1-20 of 155 Search Results for

chemical cleanliness

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... contact, namely chemical neutrality, biological neutrality, and cleanliness. A vast majority of stainless steel applications in commercial and residential equipment are also discussed. stainless steel commercial equipment residential equipment Summary Introduction Food Contact...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... oils, lapping compounds, or fingerprints, the affected area will not successfully nitride, and the area below it will be soft. The remedy is to ensure absolute surface cleanliness prior to gas nitriding. This can be accomplished by degreasing using either chemical or ultrasonic methods. If the part...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... completely removes whatever it is supposed to remove. Test solutions can contaminate products or result in an out-of-calibration condition if the test solution is contaminated. Chemical-concentration-monitoring equipment, for example, usually requires calibration with a test solution of known...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... and operating overload, the importance of surface cleanliness and finish, and the role of inspection, testing, replacement, and repair in safe-life and fail-safe designs. Examples highlighting the benefits and potential pitfalls of proof loading tests are included as well. coaxing compressive stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... titration testing AN ALTERNATIVE to the gas nitriding process was sought in the mid-1930s that would produce a more uniform and better metallurgically formed case. Notable chemical companies conducted many experiments to find an appropriate alternative method. A liquid, researchers thought, would...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Metallurgy Residual Elements and Cleanliness Rolling Aluminum Plate and Sheet Titanium Melting Titanium Primary Fabrication Types of Rolling Mills Rolls Defects in Rolling Rolling of Steels Hot Rolling of Steels Cold Rolling and Annealing of Steels Rimmed Steels Capped...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... by three basic mechanisms: barrier protection, chemical inhibition, and galvanic (sacrificial) protection. This chapter begins with a section on organic coating and linings, providing a detailed account of the steps involved in the coating process, namely, design and selection, surface preparation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on the metallurgical factors governing the machinability of stainless steels. It begins by describing the chemistry, cleanliness, structure, processing history, and the cross-section size of the stock of the different grades of stainless steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Inclusions and chemical segregation are factors in many process-induced failures involving steel parts. Inclusions are nonmetallic compounds introduced during production; segregation is a type of chemical partitioning that occurs during solidification. This chapter discusses the origins...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
... gas (mainly methane, CH 4 ) with air (1:2.5–2.7 ratio) over a heated catalyst. The important chemical reactions that take place can be expressed as: (Eq 1) 2 C H 4 + O 2 → 2 C O + 4 H 2 (Eq 2) 2 C O → C + C O 2 Varying the ratio...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... the surface to absorb carbon. The most commonly used medium is endothermic (commonly known as “endo”) gas produced by reacting natural gas (mainly methane, CH 4 ) with air (1:2.5 to 2.7 ratio) over a heated catalyst. The important chemical reactions that take place can be expressed as: (Eq 1) 2 C H...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... fracture and those without fracture. In each category, failures can be further classified depending on whether they are caused by thermal, mechanical, or chemical influences. Further classification is possible to identify the mechanism of failure. Mechanical failures are further studied considering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... of fatigue crack area to the overload failure area was approximately 60:40. The chemical composition of the failed bolts conformed to the specifications. The cleanliness and microstructure of the steel were satisfactory. The hardness and microstructure suggested that correct heat treatment was given...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... from iron ore is to make iron by chemically reducing the ore (iron oxide) with carbon, in the form of coke, according to the general equation: (Eq 19.1) Fe 2 O 3 + 3 CO → 2Fe+3CO 2 The ironmaking reaction takes place in a blast furnace, shown schematically in Fig. 19.3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... are welded containers and fixtures for thermal processing, and headers and manifolds for chemical and petrochemical processing. The potential problem in welding these materials is base metal grain size. As grain size increases, weldability decreases. In some applications, a minimum grain size in the base...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... to wrought Price per pound $0.50–5.00 $1–10 >$100 $1–5 Source: Ref 9 Chemical and physical properties of compacting-grade iron powder Table 1 Chemical and physical properties of compacting-grade iron powder Constituent or property Electrolytic Reduced Atomized Chemical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
.... Those evaluated methods include: Powder under vacuum (PSV, from pulverization sous vide ) Continuous shot casting (CSC) Pendant drop (P-D) Flash reduction of titanium (alloy) vapors Some additional effort has been directed to elemental titanium and PA powder production by chemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... for combustion. Ore, fuel, and flux descend the stack and encounter hot combustion gases that are rich in carbon monoxide moving up the stack; this results in heat exchange and chemical reactions. Molten metal, which results from the reactions, collects at the furnace bottom. The impurities in the ore and coke...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
... obtained by carburizing. Steels selected have carbon content somewhat higher than is employed for carburizing grades to provide support for the hard, brittle case. The chemical compositions of nitriding steels commonly used in gears are shown in Table 6.1 . Chemical compositions of nitriding steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Chemical Company , Golden, CO Campbell R.P. , Dixon R.D. , and Liby A.L. , 1978 . “ Electron Beam Fusion Welding of Beryllium ,” RFP-2621, Rockwell International, Rocky Flats Plant , Golden, CO 10.2172/5172167 Cotton J.D. , and Field R.D. , 1997 . Microstructural...