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chemical analyses

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... to characterize cracking and fracture damage, and explains what to look for during macroscopic and microscopic examinations as well as chemical and metallographic analyses. It also includes nearly a dozen case studies investigating SCC failures in various materials. failure analysis macroscopic examination...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Spectroscopy). For extremely sensitive or delicate chemical analyses, one might prefer to use laser or Focused Ion Beam marking (FIB) to avoid chemical contamination to the target region. An analyst might also prefer to mark the desired cleave initiation point and/or final desired sample dimensions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Chemical analyses of steels and weld deposit Table 5 Chemical analyses of steels and weld deposit Sample Analysis, wt% C Mn Si P S Ni Cr Mo Al Fe Plate 1 0.25 0.88 <0.05 0.029 0.036 <0.05 <0.05 <0.03 <0.01 bal Plate 2 0.21 0.83 <0.05 0.03...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
..., but it is very useful for detecting some elements for which SIMS is not very sensitive. An ion sputtering capability is generally available to facilitate depth profiling. In general, XPS is most extensively used to obtain surface analyses with chemical bonding sensitivity. ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... of Fracture Surfaces 8. Metallographic Examination 9. Stress Analysis 10. Failure Modes 11. Chemical Analysis Visual Inspection Study of the Fracture Tensile Tests Cleaning Sectioning Secondary Cracks Ductile Fracture Features of Ductile Fracture Brittle Fracture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... pattern. Other useful tools are infrared spectroscopy for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of raw materials and, in certain cases, extent of cure; thermal analysis techniques, including differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric and thermomechanical analyses for chemical reactivity...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... of the materials at various temperatures to evaluate microstructure, forgeability, and special properties required. After final annealing, the strip is slit to desired width, cut into individual lengths, and inspected. Samples are sheared for tensile and bend tests plus chemical analyses. Foil processing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... granularity of the elements. The process may be done by hand for the case of three or fewer alternatives but is best done using a spreadsheet or one of several commonly available software packages for larger numbers of alternatives and/or “what-if” analyses. For techniques, the cost point comes down...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., Processing, and Use in Design , International Lead Zinc Research Organization , 1991 10.1201/9781482276947 • Zinc Alloy Castings: Product Design and Development , International Lead Zinc Research Organization , 1993 Zinc, its alloys, and its chemical compounds represent the fourth most...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
... and techniques presented in earlier chapters. It begins by identifying the fatigue regimes encountered in the main engines of the Space Shuttle. It then describes the types of damage observed in engine components and the methods used to mitigate problems. It also discusses the results of analyses that led...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., selection and preservation of fracture surfaces, macro and microfractography, metallographic analysis, mechanical testing, chemical analysis, and simulated service testing. References References 1. Practices in Failure Analysis , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Typical analyses and properties of major marine alloys Table 1 Typical analyses and properties of major marine alloys Alloy UNS Composition, % PREN (a) Yield strength Tensile strength Elongation, % Cr Mo N Ni MPa ksi MPa ksi 2101 S32101 21.5 0.3 0.22 1.5 26...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... processes is characteristically coarser than GA superalloy powders. Sieve and chemical analyses of Ti-6Al-4V REP powder used to make some demonstration aerospace components are given in Tables 7.3(a) and (b) . Figure 7.2 shows some parts made from PA powder. The principal method of consolidating PA...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... °C (2100 °F) for 10 min In some cases, one can recognize the suboptimal conditions directly from the chemical analyses of the various interstitials ( Table 9.5 ) and/or from the sintering conditions employed. (In the authors’ experience, gas analyses often exhibit excessive scatter due...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...Evaluation techniques for chemical characterization of surfaces Table 1 Evaluation techniques for chemical characterization of surfaces Technique Information Analysis depth Analysis area Detection limit Ease of use EDS Elemental <5 μm <1 μm <1 at.% Easy WDS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... that can be obtained and the level of detail. While most common analyses on fiber-reinforced composites are performed using reflected-light optical microscopy, a sample-preparation technique that enables transmitted-light analysis is extremely valuable ( Ref 1 ). At the ultrathin level, even opaque...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... material for uses as diverse as sculpture and concrete reinforcing bar. However, stainless steels are complex; they come in many different grades (chemical analyses), and these grades have varying strengths, appearance, resistance to corrosion, availability, and costs. The success of a building project...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... ): 317 – 325 . 10.1557/mrs.2014.52 [23] Thomson Joseph John . Rays of Positive Electricity and Their Application to Chemical Analyses . Vol. 1 . Longmans, Green and Company , 1921 . [24] Arnot F. L. , and Milligan J. C. . “ A New Process of Negative Ion Formation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
...Abstract Abstract Polymer composite materials are subject to degradation if not appropriately protected from the environment. Composite materials having polymeric matrices are susceptible to degradation from heat, sunlight, ozone, atomic oxygen (in space), moisture, solvents (chemicals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... of first repair weld 195–206 HAZ of second repair weld 203–209 HAZ of original weld 161–170 Base metal 150–160 Chemical analyses of steels and weld deposit Table 13 Chemical analyses of steels and weld deposit Sample Analysis, wt% C Mn Si P S Ni Cr Mo Al Fe...