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chemical vapor deposition equipment

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the state of the art in high-pressure cold spray equipment, including both spray systems and gas supply systems. The chapter describes the commercial cold spray systems developed by companies such as Cold Gas Technology (CGT) GmbH, Plasma Giken...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... Abstract This chapter describes two types of auxiliary equipment required in most induction heating installations: cooling systems and device timers. Water- and vapor-based systems used for cooling the power supply and the induction coil are described. The chapter concludes with a brief...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
...) and, in some cases, carbon and sulfur in metals. This chapter discusses the operating principles of XRF, OES, combustion and inert gas fusion analysis, surface analysis, and scanning auger microprobe analysis. The details of equipment set-up used for chemical composition analysis as well as the capabilities...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Abstract This chapter familiarizes readers with the machining characteristics of titanium and the implementation of machining and shaping processes. It explains why titanium alloys are more difficult to machine than other metals and how it impacts the equipment and procedures that can be used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... to that of conventional sacrificial cladding is called diffusion cladding. Aluminum products can be clad using this process, regardless of their shape ( Ref 9 ). The process involves two steps: first, a thin film of zinc is deposited on the aluminum surface by chemical displacement from an alkaline zincate solution...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... on the surface of a fractured part. Even though stress cracking chemicals are not adsorbed into the plastic to any significant extent, surface residues are often left behind that can be identified. Once the chemical that left the deposit is known, reference to prior work reported in the literature may tell...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... protective linings barrier protection chemical inhibition galvanic protection surface preparation inspection quality assurance electroplating electroless plating hot dipping thermal spraying cladding pack cementation vapor deposition ion implantation laser processing COATINGS are the most...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter describes surface modification processes that go beyond conventional heat treatments, including plasma nitriding, plasma carburizing, low-pressure carburizing, ion implantation, physical and chemical vapor deposition, salt bath coating, and transformation hardening via high-energy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses coating technologies that are applicable to beryllium, including physical and chemical vapor deposition, thermal evaporation, electroplating, sputtering, ion plating, and plasma arc spraying. It describes the advantages and disadvantages of each method...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This chapter explains how to achieve accurate, sharp delineation of the microstructure of metals using appropriate etching and contrasting techniques. It covers a variety of methods, including chemical etching, heat tinting, gas contrasting, vapor deposition, magnetic etching, ion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... fibers are produced by chemical vapor deposition of silicon carbide on a 1.3 mil (33.0 μm) diameter amorphous carbon substrate, resulting in a large 5.5 mil (139.7 μm) diameter fiber. A carbon substrate is preferred to a tungsten substrate because, above 1500 °F (815 °C), silicon carbide reacts...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... are not desired. Moreover, environmental conditions can dictate ability to use some solutions. All titanium parts should be acid pickled after vapor degreasing to remove residual chlorine. Other cleaning methods use chemicals that, if they are left to dry on the part, can have a harmful effect...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... finish of the parts to be coated. The equipment and methods of application used are similar to those used in painting. Phosphate coating is the treatment of iron, steel, galvanized steel, or aluminum with a dilute solution of phosphoric acid and other chemicals in which the surface of the metal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., potassium, and chlorine, which may react among themselves and/or with sulfur during combustion to form salt vapors. These salt vapors may then deposit at lower temperatures on metal surfaces, resulting in accelerated sulfidation attack. This accelerated sulfidation attack due to salt deposits is frequently...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... fiber-to-matrix bond required for toughness. The coatings ( Fig. 11.14 ), ranging in thickness from 0.1 to 1.0 μm, are applied directly to the fibers prior to processing, usually by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The CVD produces coatings of relatively uniform thickness, composition, and structure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... oxidation. This attack of alloy surfaces has been found to be caused by several types of contaminants, including gaseous contaminants that originate in the fuel and combustion air, as well as deposits in the form of solids or liquids that may condense from vapors also present in the combustion gas stream...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... overlays, thermal spraying, and various deposition technologies. ceramic coating chemical vapor deposition cladding corrosion resistance electroless plating electroplating hot dip metallic coating physical vapor deposition thermal spraying weld overlays THE SURFACE-ENGINEERING METHODS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... should be designed to prevent hot vapor pockets ( Fig. 4 ). In general, the open ends of inlets, outlets, and tubes in heat exchangers should be flush with tank walls or tubesheets to avoid buildup of harmful corrodents, sludges, and deposits ( Fig. 5 ). This is also true of tank bottom and drainage...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... French D.N. , Failures of Boilers and Related Equipment , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook, ASM International , 2002 , p 1709 – 1738 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816 6.28 Colannino J. , Prevent Boiler Tube Failures Part 1: Fire Side Mechanisms , Chemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter presents the primary considerations and mechanisms for corrosion and how they are involved in the selection of materials for process equipment in petroleum refineries and petrochemical plants. In addition, specific information on mechanical properties, corrosion, sulfide...