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classification of cast irons

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... discusses composition, microstructure, heat treatments, and the classification and casting characteristics of white, gray, ductile, malleable, compacted graphite, and special cast irons. chemical composition compacted graphite cast iron ductile cast iron gray cast iron heat treatment malleable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
...) Added to steel for sulfide shape control (forms rounded, undeformable cerium sulfide inclusions). Strong deoxidizer Magnesium (Mg) Added to liquid cast iron to nucleate graphite nodules in ductile (nodular) iron Fig. 1.1 Classification chart for steels Fig. 1.7 Micrograph...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... or thickness; deep penetration refers to ≥1%. (b) Depends on the efficiency of quenching medium. Source: Ref 4 Classification of cast irons by tensile strength Table 5.2 Classification of cast irons by tensile strength ASTM class Approximate tensile strength MPa ksi 20 138 20...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... , and Mücklich F. , Unambiguous Classification of Complex Microstructures by Their Three-Dimensional Parameters Applied to Graphite in Cast Iron , Acta Mat. , Vol 56 ( No. 9 ), 2008 , p 1981 – 90 10.1016/j.actamat.2007.12.033 24. Velichko A. , Quantitative 3D Characterization of Graphite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... Classification of Manufacturing Processes Manufacturing processes can be divided, in a simplified manner, into five general areas ( Ref 1.2 ): Primary shaping processes, such as casting, melt extrusion, die casting, and pressing of metal powder. In all these processes, the material initially has...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... References 1. Cast Irons , Metals Handbook Desk Edition , 2nd ed. , ASM International , 1998 2. Stefanescu D.M. , Classification and Basic Metallurgy of Cast Iron , Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , Vol 1 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1990...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., and cast irons. In the past, steel has been described as an alloy of iron and carbon. Today, this description is no longer applicable since in some very important steels, such as interstitial-free steels and some stainless steels, carbon is considered an impurity and is present in quantities of only a few...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes the classification of steels and the various compositional categories of commercial steel products. It explains how different alloying elements affect the properties of carbon and low-alloys steels and discusses strength, toughness, and corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... the classifications of cast iron: white, malleable, gray, ductile, and compacted graphite. Based on corrosion resistance, cast irons can be grouped into five basic categories. Each is discussed below. Cast iron classification based on carbon form and shape Table 3 Cast iron classification based on carbon form...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... environment. In the case of solid state phase transformations in steels and cast irons, structural heterogeneities play an important role as nucleating agents (or sites); grain boundaries, highly deformed regions (with more stored energy), and interfaces with nonmetallic inclusions are some examples...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... understood that tool steels are made and processed in small quantities to extremely high levels of quality control. Tool steels do not lend themselves to the type of classification used by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) and the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) for carbon and alloy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... structures. Cast alloys are typified by X-40 and wrought alloys by alloy 25 (also known as L605). No intermetallic compound possessing the same degree of utility as the γ′ precipitate in nickel- or iron-nickel-base superalloys has been found to be operative in cobalt-base systems. Superalloys contain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... to refine stainless steel. The chapter also provides information on the classification and composition of stainless steel castings. It concludes with a brief description of the Schaeffler constitution diagram which is useful in predicting the type of stainless steel as a function of its alloy content...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... International , 1996 , p 94 – 106 • Heat Treating of Malleable Irons , ASM Specialty Handbook: Cast Irons , Davis J.R. , Ed., ASM International , 1996 , p 205 – 208 • Classification and Basic Metallurgy of Cast Irons , ASM Specialty Handbook: Cast Irons , Davis J.R. , Ed., ASM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... and solute redistribution, called segregation. Because the atomic arrangement in the liquid phase is less compact than in the solid phases of iron (BCC or FCC), a significant change of volume (contraction) occurs during solidification. (In the case of cast irons, see Chapter 17, “Cast Irons...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Carbide Precipitation/Sensitization 3.8.2 Sigma Phase Embrittlement 3.8.3 475 °C or 885 °F Embrittlement 3.1.1 Structure of Metals 3.1.2 Imperfections in Solids 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Iron-Carbon Alloys 3.3 Phase Transformations in Steel 3.4 Classification and Types of Steels 3.5...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., and corrosion resistance. This chapter covers the classification, composition, properties, and applications of copper alloys, including brasses, bronzes, copper-nickel, beryllium-copper, and casting alloys. It also examines wrought copper alloys and pure coppers. The chapter begins with an overview...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... Superalloys Solid-Solution-Hardened Wrought Superalloys Carbide-Hardened Wrought (and Cast) Cobalt-Base Superalloys Precipitation-Hardenable Wrought Superalloys Design Aspects Integrity Introduction Verification of Crack-Free Welded Assemblies Postweld Heat Treat Cracking Postweld...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Specialty Handbook: Cast Irons , Davis J.R. , Ed., ASM International , 1996 , p 428 – 436 Selected References Selected References • Classification and Basic Metallurgy of Cast Irons , ASM Specialty Handbook: Cast Irons , Davis J.R. , Ed., ASM International , 1996 , p 3 – 15...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... on transformations and on the classification of steels by carbon content. The chapter ends with a discussion on the effect of time on transformation and on the use of time-temperature-transformation diagrams. allotropy austenite-to-ferrite transformation carbon content commercially pure iron heat treatment...