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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 15.16 Ni-P layer deposited by chemical process on the surface of a part of F6NM stainless steel (see Chapter 16, “Stainless Steels,” in this book) (a) and (b). This coating is deposited for surface protection and to avoid scratches or other superficial damage that may interfere More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter focuses on the applications of stainless steels in chemical and process industry, covering what data are necessary and how they can be found. It begins with an overview of single- and dual-environment systems and the corrosion issues they face. This is followed...
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Published: 01 March 2001
Fig. 2 Surface engineering processes used to prevent wear. CVD, chemical vapor deposition; PVD, physical vapor deposition; EB, electron beam More
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Published: 01 October 2012
Fig. 11.29 Schematics of chemical vapor infiltration processes. (a) Isothermal chemical vapor infiltration. (b) Forced chemical vapor infiltration. Source: Ref 11.11 More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 21.19 Directed metal oxidation process. Aluminum (Al), chemical vapor deposition (CVD) More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 21.20 Liquid silicon infiltration process. Chemical vapor infiltration (CVI), silicon (Si), silicon carbide (SiC), ceramic matrix composite (CMC) More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... them in critical industries such as mining, energy production, transportation, and mineral and chemical processing. The chapter also describes basic approaches to dealing with corrosion and wear in steel. corrosion protection corrosion resistance steel wear resistance SURFACE ENGINEERING...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Abstract Titanium castings are used in a wide range of aerospace, chemical process, marine, biomedical, and automotive applications. This chapter provides an overview of titanium casting and associated processes and how they compare with other manufacturing methods. It also discusses the role...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter provides a fundamental understanding of beryllium reduction thermodynamics as a prerequisite for subsequent chapters on extraction, chemical processing, and corrosion. It examines a number of reduction methods along with a potential refining process, highlighting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract Nickel and nickel-base alloys are specified for many applications, such as oil and gas production, power generation, and chemical processing, because of their resistance to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). Under certain conditions, however, SCC can be a concern. This chapter describes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... the basic factors that influence design for corrosion resistance and discusses the use of conversion coatings, organic coatings, porcelain enameling, and electroplating. It also discusses corrosion monitoring methods used in chemical processing and refining industries. aluminum aluminum alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter describes some of the chemical processes that have been developed to extract beryllium from different types of ore. It covers the Kjellgren-Sawyer sulfate method, the Degussa method, Copaux-Kawecki fluoride extraction, solvent extraction, and leaching and settling. It also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Abstract This chapter describes the applications with the greatest impact on titanium consumption and global market trends. It explains where, how, and why titanium alloys are used in aerospace, automotive, chemical processing, medical, and military applications as well as power generating...
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 8.10 Cast titanium components produced by (a) rammed graphite method, 300 mm (12 in.) long chemically pure titanium pump housing for the chemical process industry; (b) rammed graphite method, Ti-6Al-4V helicopter hub; (c) investment casting airframe components; and (d) investment casting More
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Published: 01 December 2000
Fig. 2.4 A few typical areas of application for high-performance titanium parts. (a) Offshore drilling rig components. (b) Subsea equipment and submersibles requiring ultrastrength. (c) Aircraft. (d) Components for marine and chemical processing operations. More
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 4 Summary of (a) total costs and (b) cost ratio (based on type 316L Sch. 5S = 1.00) for 150 mm (6 in.) OD corrosion-resistant piping for a chemical processing plant. Safeguarding costs associated with nonmetallic piping include engineering design features such as insulation, shock More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
damage, a layer of nickel 3–5 μm thick was deposited on this surface by a chemical process. SEM, SE. Courtesy of S. Lee, Pohang University of Science and Technology, South Korea. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... or otherwise) that occur during service. Input from knowledgeable process engineers is recommended. Precise definition of the chemical environment, including the presence of trace compounds, is vital. For example, the nickel-molybdenum alloy B-2 (UNS N10665) is highly resistant to hydrochloric acid (HCl...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... materials selections, but it is of major importance in many industries, such as the chemical processing or pulp and paper industries. Eventual choice of material is the result of several compromises. For example, the technical appraisal of any alloy will generally be a compromise between corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., combined with good mechanical properties. Therefore, they are used extensively in aggressive environments, such as in the chemical processing, pollution control, power generation, electronic, and aerospace industries. Nickel is ductile and can be made by conventional processing methods into castings...