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cast iron applications

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
..., malleable iron, compacted graphite iron (CGI), ductile iron, austempered ductile iron (ADI), and carbon steel and low-alloy steel; its versatile attributes; and its individual applications. A large section of the chapter covers the impact of electric vehicles on the future of the iron and steel castings...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... on microstructure by base elements and alloying elements. Graphitization, cooling rates, and heat treatment effects are covered. There also is discussion on inoculation benefits, flake graphite types and typical applications, evolution of cast iron types, ASTM specification A247 for graphite shapes, and selection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the friction and wear behaviors of cast irons. It describes the microstructure and metallurgy of gray, white, malleable, and ductile cast irons, their respective tensile properties, and their suitability for applications involving friction, various types...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... service applications. Fig. 8.1 Malleable iron applications, (a) pole line iron fitting; (b) malleable fitting. Source: Ref 1 . Courtesy of American Foundry Society (AFS) 8.2 Malleabilization Process Malleable iron is produced by first casting iron of suitable compositions to produce...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.9781627083324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... alloy grades and applications. abrasion resistance high-alloy white iron Composition Introduction and Overview The high-alloy white irons are primarily used for abrasion-resistant applications and are readily cast in the shapes needed in the machinery used for crushing, grinding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... of aluminum when developing applications, especially when converting from ductile iron and steel stampings. Table 1.2 summarizes the limitations of aluminum for castings applications. Aluminum casting limitations Table 1.2 Aluminum casting limitations Limitations Detail Cost Cost...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... of applications in markets such as automotive, truck, agriculture, construction, and wind power equipment. The full potential of austempered ductile iron (ADI) is realized when product designers and casting engineers work together to identify the best candidates for the unique material attributes. Ductile...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... and feeder design are then provided. Further, the chapter addresses the technology of ductile iron castings, including the performance and geometric attributes, molding and core-making processes used, material grades, mechanical properties, and chemical compositions of a few applications. Finally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
.... Ductile Iron, also referred to as nodular iron (or S.G. iron in Europe), is a cast iron which does have some ductility. Applications for this material have grown dramatically in the past 30 years, and it has supplanted malleable iron in most cases. Ductile iron has been used for steel applications where...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... intricate molds and can form complex shapes. Most applications require very little finishing, so cast irons are used for a wide variety of small parts as well as large ones. Familiar applications include exhaust manifolds and brake drums in automotive applications, gas burners in home furnaces, and frames...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... to be reduced for use as cast iron or as steel. The rest of the main elements need to be controlled. Alloying elements are added in further processing based on the applications and performance requirements. The grades of cast iron vary depending on the functional performance needs of the components. Hence...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers mechanical properties, microstructures, chemical compositions, manufacturing processes, and engineering of gating practices for several applications of gray, white, and alloyed cast irons. It begins with a description of material standards, followed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the metallurgy and properties of ductile cast iron. It begins with an overview of ductile or spheroidal-graphite iron, describing the specifications, applications, and compositions. It then discusses the importance of composition control and explains how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... specified in ASTM A 48. The SAE has also classified gray iron for automotive applications by specification SAE J431. There are five grades of gray cast iron included in SAE J431, as follows: As one can see, the grade number is linked to the minimum tensile strength in ksi, as it is in ASTM A 48...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... their compositional ranges, distinguishing features, advantages, limitations, and applications. cast iron cooling rate graphite formation cementite formation silicon aluminum nickel cobalt copper sulfur vanadium chromium tin molybdenum manganese microstructure white cast iron gray cast iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
...) is a cast iron grade that is engineered through graphite morphology modifications to achieve a combination of thermal and mechanical properties that are in between those of flake graphite iron and ductile iron. Such a modification of graphite in CGI meets the performance needs of demanding applications...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...%. High-alloy gray irons contain more than 4% total alloy content and include austenitic nickel-alloyed gray irons and high-silicon gray irons. These more highly alloyed cast irons are used for corrosion-resistant and/or heat-resistant applications. The metallurgy of gray irons is extremely complex...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... Because the thermal conductivity of CG iron is higher than that of ductile iron, CG iron is preferred for castings operating at elevated temperature and/or under thermal fatigue conditions. Applications include ingot molds, crankcases, cylinder heads, exhaust manifolds, and brake disks. Composition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... Silica Olivine Chromite Zircon Casting applications Gray iron Malleable iron Ductile iron Steel (small and thin walled) Steel (medium sized and medium wall thickness) Steel (medium to thick walled) Steel (selected locations, thick walled) Average grain fineness: American Foundry Society...