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carbon steel

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract This chapter describes the designations of carbon and low-alloy steels and their general characteristics in terms of their response to hardening and mechanical properties. The steels covered are low-carbon steels, higher manganese carbon steels, boron-treated carbon steels, H-steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... the applications of particular types or grades of carbon and low-alloy steels. The discussion covers carbon steel classification for heat treating, tempering of quenched carbon steels, and austempering of steel. In addition, the chapter discusses the effects of alloying and hardenability on steel and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This appendix is a collection of tables listing coefficients of linear thermal expansion for carbon and low-alloy steels, presenting a summary of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, and heat capacity; and listing thermal conductivities and specific heats of carbon and low-alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This appendix is a collection of selected continuous cooling transformation diagrams for carbon steels; Mn steels; Mn-Mo, Mn-Ce, Mn-Ni-Mo, and Mn-Ni-CrMo steels; silicon steels; nickel steels; Ni-Cr-Mo steels; and chromium steels. continuous cooling transformation diagrams...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This appendix is a collection of isothermal diagrams for carbon steels, chromium-molybdenum steels, nickel-chromium-molybdenum steels, nickel-molybdenum steels, and chromium steels. isothermal diagrams carbon steels chromium-molybdenum steels nickel-chromium-molybdenum steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This appendix contains a table listing cross-references of standard SAE carbon and low-alloy steels to selected chemically similar steels. carbon steel low-alloy steel non-AISI steels AISI steels Table A7.1 Cross-references of standard SAE carbon steels to selected...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This appendix consists of tables listing temperatures recommended for austenitizing carbon and low-alloy steels prior to hardening. austenitizing temperature carbon steel low-alloy steel TEMPERATURES RECOMMENDED for austenitizing carbon and low-alloy steels prior to...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... Abstract The first step in the hardening of steel is getting it hot enough to form austenite, from which martensite can form upon quenching. Not all steels have the same austenitization requirements, however. High-carbon wear-resistant steels, such as bearing and tool steels, require the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... Abstract This chapter explains the definition of carbon steels and lists the Unified Numbering System designations and the compositions that are universally accepted by steel producers and fabricators. Compositions of higher hardenability carbon steels (higher manganese grades and/or boron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... discusses the advantages of boost/diffuse carburizing cycles. A table lists typical carburizing constants and boost/diffusion ratios needed to obtain a 0.80 to 0.90% surface carbon content in a low-alloy, low-carbon steel. A figure illustrates possible carbon penetration profiles from boost/diffuse cycles...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article discusses the role of alloying in the production and use of carbon and low-alloy steels. It explains how steels are defined and selected based on alloy content and provides composition and property data for a wide range of designations and grades. It describes the effect...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article discusses the effects of alloying on the properties and behaviors of maraging steels. It describes how maraging steels differ from conventional steels in that they are strengthened, not by carbon, but by the precipitation of intermetallic compounds. It explains how...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... phosphorus irons, low-carbon and silicon steels, ferritic stainless steels, and nickel-iron and iron-cobalt alloys. alloying magnetically soft iron alloys ferromagnetic properties Composition Magnetic metals and alloys are broadly classified into two groups with either hard or soft...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., plain carbon steels, but by 1868 and increasingly in the early 20th century, many complex, highly alloyed tool steels were developed. These tool steels contain, among other elements, relatively large amounts of tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium, manganese, and chromium, and they make it possible to meet...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... high-strength low-alloy steel microalloying Composition High-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steels, or microalloyed steels, are designed to provide better mechanical properties and/or greater resistance to atmospheric corrosion than conventional carbon steels. They are not considered to be...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... carbon. Although malleable iron has largely been replaced by ductile iron, the article explains that it is still sometimes preferred for thin-section castings that require maximum machinability and wear resistance. The article also discusses the annealing and alloying processes by which these properties...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., manganese, molybdenum, copper, titanium, silicon, niobium, aluminum, sulfur, and selenium. Carbon is normally present in amounts ranging from less than 0.03% to over 1.0% in certain grades. Figure 1 provides a useful summary of some of the compositional and property linkages in the stainless steel family...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... the formation of carbides along grain boundaries and other interdendritic areas and, to some degree, affects nearly all commercial castings except the very smallest. Figure 1 shows A cm temperatures for 13% Mn steels containing between 0.6 and 1.4% C. Figure 2 shows the effects of carbon and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... finishing of carbon and alloy steels, stainless steels, ductile irons, free-machining aluminum and other nonferrous alloys, and some high-temperature alloys. The metal removal operations may include turning, boring, milling, threading, and grooving. Steel-bonded carbides are P/M materials that are...