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closed-reactor chemical vapor deposition

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... apparatus, depending on the type of reactor and the application [ Pierson 1999 , ASM 2002 ]. Fig. 22.32 Schematic illustration of a typical chemical vapor deposition system. Source: Pierson 1999 Plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition (PACVD) may be used where properties of the substrate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Superheater tubes 2 1 4 % Cr-1% Mo steel Flue gas scrubbers NO x /SO x removal units 304 stainless steel Chemical processing Reactor vessels and tubing 304/316 stainless steel Cement Cooler grates Cast, heat resistant stainless steels (e.g., HP or HK) The vapor...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... hardening, case (surface) hardening, and nitriding as well as hard chrome plating, vapor deposition, and thermal diffusion coating. It explains how to measure wear resistance using various tests and provides guidelines for selecting tool materials, treatments, and coatings. chemical vapor deposition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
..., nitrogen, or helium through the reactant liquid. The reactors are normally heated by either resistance or induction. Graphite fixtures are used to support the preforms during the initial stages of infiltration. Vacuum pumps are used to control the process pressure. Fig. 21.16 Chemical vapor...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Many metallic components, such as retorts in heat treat furnaces, furnace heater tubes and coils in chemical and petrochemical plants, waterwalls and reheater tubes in boilers, and combustors and transition ducts in gas turbines, are subject to oxidation. This chapter explains how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... during high-temperature processing, aid in slowing oxidation during service, and provide the weak fiber-to-matrix bond required for toughness. The coatings ( Fig. 11.14 ), ranging in thickness from 0.1 to 1.0 μm, are applied directly to the fibers prior to processing, usually by chemical vapor deposition...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... by chemical reaction after application. The coatings generally are thin but fairly hard, being similar in appearance to varnish. Solvent-cutback, petroleum-base compounds are deposited as residual coatings through solvent evaporation. This class encompasses materials ranging from those that...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... economically produce ductile titanium, and it set up a series of reactors for making titanium. A Bureau publication in 1946 described a Kroll unit capable of making 7 kg (15 lb) batches of good-quality titanium powder by magnesium reduction, followed by acid leaching to remove the excess magnesium and MgCl 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... Boron was developed in the early 1960s and was initially used successfully in an epoxy matrix on the F-14 and F-15 aircraft. Boron is made as a single monofilament using chemical vapor deposition, as shown schematically in Fig. 20.16 . A 12.7 μm tungsten wire is drawn through a long glass reactor where...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... overlays, thermal spraying, and various deposition technologies. ceramic coating chemical vapor deposition cladding corrosion resistance electroless plating electroplating hot dip metallic coating physical vapor deposition thermal spraying weld overlays THE SURFACE-ENGINEERING METHODS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... A.J. , 1964 . Studies on the Vapor Pressure and Oxidation of Certain Beryllides , Compounds of Interest in Nuclear Reactor Technology , sponsored by The Metallurgical Society of AIME, at the University of Colorado , p 477 – 493 Brady M.P. , and Doychak J. , 1999 . High...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
...: corrosion-resistant service and strength-efficient structures. For these two diverse areas, selection criteria differ markedly. Corrosion applications normally use low-strength unalloyed titanium mill products fabricated into tanks, heat exchangers, or reactor vessels for chemical processing, desalination...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... particle shape Fig. 2.3 Sponge nanoscale titanium powder fabricated by hydrogen reduction of titanium tetrachloride in a plasma reactor In addition, explosions occur when suspended metal powders ignite, a problem exacerbated by small sizes. These dust explosions occur due to the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... – 190 10.1016/0920-3796(95)90125-6 • Booker J. , Paine R.M. , and Stonehouse A.J. , 1964 . Studies on the Vapor Pressure and Oxidation of Certain Beryllides , Symposium on Compounds of Interest in Nuclear Reactor Technology ( University of Colorado ), sponsored by The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... , p 583 – 586 5.78 Berge P. and Donati J.R. , Materials Requirements for Pressurized Water Reactor Steam Generator Tubing , Nucl. Technol. , Vol 55 , 1981 , p 88 – 104 10.13182/NT81-A32833 5.79 Jones R.L. , Long R.L. , and Olszewski J.S. , “ The Origin of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... crystallization. Work on molten fluoride systems was undertaken in the United States in conjunction with the development of a molten salt reactor for atomic energy purposes. In their study of potential systems, Thoma et al. [1960] observed the compounds NaF-BeF 2 -ThF 4 and NaF-BeF 2 -UF 4 . In the NaF-LiF...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... formation of the passive layer, which is relatively insoluble in the chemical environment. The most common uses for anodic protection include storage tanks, process reactors, heat exchangers, and transportation vessels. Anodic protection has been successfully employed in sulfuric acid environments to extend...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... R.E. , Bratcher LM. , White G.O. , McVay T.N. , and Harris L.A. , 1959 . Phase Diagrams of Nuclear Reactor Materials , ORNL-2548, Thoma R.B. , Ed., Oak Ridge National Lab. , p 37 Novoselova A.V. , 1934 . J. Gen. Chem. USSR , Vol 4 , p 1206 – 1210...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Fig. 10.4 . These parts can operate at low temperatures, for example, cam followers, or at elevated temperatures, such as high-temperature seals. Processing equipment includes chemical reactors and process equipment used for manufacturing a number of products. Ceramic-based components that go into...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Abstract This chapter describes the applications with the greatest impact on titanium consumption and global market trends. It explains where, how, and why titanium alloys are used in aerospace, automotive, chemical processing, medical, and military applications as well as power generating...