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chemical vapor deposition

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter describes surface modification processes that go beyond conventional heat treatments, including plasma nitriding, plasma carburizing, low-pressure carburizing, ion implantation, physical and chemical vapor deposition, salt bath coating, and transformation hardening via high-energy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... hardening, case (surface) hardening, and nitriding as well as hard chrome plating, vapor deposition, and thermal diffusion coating. It explains how to measure wear resistance using various tests and provides guidelines for selecting tool materials, treatments, and coatings. chemical vapor deposition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses coating technologies that are applicable to beryllium, including physical and chemical vapor deposition, thermal evaporation, electroplating, sputtering, ion plating, and plasma arc spraying. It describes the advantages and disadvantages of each method and the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... overlays, thermal spraying, and various deposition technologies. ceramic coating chemical vapor deposition cladding corrosion resistance electroless plating electroplating hot dip metallic coating physical vapor deposition thermal spraying weld overlays THE SURFACE-ENGINEERING METHODS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... protective linings barrier protection chemical inhibition galvanic protection surface preparation inspection quality assurance electroplating electroless plating hot dipping thermal spraying cladding pack cementation vapor deposition ion implantation laser processing COATINGS are the most...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... are: Qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis for major and minor elements in metals and alloys Determination of composition and thickness of thin film deposits X-ray fluorescence with energy dispersive detectors have a threshold sensitivity of ~0.02% and a precision for...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... agents on creep rupture performance One condition in which the possibility of ESC should be considered is when there is an apparent stain or other deposit residue on the surface of a fractured part. Even though stress cracking chemicals are not adsorbed into the plastic to any significant extent...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... operations. The chapter also covers chemical and electrochemical machining processes as well as flame cutting. chemical shaping machining titanium titanium alloys THIS CHAPTER INTRODUCES the terminology of conventional and nonconventional machining processes and details general guidelines for...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... destruction of the metal can occur. Other than uniform dissolution in an active chemical, this is one of the two main causes of unexpected, very rapid corrosion of aluminum (an uncommon event). The other is the presence of mercury ions in the environment (see the preceding section on “ Deposition Corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This chapter explains how to achieve accurate, sharp delineation of the microstructure of metals using appropriate etching and contrasting techniques. It covers a variety of methods, including chemical etching, heat tinting, gas contrasting, vapor deposition, magnetic etching, ion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... carbide fibers are produced by chemical vapor deposition of silicon carbide on a 1.3 mil (33.0 μm) diameter amorphous carbon substrate, resulting in a large 5.5 mil (139.7 μm) diameter fiber. A carbon substrate is preferred to a tungsten substrate because, above 1500 °F (815 °C), silicon carbide reacts...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Many metallic components, such as retorts in heat treat furnaces, furnace heater tubes and coils in chemical and petrochemical plants, waterwalls and reheater tubes in boilers, and combustors and transition ducts in gas turbines, are subject to oxidation. This chapter explains how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... to supply both helium and nitrogen for cold spray processing. Here, helium is supplied from high-pressure tube trailers, and nitrogen is drawn from a liquid nitrogen tank, pressurized by a cryogenic pump and gasified in a high-pressure vaporizer. Fig. 4.11 Gas supply systems for cold spray...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... chemically pure grade. In both the acid and dichromate baths, hydrofluoric acid content is most critical and must be carefully controlled. After proper activation, titanium can be plated in a standard acid copper sulfate bath. The adhesion of the deposited copper is better than that of 60-40 solder to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... during high-temperature processing, aid in slowing oxidation during service, and provide the weak fiber-to-matrix bond required for toughness. The coatings ( Fig. 11.14 ), ranging in thickness from 0.1 to 1.0 μm, are applied directly to the fibers prior to processing, usually by chemical vapor deposition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Liquid metals are frequently used as a heat-transfer medium because of their high thermal conductivities and low vapor pressures. Containment materials used in such heat-transfer systems are subject to molten metal corrosion as well as other problems. This chapter reviews the corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., such as sodium, potassium, and chlorine, which may react among themselves and/or with sulfur during combustion to form salt vapors. These salt vapors may then deposit at lower temperatures on metal surfaces, resulting in accelerated sulfidation attack. This accelerated sulfidation attack due to salt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.../rspa.1951.0223 [76] Learn A. and Foster D. , “ Resistivity, grain size, and impurity effects in chemically vapor-deposited tungsten films ”, Journal of Applied Physics . ( 1985 ); Vol. 58 No. 5 pp. 2001 - 2007 . 10.1063/1.336010 [77] Perentes A. , and Hoffmann P...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... water and needs chemical treatment. Impurities carried along with feedwater are a potential source of deposition and scaling in various parts of the boiler, including boiler tubes’ high heat zones. Their source is make-up water that contains mineral salts, condensate that contains process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Black liquor recovery boilers are an integral part of the kraft pulping process used in paper mills. Besides recovering chemicals for reuse, they also produce process steam. High operating temperatures and exposure to process chemicals and combustion byproducts make recovery boilers...