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case depth

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... core properties including hardenability, microstructure, tensile and yield strength, ductility, toughness, and fatigue resistance. It likewise explains how carbon affects case hardenability, surface hardness, and case toughness and how case depth influences residual stresses and bending and contact...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... familiarizes readers with the steps involved in determining case depth and verifying that case carbon requirements have been met. case hardening eutectoid carbon content Carbon case hardening, through natural evolution, commercialism, and economics, has become a process for which the possible...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... Abstract The results of certain heat treating processes must be verified for case quality and case depth by destructively sectioning a part or parts that were subjected to the process. Test coupons or test pins are often used for diffusion processes such as carburizing, carbonitriding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... operations may be required before or after processing and how to estimate or predict coating thickness, case depth, hardness, and the likelihood of distortion. It also addresses related issues and considerations such as part handling and fixturing, surface preparation and cleaning requirements...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... Abstract This chapters discusses the considerations involved in the qualification and analysis of induction hardening treatments. The discussion covers material selection and prior heat treatment, hardness and case depth, frequency selection, power density and heating time, part and process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the methods and procedures used for inspecting induction-hardened parts. It provides information on hardness and case depth measurements, nondestructive testing and surface analysis, the effect of various hardening errors, and relevant test standards. case...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... Abstract This appendix illustrates the effect of various operating parameters on the case depth or thickness of scan hardened components. scan hardening through hardening Fig. A2.1 Scan hardening for 3 kHz. Source: Ref 1 Fig. A2.2 Scan hardening for 10 kHz. Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... Process Nature of case Process temperature, °C (°F) Typical case depth Case hardness, HRC Carburizing Pack Diffused carbon 815–1090 (1500–2000) 125 μm–1.5 mm (5–60 mils) 50–63 (a) Gas Diffused carbon 815–980 (1500–1800) 75 μm–1.5 mm (3–60 mils) 50–63 (a) Liquid Diffused...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This chapter presents various case histories that illustrate a variety of failure mechanisms experienced by the high-strength steel components in aerospace applications. The components covered are catapult holdback bar, AISI 420 stainless steel roll pin, main landing gear (MLG) lever...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... discusses the carburizing process, the factors that determine the depth and gradient of the carburized case, the effect of post-process treatments, and a variation on the process known as ferritic carbonitriding. carburizing decarburization oxide scales surface oxidation The surface of a steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... selected that are both higher than the critical frequency and high enough to generate the desired skin effect heating for production of the specified case. Once the critical frequency is reached, the case depth requirements will help in frequency selection because lower frequencies have deeper reference...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
..., and laws of friction are introduced as a group of subjects that have been considered in the case studies. Added factors that were evaluated in the case studies are: Crankshaft underfill: induction coil inside diameter and stock diameter, equivalent current depth and subsequent time for...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... as through-hardening, but one must consider case depth and determine an adequate range that is thick enough for the application loads. As shown by wear test results in this chapter, other species diffusion treatments that infuse elements such as boron, vanadium, and titanium can create cases that...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., process availability might negate the selection of plasma carburizing over conventional methods, despite the reduced carburizing times and more uniform case depths associated with plasma methods. A similar situation exists for gas nitriding and plasma (ion) nitriding. The more specialized pack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... or thermochemical treatments (carburizing, nitriding, etc.) Evaluation of hardening depth Investigation of the manufacturing process of tubes and pipes (seamless, welded, and, in this case, welding process) Evaluation of the extension of the heat-affected zone in a weld (in this case the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.... Contacts with clients referred by vendors should not be overlooked for added experience. At this point, the list of candidate materials should be narrowed to a reasonable number for in-depth evaluation. Final selections should not be based solely on the above data sources because, in most cases, the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... each electrode, accounting for different variables, mechanisms, and electrochemical effects. The chapter concludes with an in-depth review of Pourbaix diagrams, explaining what they reveal about the stability of metal-water systems and the formation of corrosion products. electrochemical cell...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the tools and techniques of light microscopy and how they are used in the study of materials. It reviews the basic physics of light, the inner workings of light microscopes, and the relationship between resolution and depth of field. It explains the difference...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Abstract This chapter describes the various features of the metallurgical microscope. Key concepts are defined such as resolving power, the virtual image, bright- and dark-field illumination, numerical aperture, focal length, image contrast, depth of field, and spherical and chromatic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... susceptible to corrosion. This chapter describes some of the problems that the pulp and paper industry has solved as well as ongoing issues and concerns. It includes an in-depth review of 304L cladding failures involving coextruded composite tubes used as floor tunes in the lower furnace, as superheater tubes...