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catastrophic failure

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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 4 Catastrophic failure of a graphite/aluminum MMC after 6 months in a marine atmosphere More
Image
Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 8 Catastrophic pipeline failure involving corrosion. Courtesy of Corrosioneering—the On-line Corrosion Journal More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Abstract Fracture control can be defined as a concerted effort to maintain operating safety without catastrophic failure by fracture. It requires an understanding of how cracks affect structural integrity and strength and the time that a crack can grow before it exceeds permissible size...
Image
Published: 01 November 2019
Fig 22 Plan view EBIC shows a top view of a stripe after aging. Defects originate at cleaving cracks at the bottom, and travel up and to the left. Once the defects cross the stripe, they quickly cause catastrophic failure. A drawing of this laser is also shown in figure 4 (after [4] ). More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... factory with extensive damage to the community. As the complexity of our technological systems increases, so do the possible catastrophic consequences of the failure. For understanding failures and their prevention, there is a need for the application of many disciplines of science and technology...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
...-welded high-energy piping failures 1986–2000 Cavitation and creep voids in welds resulting in catastrophic high-energy rupture Development of elevated-temperature life-assessment techniques for cavitation and creep failure Aloha incident, Boeing 737 1988 Accelerated corrosion and multiple fatigue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 March 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gvar.t59360107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-435-2
... of the fracture surface of the gear fragment. Original magnification: 500× Failure Analysis When catastrophic failure occurs in a gearbox with a mature (proven) design, as in the present case, it is reasonable to suspect that the gears may have been subjected to overload conditions. Analysis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... and condensate returns. The contamination of boiler feedwater (BFW) can be a slow, degenerative process or an instantaneous, catastrophic event. Boiler water chemistry control has a major role to play in averting boiler tube failure. Boiler water chemistry control is a very vast subject by itself...
Image
Published: 01 March 2006
Fig. 9.3 Catastrophic brittle fracture of a 260 in. diam rocket motor case during hydrotest. Failure occurred unexpectedly at about 50% of design pressure. Note size of case compared to the 6 ft tall men. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... for the lifetime of the structure under stress, then the dimensional changes in the structure are predictable. However, there is also the possibility of a more catastrophic type of creep failure, in which there is a sudden onset of large-scale yielding, or even fracture. First, the conditions for the onset...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... The fracture surface is highly reflective and may appear crystalline or granular, or it may contain facets, particularly in coarse-grained steels. Chevron marks or other surface features may be present. Fast fracture often results in catastrophic failure and may be accompanied by an audible noise...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... rotor blade failed by fatigue crack in the trailing edge center sheet, the crack originating at the bottom of a rivet hole. The final fracture occurred catastrophically by a sudden tearing off of the sheet metal. Failure Analysis of Engineering Structures: Methodology and Case Histories Copyright ©...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
..., and numerous other defects such as these have been known to cause catastrophic failures. These defects have been of particular concern with respect to components fabricated in the 1950’s when fabrication procedures as well as nondestructive qualification procedures were far inferior to those available today...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... and design for crack arrest. For most welded fabrications, the second option is not acceptable. Catastrophic failures are avoided by specifying adequate “initiation” toughness for both the weld area and the base material at the minimum design temperature. However, for applications such as storage vessels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1985
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sagf.t63420219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-452-9
... to the reader. A catastrophic failure in the field of operation requires a first-hand report from the operator. The field personnel examining a failed unit needs to accurately portray what he sees. The field representative must be exact in submitting details to the analyst. The analyst must make a sincere...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... interfaces in the composite ( Ref 10 ). Severe exfoliation occurs because of wedging of the hydrated alumina (Al 2 (OH) 3 ) corrosion products within the composite. Figure 4 shows an example of severe graphite/aluminum corrosion (known as catastrophic failure). This catastrophic condition can occur within...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... to the level of using the failure analysis to improve products and processes requires expertise in the various aspects of human relations and education, at the least. Failure analysis of a complex or catastrophic failure requires much more. Legal Ramifications People who perform failure analysis as part...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... plastic deformation, which can blunt a sharp crack, is not possible in brittle elastic solid materials, these materials will have a low plane-strain fracture toughness and are subject to sudden and catastrophic failures. More ductile materials, which can plastically deform and blunt cracks, will naturally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... a scientific approach and a broad knowledge of polymeric materials. Fig. 1 Steps for performing failure analysis. The steps are the same regardless of the material. Plastic components can fail via many different modes, including catastrophic mechanisms, such as brittle fracture, ductile overload...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... in a catastrophic brittlelike failure. This phenomenon also occurs with other plastics and other solvents. Conclusion The most probable cause of failure is acetone solvent-induced cracking. Solvent-induced cracking of the metal-framed ophthalmic lenses (but not the plastic-framed ophthalmic lenses) occurred...