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chemical process

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter focuses on the applications of stainless steels in chemical and process industry, covering what data are necessary and how they can be found. It begins with an overview of single- and dual-environment systems and the corrosion issues they face. This is followed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... materials. Using these materials to fabricate hardware depends on a chemical process, in contrast to the more conventional metallic techniques, such as machining, heat forming, and mechanical fastening. Thermoset processing is further complicated in that its chemical reactions convert the materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
.... The chapter also covers chemical and electrochemical machining processes as well as flame cutting. chemical shaping machining titanium titanium alloys THIS CHAPTER INTRODUCES the terminology of conventional and nonconventional machining processes and details general guidelines for successful...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... because of the many cases in which sufficiently high stresses are introduced into plastics in the form of residual stresses during processing, as in shrinkage, or in the form of external stresses incurred during the service life. A combination of chemical and physical factors, along with stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... thermogravimetric analysis thermomechanical testing molecular weight molecular weight distribution thermoplastic resins chemical analysis physical test DURING THE PROCESSING OF THERMOPLASTICS, polymer chains are sheared, twisted, distorted, stretched, and subjected to a vast array of flow histories...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... as by the natural processes of volcanic eruptions, dust storms, and forest fires. The principal chemical pollutants are sulfur oxides, which, when oxidized, usually form sulfur trioxide or metallic sulfates. Nitrogen oxides, like sulfur oxides, are present in smog, hydrocarbons, and carbon monoxide. Industrial...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract The overall chemical composition of metals and alloys is most commonly determined by x-ray fluorescence (XRF) and optical emission spectroscopy (OES). High-temperature combustion and inert gas fusion methods are typically used to analyze dissolved gases (oxygen, nitrogen, and hydrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Abstract This chapters discusses the basic steps in the failure analysis process. It covers examination procedures, selection and preservation of fracture surfaces, macro and microfractography, metallographic analysis, mechanical testing, chemical analysis, and simulated service testing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
..., but their presence has plagued all forms of steel casting and is particularly problematic in both foundry processing and in the continuous casting of sheet steels and wire. Macroinclusions are always practice related, and analysis of the size and chemical composition of a macroinclusion can lead...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... limitations for inorganic (metal and ceramic) coating processes TRD, thermoreactive deposition/diffusion process; CVD, chemical vapor deposition; PVD, physical vapor deposition References 1. Kovacs W.L. , Commercial and Economic Trends in Ion Nitriding/Carburizing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... OF the materials selection process has evolved dramatically over the course of the last century. Today there are more than 100,000 materials available for engineering applications. The design process itself has also changed. In the past, engineering design was performed as a sequential procedure, with the material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... Abstract This chapter presents guidelines for product designers to choose the best process and alloys while designing a casting. The discussion covers some of the factors pertinent to the selection of the best process for the product function and performance, namely geometric factors...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... experiences a significant amount of plastic deformation and is influenced by numerous parameters, including the deformation history of the workpiece material and the process conditions (i.e., rate of deformation, lubrication, and friction). Other factors that influence fracture include chemical composition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... Abstract The detailed heating requirements for specific applications must be considered before construction and implementation of any induction heating process. These requirements may include considerations such as type of heating, throughput and heating time, workpiece material, peak...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Abstract This chapter reviews the current understanding of high-pressure cold spraying for different materials, covering widely accepted general mechanisms for particle deposition and the processes and parameters involved. It begins by reviewing the mechanisms of bonding. An overview...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract This article introduces the wafer-level fault localization failure analysis (FA) process flow for an accelerated yield ramp-up of integrated circuits. It discusses the primary design considerations of a fault localization system with an emphasis on complex tester-based applications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... Abstract This chapter presents a step-by-step approach for analyzing the causes of nonconforming workpieces and determining potential solutions. The discussion covers a wide range of issues, including testing errors, latent and process-related defects, examination and testing techniques, defect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... Abstract This chapter discusses the selection, use, and integration of methods to control process variables in induction heating, including control of workpiece and processing temperature and materials handling systems. The discussion of temperature control includes a review of proportional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
..., and the use of chemical activators and conditioning agents. It also explains that hand sorting is still very common because of processing challenges and inefficiencies. bertrandite beryl beryllium ores crushing flotation phenacite BERYLLIUM-CONTAINING ores are treated with conventional mineral...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... and the effect of temperature, pressure, and other process variables on the microstructures and properties developed. beryllium chemical vapor deposition electroplating ion plating microstructure physical vapor deposition plasma arc spraying sputtering thermal evaporation THIS CHAPTER deals...