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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Abstract The commercial relevance of cast irons is best understood in the context of the iron-carbon phase diagram, where their composition places them near the eutectic point, which sheds light on why they melt at lower temperatures than steel and why they can be cast into more intricate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the effect of composition and cooling rate on the microstructure and properties of cast irons and explains how they differ from steel. It describes the conditions under which white, gray, mottled (chilled), and nodular (ductile) cast irons are produced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Abstract This chapter introduces the metallographer to the various types of steels and cast irons and explains how they are classified and defined. Classification and designation details are provided for plain carbon steels, alloy steels, and gray, white, ductile, and malleable cast irons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract The properties of cast iron are determined primarily by the form of carbon they contain, which in turn, is controlled by modifying compositions and cooling rates during casting. Certain alloys (such as Si, Al, Ni, Co, and Cu) promote graphite formation, while others (such as S, V, Cr...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses the composition, properties, microstructure, grain formation, and fracture behavior of gray, white, ductile, and malleable cast iron and how these critical factors are affected when iron is heated to different temperatures prior to or during solidification...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... Abstract This chapter is a detailed account of heat treating techniques for cast irons (gray and ductile), providing the reader with a basic understanding of the differences among various types of cast irons and the concept of carbon equivalent. The types of heat treatments discussed are stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Abstract This chapter covers the friction and wear behaviors of cast irons. It describes the microstructure and metallurgy of gray, white, malleable, and ductile cast irons, their respective tensile properties, and their suitability for applications involving friction, various types of erosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract Cast irons, like steels, are iron-carbon alloys but with higher carbon levels than steels to take advantage of eutectic solidification in the binary iron-carbon system. Like steel, heat treatment of cast iron includes stress relieving, annealing, normalizing, through hardening...
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Published: 01 December 1995
Fig. 3-24 Comparison of Young’s modulus for wrought alloys, cast irons and cast steel ( 1 ) More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 16.4 Carbon and silicon composition ranges for various cast irons and silicon-containing steels More
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Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 14 Effect of silicon content on the critical temperature in cast irons. Source: Ref 10 More
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Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 5 Effect of chromium content on the oxidation behavior of alloy cast irons More
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Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 6 Oxidation behavior of alloyed cast irons held at temperature for 200 h More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 17.6 Ranges of carbon and silicon contents typical of the most common cast irons. These limits are approximate and given only as guidance. A region representing the typical range of chemical composition of steels is also indicated. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 17.64 Mottled gray iron. Dark areas are regions of gray cast irons (the contours are not as clear as in Fig. 17.63 ). The rest of the cross section is white cast iron. Etchant: picral. More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 17.85 Ductile cast irons with ferrite plus pearlite matrixes, with different volume fractions of ferrite. The ferrite is formed preferentially around the graphite nodules. Decreasing the ferrite volume fraction increases the strength, as in the case of steels. Courtesy of J. Sertucha More
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 10.9 Classification of cast irons More
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 10.10 Carbon and silicon composition ranges of common cast irons and steel. Source: Ref 10.4 More
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 10.21 Austempering process for cast irons. Source: Ref 10.2 More
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 10.23 Dynamic fracture toughness of cast irons. (a) Ferritic matrix. (b) Pearlitic matrix. Source: Ref 10.12 More