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chemical characterization

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract This article covers common techniques for surface characterization, including the modern scanning electron microscopy and methods for the chemical characterization of surfaces by Auger electron spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and time-of-flight secondary ion mass...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract This article focuses on characterization techniques used for analyzing the physical behavior and chemical composition of thermoset resins, namely chromatography and infrared spectroscopy. The main purpose is to give sufficient detail to permit the reader understand a particular test...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the engineering significance of steel and briefly describes its chemical composition, crystal structure, Fe-C phases, and associated characterization techniques. steel Humankind has used iron products since at least 1200 B.C. Even though iron is one...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... to characterize cracking and fracture damage, and explains what to look for during macroscopic and microscopic examinations as well as chemical and metallographic analyses. It also includes nearly a dozen case studies investigating SCC failures in various materials. failure analysis macroscopic examination...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Abstract This appendix is a compilation of tables helpful to metallographers in characterizing irons and steels. The tables include AISI/SAE designations and specific composition ranges for various steels and irons, listings of companies that sell metallographic equipment and supplies...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... of many analyses performed over a predefined area are typically presented as a computer generated color coded two-dimensional map of composition versus position. This map provides a method for characterizing chemical inhomogeneities on a spatial resolution scale midway between the ~1 cm (~0.04 in.) range...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... by infrared (IR) spectroscopy or spectroscopic methods in general. With the chemical structure of the pipe established, the next property to address is the glass transition temperature, T g , and the melt temperature, T m , because they characterize the useful working temperature range of the material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
.... , Chemical Cleaning of an Industrial Boiler—An Overview , The Analyst , Vol 11 ( No. 4 ), 2004 Material characterization is a subject of interest for scientists and engineers because the properties of the material are governed by its composition and structure. Over the last few decades several...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter provides perspective on the physical dimensions associated with the microstructure of steel and the instruments that reveal grain size, morphology, phase distributions, crystal defects, and chemical composition, from which properties and behaviors derive. The chapter also reviews...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract There are several analytical methods available that can be used in-line on whole wafers as well as off-line on de-processed products that are returned from the field. These techniques are surface analytical techniques that can be used to characterize the bulk of the material. The main...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Characterization: Laboratory Techniques and Analysis ,” Noyes Publications , 1996 , p 15 8. Driscoll S.B. , Physical, Chemical, and Thermal Analysis of Thermoplastic Resins , Engineering Plastics , Vol 2 , Engineered Materials Handbook , ASM International , 1988 , p 533 9. Turner S...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... , May C.A. , Ed., ACS Symposium Series 227, American Chemical Society , 1983 , p 25 – 47 10.1021/bk-1982-0227.ch002 68. Morgan R.J. , Walkup C.M. , and Hoheisel T.H. , Characterization of the Cure of Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Composite Prepregs by Differential Scanning...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... Abstract Transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steels are characterized by their excellent strength and high ductility, which allow the production of more complicated parts for lightweight automotive applications. This chapter provides an overview of the compositions, microstructures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
...- solid interface. (a) Phase diagram. (b) Composition profile across the solid-liquid interface. Source: Ref 9.40 Solute atom redistribution, or chemical partitioning, during solidification is characterized by the solute concentrations in the solid, c S , and liquid, c L , phases at a given...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
..., SEM is used right from the starting powder characterization. The feedstock powders are analyzed for particle size, size distribution, shape, and chemical composition prior to start of the cold spraying process ( Ref 5.27 – 5.37 ). Figure 5.9(a) and (b) show representative scanning electron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... driven event requiring chemical reactions, thermosets are characterized as having rather long processing times. In contrast, thermoplastics are not chemically crosslinked with heat and therefore do not require long cure cycles. They are high molecular weight polymers that can be melted, consolidated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
.... The first section contains articles on the evaluation and characterization of engineering plastics during the stage of design and materials selection. The other sections contain articles on the physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical characteristics and analysis of plastics. The last section contains...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Chemicals in Laboratories ,” 29 CFR 1910.1450, Occupational Safety and Health Administration • U.S. Department of Labor , 1994 . “ Hazard Communication ,” 29 CFR 1910.1200, Federal Register 59 : 6126 – 6184 , Occupational Health and Safety Association • U.S. Department of Labor , 2003...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
.... Ind. London , 1978 , p 228 27. Liebman S.A. and Levy E.J. , chapter 35, Polymer Characterization , Cramer C.D. , Ed., ACS Advances in Chemistry Series, American Chemical Society , 1983 28. Billingham M.C. and Calvert P.D. , Degradation and Stabilization...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... electrons. Besides having an effect on image resolution, the effective sampled volume influences the results of chemical analysis made using the x-rays emitted by the sample. References 1. Goldstein J. , Newbury D.E. , Joy D.C. , Lyman C.E. , Echlin P...