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cast ingots

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Image
Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 6.1 Two DC cast ingots. Courtesy of Novelis More
Image
Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 2.9 Typical structure of a cast ingot with many small grains at the surface and columnar grains extending into the interior. Source: Ref 2.1 More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 16.21 AISI 304 steel, as-cast ingot. Delta ferrite in an austenitic matrix. (a) Etchant: oxalic acid. (b) Etchant: glyceregia. Courtesy of Villares Metals S.A., Sumaré, SP, Brazil. More
Image
Published: 01 December 1999
Fig. 5.23 Section through a conventionally cast ingot More
Image
Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 24 As-cast Al-7Si ingots showing the effects of grain refinement. (a) No grain refiner. (b) Grain-refined. Both etched using Poulton’s etch; both 2x More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 4.4 As-cast Al-7Si ingots showing the effects of grain refinement. (a) No grain refiner. (b) Grain refined. Both etched using Poulton’s etch; both 2×. Courtesy of W.G. Lidman, KB Alloys Inc. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
..., molten metal treatment, control of inclusions, ingot grain refinement, and direct chill (DC) or continuous casting. aluminum alloys belt casters continuous casting direct chill ingot casting inclusions melting molten metal processing scrap charging Direct chill (DC) ingots used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., macro- and microsegregation, and hot cracking, as well as the effects of solidification and remelting on castings, ingots, and continuous cast products. It explains how to determine where defects originate in continuous casters and how to control alumina, sulfide, and nitride inclusions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the rolling and finishing processes required to create a sheet, plate, or foil product from a direct chill (DC) cast ingot. The flow paths, equipment, and operations are described with a view to the basic evolution of the microstructure, surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... involved in converting cast ingots into mill products. argon oxygen decarburization cast ingots electric arc furnace melting electroslag remelting mill products superalloys vacuum arc remelting vacuum induction melting Solidification of Superalloys Introduction The solidification...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract This chapter describes the general characteristics of two commonly classified metalworking processes, namely hot working and cold working. Primary metalworking processes, such as the bulk deformation processes used to conduct the initial breakdown of cast ingots, are always conducted...
Image
Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 9.1 Titanium ingot at the start of press forging. Ingot breakdown is done in a press with open flat dies so that the deformation rate can be controlled more closely and the as-cast ingot structure can be worked with less danger of cracking. More
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 6.10 Ingot breakdown with a two-column 1000-ton pull-down open-die forging press. Cast ingots positioned with 6-ton railbound manipulator. Courtesy of AK Steel More
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Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 23 Laminations in rolled steel sheet resulting from insufficient cropping of the pipe from the top of a conventionally cast ingot. Courtesy of V. Demski, Teledyne Rodney Metals. Source: Ref 14 More
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Published: 01 April 2004
Fig. 5.32 Tensile strength and elongation to failure of Sn-9Zn solders doped with lanthanum. The samples were chill-cast ingots of solder, 25 mm (1 in.) long by 5 mm (0.2 in.) in diameter, tested at room temperature and a strain rate of 5 × 10 –3 /s. RE, rare earth More
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Published: 01 April 2004
Fig. 5.31 Tensile strength and elongation to failure of Ag-96.5Sn solders doped with cerium and lanthanum. The samples were chill-cast ingots of solder, 20 mm (0.8 in.) long by 10 mm (0.4 in.) in diameter, tested at room temperature and a strain rate of 4 × 10 –3 /s. RE, rare earth More
Image
Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 4.9 Ingot casting. (a) Tilt mold ingot casting for aluminum, used prior to invention of DC casting. (b) Rolling ingot from direct chill casters with mold frame in background. Source: Ref 4.12 . Courtesy of Loma Machine More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... metal is tapped into ladle cars on rails. This is transported to the pig casting house for casting into ingots called pigs . Molten metal tapped into ladle cars for further processing to steel is transported to converters. The pig iron that is produced has a composition of high carbon, sulfur...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... has been achieved and the proper temperature reached, the heat is poured into a ladle and transferred to the casting (teeming) station. Ingots can be either top or bottom poured. Teeming rates are higher in bottom pouring since several molds are filled simultaneously from a common down sprue. Bottom...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... or an electric arc furnace to produce steel that usually has a carbon content of less than 1 wt%. After the pig iron has been reduced to steel, it is cast into ingots or continuously cast into slabs. Cast steels are then hot worked to improve homogeneity, refine the as-cast microstructure, and fabricate desired...