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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter focuses on the applications of stainless steels in chemical and process industry, covering what data are necessary and how they can be found. It begins with an overview of single- and dual-environment systems and the corrosion issues they face. This is followed...
Image
Published: 01 September 2011
Fig. 2.25 Pipes, joints, reducers, elbows, and T-shaped parts used in the oil and chemical industry More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... in Table 3 . An excellent source of information on rubber linings can be found in MTI Manual No. 7, Practical Guide to the Use of Elastomeric Linings , published by the Materials Technology Institute (MTI) of the Chemical Process Industries, Inc. This guide provides practical information pertaining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
.... This was not conducive to high-speed production, but many parts of that era were aerospace or defense related, and high-volume production was not required. The exception to this was the oil and chemical industry, which needed many parts wound at a time to increase efficiency. Oil and Gas Industry Production...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...; in architecture; for military applications (particularly for nonmagnetic hulls of submarines and mine countermeasure vessels); and for equipment in the petroleum, chemical, aerospace, power, and process industries. Environmental initiatives, such as flue gas desulfurization in the power industry and the adoption...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... methods of ferritic nitrocarburizing were accomplished in low-temperature (550 °C, or 1020 °F) salt baths working on the principle of the decomposition of cyanide to cyanate (in the ferrite region). Imperial Chemical Industries in England pioneered the salt bath process, which was called the “Sulfinuz...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... cycle times Types of Salt Bath Nitriding Processes Since the early development of the salt bath nitriding process, many derivatives have appeared ( Ref 1 ). The two major European companies that pioneered the salt bath process were the Cassel Division of Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... them in critical industries such as mining, energy production, transportation, and mineral and chemical processing. The chapter also describes basic approaches to dealing with corrosion and wear in steel. corrosion protection corrosion resistance steel wear resistance SURFACE ENGINEERING...
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 8.10 Cast titanium components produced by (a) rammed graphite method, 300 mm (12 in.) long chemically pure titanium pump housing for the chemical process industry; (b) rammed graphite method, Ti-6Al-4V helicopter hub; (c) investment casting airframe components; and (d) investment casting More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... and fabrication. This chapter summarizes some of the special applications of induction heating, including those in the plastics, packaging, electronics, glass, chemical, and metal-finishing industries. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the application of induction heating for vacuum processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract Corrosion can be defined as a chemical or electrochemical reaction between a material, usually a metal, and its environment that produces a deterioration of the material and its properties. This chapter describes the effects and economic impact of corrosion in major industrial plants...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the engineering significance of steel and briefly describes its chemical composition, crystal structure, Fe-C phases, and associated characterization techniques. steel Humankind has used iron products since at least 1200 B.C. Even though iron is one...
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Published: 01 January 2000
, and fumes released from chemical plants and refineries. The most aggressive conditions are often found in places of intense industrial activity where the coating is frequently wetted by rain, snow, and other forms of condensation. In these areas, sulfur compounds can combine with atmospheric moisture More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Black liquor recovery boilers are an integral part of the kraft pulping process used in paper mills. Besides recovering chemicals for reuse, they also produce process steam. High operating temperatures and exposure to process chemicals and combustion byproducts make recovery boilers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...) used to cure them. For most industrial applications, the formulation is fixed. The processing variables allow tailoring of the ultimate cured properties of the system. Processing parameters are as important as the initial chemical composition of the resin being cured. Processes such as rate, kinetics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... applications and as severe as the chemically active product streams in the chemical-processing industries. Stainless steels are categorized in five distinct families according to their crystal structure and strengthening precipitates. Each family exhibits its own general characteristic in terms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
...) There was no standardization of the chemical compositions of alloys produced in the stainless steel industry until the early 1930s. The now-familiar four-digit numbering system for carbon and alloy steels had been developed by AISI. They decided on a three-digit numbering system for stainless steels. It is important to note...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...) up to the atmospheric boiling point. However, the presence of small quantities of oxidizing metal ions, such as ferric ion (Fe 3+ ), will result in severe corrosion. Other operating conditions that require definition, especially for equipment used in the chemical-processing industry, include...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... and eventual failure of components and systems in the processing and manufacturing industries and reductions in the service life of components. Thermal sprayed coatings prevent, or limit, the effects of corrosion and wear by providing protection against chemical and physical interactions of a material...
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 8.16 Dendrites formed during the solidification of a metallic alloy. The spacing between the dendrite “branches” or arms in steel solidified in industrial processes range from hundreds of micrometers to millimeters. The most common measurement to characterize dendrite spacing More