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carbon-epoxy composites

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... throughout the chapter are supported by numerous images, diagrams, and data plots. References References 1. Campbell F.C. , Mallow A.R. , and Carpenter J.F. , Chemical Composition and Processing of Carbon/Epoxy Composites , American Society of Composites, Second Technical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... to that of metals. The comparison of the normalized notched specimen fatigue response of a common aircraft metal, 7075-T6 aluminum, and a carbon/epoxy laminate is shown in Fig. 9 . The fatigue strength of the composite is much higher relative to its static or residual strength. The static or residual-strength...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... • Carpenter J.F. , Physiochemical Testing of Altered Composition 3501-6 Epoxy Resin , 24th National SAMPE Symposium , San Francisco, CA , 8–9 May 1979 • Carpenter J.F. , “ Processing Science for AS/3501-6 Carbon/Epoxy Composites ,” Technical Report N00019-81-C-0184 , Naval Air...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
.... Fig. 8.14 Laminate construction. Source: Ref 8.1 Because fibers provide the strength and stiffness, it is appropriate to consider fiber selection first. Some comparative mechanical properties for unidirectional composites made from E-glass/epoxy, aramid/epoxy, high-strength carbon/epoxy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... for Testing and Materials , 2004 4. Baile J.A. , Duggan M.F. , Bradshaw N.C. , and McKenzie T.G. , “ Design Data for Carbon Cloth Epoxy Bolted Joints at Temperatures up to 450K ,” ASTM STP 749, Joining of Composite Materials , American Society for Testing and Materials , 1981...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... and Post-Impact Compression Fatigue of Stitched and Unstitched Carbon/Epoxy Composites ,” Report TM 102676, NASA , June 1990 8.46. Palmer R.J. , Dow M.B. , and Smith D.L. , Development of Stitching Reinforcement for Transport Wing Panels , First NASA Advanced Composites...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... of fiber will yield a different volume fraction of fiber for carbon, aramid, and glass. Cured resin content is usually expressed as weight percent, the value for a 60 fiber volume percent carbon/epoxy composite means a resin content of around 30 percent by weight and a 70 percent fiber content by weight...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
...; more expensive at higher-volume scale Thermosets cannot be recycled. Carbon-fiber composites Some drive shafts, bumpers, roof, beams, and internal structures Highest strength-to-weight ratio, offering significant weight-savings benefit Same as glass-fiber composites High cost of fibers ($13–22/kg...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
...Typical properties of unidirectional composite materials Table 14.1 Typical properties of unidirectional composite materials Property E glass/epoxy Aramid/epoxy High-strength carbon/epoxy Intermediate-modulus carbon/epoxy Specific gravity 2.1 1.38 1.58 1.64 0° tensile...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... 15.9 Moisture absorption profiles as a function of thickness. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 15.10 Moisture absorption and desorption for carbon/epoxy Abstract Abstract This chapter describes the conditions under which environmental degradation is likely to occur in polymer matrix composites...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... of the glass fibers in a glass/polyimide composite tested as a notched four-point bend specimen that failed in compression. 1800× Fig. 1 River patterns on the surface of a mode I tensile failure in a carbon/epoxy (AS4/3501-6) composite laminate. Overall crack-growth direction is from left to right...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... temperatures, and monolithic graphite or ceramics for very high temperatures. Tools for autoclave curing traditionally have been made of either steel or aluminum. Electroformed nickel became popular in the early 1980s, followed by the introduction of carbon/epoxy and carbon/bismaleimide composite tools...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
...Fiber designations Table A1.1 Fiber designations Fiber designation Type Commercial source AS-4 High-strength carbon/graphite Hexcel T-400 Carbon/graphite Toray, SGL T-650 Carbon/graphite Toray IM-7 Intermediate-modulus carbon/graphite Toray M46J High-modulus...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... not be achieved with individual materials because of the inclusion of reinforcing material. Some examples of composites are concrete, which is a composite of cement, sand, and gravel; steel-belted tires; plywood with alternating directions of fibers; carbon or glass fiber-reinforced polyester; and epoxy used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
...) Standard Test Method for Matrix Solids Content and Matrix Content of Composite Prepreg ASTM D 3530/D 3530M-97(2008) Standard Test Method for Volatiles Content of Composite Material Prepreg ASTM D 3531-99(2009) Standard Test Method for Resin Flow of Carbon Fiber-Epoxy Prepreg ASTM D 4018-99(2008...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... energy cutoff diagram. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 18.12 Hot-wet allowable design envelope Fig. 18.5 Common composite stiffening approaches Fig. 18.6 Fabrication and assembly options Fig. 18.4 Typical carpet plots for carbon/epoxy tape Fig. 18.1 Product forms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... per ply thickness depends on resin system, resin content, and processing conditions. Typical properties of 0° tape carbon/epoxy laminates Table 2.3 Typical properties of 0° tape carbon/epoxy laminates Property Fiber type AS-4 AS-4 IM-6 AS-4 Resin type 3502 3501-6 3501-6...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... (no Zn 0 ); gives brittle fracture. C, Carbon is all aliphatic, therefore not polymeric. Specimen   Atom percentages Grazing Normal Strong bond Carbon 95 82 Oxygen 3 10 Tin 2 8 Weak bond Carbon 79 59 Oxygen 14 24 Tin 4 11 Zinc 3 7 Epoxy prepreg...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... k = 0–0.11 k = 0–0.20 Friction coefficients are determined empirically. Predicted versus measured properties for carbon- and aramid-fiber composites Table 9.9 Predicted versus measured properties for carbon- and aramid-fiber composites Parameter Predicted T-800/epoxy Measured T...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... for removing too much resin and exposing the carbon fibers is higher for hand sanding than it is for grit blasting. If it is not possible to use a peel ply on a surface requiring adhesive bonding, the surface can be precleaned (prior to surface abrasion) with a solvent such as methyl ethyl ketone to remove...