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carbon-matrix composites

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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 1.4 Crystallinity in thermoplastic-matrix carbon fiber composites. (a) Crystalline region in the center area of a woven carbon fabric composite cross section. Ultrathin section, transmitted polarized light with a full wave plate (540 nm), 20× objective. (b) Fiber-induced spherulite growth More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 1.10 Multiphase thermosetting-matrix composites. (a) Carbon fiber composite cross section. Etched and viewed using reflected-light phase contrast, 25× objective. (b) Glass fiber composite ultrathin section. Transmitted light, 20× objective. (c) Carbon fiber composite cross section having More
Image
Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 11.7 Micrographs of an untoughened-matrix carbon fiber composite material after impact damage. (a) Fracture morphology showing no signs of hackle formation. Transmitted polarized light, full wave plate, 40× objective. (b) Area ahead of the crack tip. Transmitted polarized light, full wave More
Image
Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 6.11 Micrographs of a thermoset-matrix carbon fiber composite material comparing the use of two different ramp rates in the cure cycle. (a) 2.8 °C/min (5 °F/min). Transmitted light, phase contrast, 20× objective. (b) 0.56 °C/min (1 °F/min). Transmitted light, phase contrast, 20× objective More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., continuous fiber ceramic composites, and carbon-carbon composites. It also describes a number of ceramic-matrix composite processing methods, including cold pressing and sintering, hot pressing, reaction bonding, directed metal oxidation, and liquid, vapor, and polymer infiltration. ceramic-matrix...
Image
Published: 01 October 2012
Fig. 11.4 Relative material temperature limits. CFRP, carbon fiber-reinforced plastic; GMC, glass-matrix composite; MMC, metal-matrix composite; GCMC, glass-ceramic-matrix composite; CMC, ceramic-matrix composite; C-C, carbon-carbon; SiAlON, silicon-aluminum-oxynitride. Source: Ref 11.1 More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 21.1 Relative material temperature limits. Carbon-carbon (C-C), carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP), ceramic matrix composite (CMC), carbon-silicon carbide (C-SiC), glass-ceramic matrix composite (GCMC), metal matrix composite (MMC), silicon-aluminum-oxygen-nitrogen (SIALON) More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... Carbon-carbon (C-C), carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP), ceramic matrix composite (CMC), carbon-silicon carbide (C-SiC), glass-ceramic matrix composite (GCMC), metal matrix composite (MMC), silicon-aluminum-oxygen-nitrogen (SIALON) While reinforcements such as fibers, whiskers, or particles...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... Fig. 12.1 Schematic of a method used to determine the thickness of an ultrathin section Fig. 12.2 Micrographs taken from ultrathin sections of a high-temperature thermoplastic-matrix carbon fiber composite that were exposed to different cooling rates. (a) Slow cooled. (b) Fast cooled...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
..., 10× objective. (b) Area under the strike zone showing matrix crazing due to the impact. Bright-field illumination, 10× objective. (c) Local hot spot in a composite. Bright-field illumination, 10× objective Fig. 15.15 Lightning strike damage in a carbon fiber composite material showing fiber...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... analysis of composites exposed to high temperatures or fire significantly more difficult. Fig. 14 Fiber/matrix interfacial failure in a carbon/epoxy (AS4/3501-6) test specimen after full moisture saturation and mode 1 tension loading at 130 °C (270 °F). 480× Fig. 15 Carbon fibers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... on the Cryogenic Microcracking of Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Composites , J. Appl. Polym. Sci. , Vol 90 , 2003 , p 2268 – 2275 10.1002/app.12900 5. Timmerman J.F. , Hayes B.S. , and Seferis J.C. , Cryogenic Microcracking of Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Composites: Influences of Fiber-Matrix Adhesion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... Fig. 11.1 Micrograph of impact damage of a 32-ply (+45/0/–45/90) 4s , high-temperature thermoplastic-matrix carbon fiber composite. Bright-field illumination, 65 mm macrophotograph Fig. 11.2 Cross section of an impact-damaged carbon fiber composite that was mounted with Rhodamine-B...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., damage tolerance, and testing and certification. composite laminates continuous carbon-fiber composites continuous-fiber polymer-matrix composites damage tolerance fatigue failure mechanisms A COMPOSITE MATERIAL can be defined as a combination of two or more materials that results...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... a lower modulus and thus less stiffness than carbon fiber composites, glass fiber composites have fatigue properties that are not as good as those of carbon or aramid fiber composites ( Fig. 14.1 ). In general, stiffer fibers such as carbon, and to some extent aramid, strain the matrix less during fatigue...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... reinforcements include glass, boron, aramid fiber, and carbon. Properties of some epoxy matrix composite systems are given in Table 10.1 . Properties of some commonly used fibers are given in Table 10.2 . Properties of epoxy matrix composites Table 10.1 Properties of epoxy matrix composites Fiber...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... matrix absorbs moisture from the atmosphere, it reduces the glass transition temperature T g in the manner shown for the carbon/epoxy and carbon/bismaleimide composites in Fig. 15.2 . As moisture is absorbed, the temperature at which the matrix changes from a glassy solid to a softer, more viscous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
.... Ultraviolet-Light Effects on Composite Materials Heat Effects on Composite Material Surfaces Atomic Oxygen Effects on Composite Surfaces The rugged appearance of the surface of the carbon fiber/polyimide-matrix composite specimen shown in Fig. 14.5 ( a and b ) is typical for the polymer...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... parameters for carbon/epoxy are cold-dry tension and hot-wet compression ( Fig. 1.22 ). An important design factor in the selection of a matrix resin for elevated-temperature applications is the cured glass transition temperature. The cured glass transition temperature ( T g ) of a polymeric material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
..., montage. (c) 3k-70 woven carbon fabric laminate. Bright-field illumination, 5× objective, montage Fig. 1.2 Composite materials made from different types of fibers. (a) Woven glass fiber fabric composite revealing a multiphase-matrix morphology. Ultrathin section, transmitted-light phase contrast...