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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... additive manufacturing, including bound-metal deposition and fused-filament fabrication: oxidation-resistant high-temperature alloys, anisotropic structures, submicrometer-scale structures, surface hard materials, and artist metallic clays. Some of the advances discussed include the developments in process...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the composition, properties, and uses of crystalline ceramics, glasses, clay, and concrete mixes. It also discusses the carbon structure of diamond, graphite, fullerenes, and nanotubes. amorphous carbon clay concrete mixes crystalline ceramics diamond...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... is made from pulp consisting of ground up wood in water. Often chemicals are added to help decompose the wood. The pulp is heated to soften the fibers. Some clay or cloth may be added. Clay is used to produce shiny paper used in magazines. Newsprint and cardboard contain no clay. Water is removed by...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... (ASTM International) of ceramics: inorganic and fired . Bricks are made from clays, and they do not have to be fired—they can be sun dried, as has been done by many cultures. Therefore, bricks do not really belong in ceramics. Concrete is made from cement and aggregate; it is a composite—stones and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
.... 1 begins with patternmaking. A pattern is a specially made model of the part to be produced, used for producing molds. Generally, sand is placed around the pattern, and, in the case of clay-bonded sand, rammed to the desired hardness. When chemical binders are used, the mold is chemically hardened...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... store and transport water, wine, and beer. By the time Marco Polo traveled to Asia, the production of watertight porcelain was a valued technology. Many of these same ideas are evident today in how artists use clay formulations to create bowls and mugs. It is a simple idea: combine powder consisting of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... , The Johns Hopkins University Press , 1995 Nasaw D. , Andrew Carnegie , Penguin Group , 2006 Standford L. , Meet You in Hell: Andrew Carnegie, Henry Clay Frick, and the Bitter Partnership that Transformed America , Crown Publishers , 2005 Stoddard B.C. , Steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... of large clay pipe was frequently damaged at the casting plant and during transport and onsite installation. Winding the composite flange on a plain clay pipe has solved that problem, with great savings in plant cost and installation ( Fig. 6.21 ). Fig. 6.21 Clay pipe flange A car-top...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... phones. Advancements in materials have been responsible for most of today’s prosperity. Two centuries ago the most important materials were wood and clay. Glass and steel, wrought iron, copper, silver, and pewter were available, but were very expensive. There were no plastics, processed aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... parallel and close to power lines. Alternating-current corrosion is less severe as the frequency increases. Stray-ac corrosion is also less severe if the pipeline is laid in clay soils containing high ion contents but can be severe if the pipeline is laid in high-resistivity sandy soils. Alternating...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... materials are also being researched and developed by Agri-Tech Industries. The blown-film material (75 μm, or 3 mils) consisted of 40% starch, 10% urea, 25% LDPE, and 25% EAA. Biodegradation of the starch component was studied by monitoring carbon dioxide evolution in loam clay (relatively high in organic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... bacteria (SRB), from produced sulfides Underground pipeline industry Water-saturated clay-type soils of near-neutral pH with decaying organic matter and a source of SRB Water treatment industry Heat exchangers and piping Sewage handling and treatment industry Concrete and reinforced concrete...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... chemical industries. Ceramics are one of mankind’s most ancient materials. Once humans discovered that clay could be dug up and formed into objects by mixing it with water and firing it, the industry was born. As early as 24,000 B.C., animal and human figurines were made from clay and other materials...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... smelting furnace; it was worked into bars and cut into pieces. The small pieces were placed in clay crucibles to which wood chips were added. After sealing, the crucibles were heated in small furnaces to a high temperature by the use of an air blast from skin bellows. Melting occurred as the iron absorbed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... in composition and heat treatment, primarily in the fields of earthmoving, mining, quarrying, oil well drilling, steelmaking, railroading, dredging, lumbering, and in the manufacture of cement and clay products. Austenitic manganese steel is used in equipment for handling and processing earthen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... more than 5500 years ago, when shaped cavities were carved or impressed into molds of soft minerals and clay. Naturally occurring copper, silver, and gold were melted and solidified in these cavities. Brass, bronze, tin and zinc artifacts, weapons, and tools were cast as extractive metallurgy developed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... practiced more than 5500 years ago, when shaped cavities were carved or impressed into molds of soft minerals and clay. Naturally occurring copper, silver, and gold were melted and solidified in these cavities. Brass, bronze, tin and zinc artifacts, weapons, and tools were cast as extractive metallurgy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... surface finishes and less tendency for cracking. Fillers, such as calcium carbonate, aluminum trihydrates, or kaolins (clays), reduce cost and shrinkage. Mold release agents, such as zinc or calcium sterates, can be added to the formulation to provide self-releasing properties after molding. Thickeners...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... applications. Most magnesium anodes in the United States are supplied with a prepackaged bentonite clay backfill in a permeable cloth sack. This backfill ensures that the anode will have a conductive environment and will corrode reliably. The additional material is less expensive than the soil resistivity...