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cast steel

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Abstract This chapter introduces the metallographer to the various types of steels and cast irons and explains how they are classified and defined. Classification and designation details are provided for plain carbon steels, alloy steels, and gray, white, ductile, and malleable cast irons...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract Cast irons, like steels, are iron-carbon alloys but with higher carbon levels than steels to take advantage of eutectic solidification in the binary iron-carbon system. Like steel, heat treatment of cast iron includes stress relieving, annealing, normalizing, through hardening, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the effect of composition and cooling rate on the microstructure and properties of cast irons and explains how they differ from steel. It describes the conditions under which white, gray, mottled (chilled), and nodular (ductile) cast irons are produced, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Abstract The commercial relevance of cast irons is best understood in the context of the iron-carbon phase diagram, where their composition places them near the eutectic point, which sheds light on why they melt at lower temperatures than steel and why they can be cast into more intricate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... lowest cost metal and it was easy to melt and cast. It still is low cost in places where manufacturers have been able to maintain the melting and casting technology. Cast iron is produced by melting steel scrap in the presence of coke in an inexpensive furnace called a cupola (or now, an electric...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
.... cast iron chemical composition fracture behavior microstructure solidification CAST IRONS DIFFER from high-carbon steels in several aspects, including the following two: They cannot be converted to 100% austenite during heat treatment. The other phase present in the austenite is...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... 445.2 are used to coat steel. (v) Used with Zn to coat steel. (w) 0.10% max Pb. (x) 0.003–0.007% Be, 0.005% max B. (y) 0.003–0.007% Be, 0.002 max B. Source: Aluminum Association Inc. Table A-2 (Part 7) Composition limits for unalloyed and alloyed aluminum castings ( xxx .0...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... iron is an alloy of iron, carbon, and silicon with a total carbon content much higher than that found in steel (see the right side of the iron-carbon equilibrium diagram shown in Fig. 1 ). Silicon is an important control element in cast iron and, therefore, must be given full consideration. The iron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... cast iron malleable cast iron compacted graphite cast iron IRON-CARBON ALLOYS with a carbon content of less than 2 wt% are normally classified as steels, while alloys with greater than 2 wt% C are classified as cast irons. The carbon content of the eutectic in the Fe-Fe 3 C system is 4.3 wt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... proeutectoid ferrite and cementite. It explains how ferrite and pearlite respond to deformation and how related features such as slip lines, dislocations, shear bands, and kinking can be detected as well as what they reveal. It also describes the structure of patented wires, cast steels, and sintered steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This chapter describes cast steel features that may be identified or attributed to component failure during heat treatment or subsequent processing or service, namely porosity (generated by the presence of gas as well as by shrinkage pores), decarburization, cold joint, and inclusions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... discovered many phases and microstructures associated with steel and gave them their now familiar names. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion on the emergence of continuous casting and the subsequent development of strip casting production techniques. steel steelmaking STEEL, a workable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... illustrated in Fig. 1 , which is the most commonly used casting method. Fig. 1 Simplified flow diagram of the basic operations for producing a steel casting. Similar diagrams can be applied to other ferrous and nonferrous alloys produced by sand molding. Source: Ref 1 The right side of Fig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... It should be recognized that this discussion on segregation is rather cursory. An examination of the segregation patterns in the aluminum-killed steel ingot of Fig. 7.10 shows the complexity of segregation that can be observed in real castings. While ingot homogenization treatments can be effective...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses ferrous metals, including low-carbon steels, stainless steels, and cast irons. It also provides information on hardening and hardenability and the tempering process. hardening tempering ferrous metals hardenability Jominy end-quench testing WHILE...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses the composition and classification of stainless steels and focuses on the processes involved in heat treatment and applications of these steels. The wrought and the cast stainless steels covered are ferritic, austenitic, duplex (ferritic-austenitic), martensitic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... intrinsic corrosion rate of the steel. Fusion welding produces a weld metal that, due to the high cooling rate, is effectively a chill casting containing a high density of lattice defects and segregation of elements ( Ref 8 ). A wide range of microstructures can be developed in a weldment based on cooling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
..., and more complex molds of sand and clay mixtures evolved. These methods were duplicated later for other metals including iron and steel. The relatively attractive engineering properties of aluminum—low melting point and castability—quickly led to the adoption of existing casting processes and to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... developed, and more complex molds of sand and clay mixtures evolved. These methods were duplicated later for other metals including iron and steel. The relatively attractive engineering properties of aluminum—low melting point and castability—quickly led to the adoption of existing casting processes and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
..., other cast alloys using this process include gold (jewelry), specialty steels, superalloys, and titanium (aerospace and defense applications). The process derives its name from the ceramic slurry that is “invested,” or enveloped, over a net shape wax pattern to create the ceramic mold. Another name...