. T. C. : “ Petrographic Techniques in Coal Analysis, ” Analytical Methods for Coal and Coal Products , vol. 1 , Academic Press, Inc. , New York , 1978 , pp. 3 – 26 . 10.1016...