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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... Microstructure of Superalloys , Gordon and Breach Science Publishers , Amsterdam , 1997 , p 1 – 124 15. Fuchs G.E. and Boutwell B. , Modelling of the Partitioning and Phase Transformation Temperatures of an As-Cast Third Generation Single Crystal Ni-Base Superalloy , Mater. Sci. Eng. A...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... performance of the design process of a component. A heat-transfer model, coupling with a phase transformation model, a thermomechanical model, and a thermochemical model, is also considered. The chapter further provides information on the failure aspects of and heat treatment procedures applied to welded...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the progress that has been made in the development of superalloy operating temperatures, properties, and performance. It also provides forward-looking projections based on advances in process modeling, alloying, and production techniques. superalloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... wrought includes powder metallurgy processing) macrostructures. In addition to macrostructure, there are crystal structure (on an atomic level) and microstructure (visible under the microscope). Metals tend to have relatively simple crystal structures. When hard sphere models representing the crystal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... the grain boundaries of α, then the strength and ductility of the alloy is largely dictated by properties of the β phase. Additional examples of applications of phase diagrams developed by thermodynamics modeling and computer simulation are given in Chapter 13, “Computer Simulation of Phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... Model and FE Simulation for the Sintering Process of Powder Compacts , Comput. Mater. Sci. , Vol 18 , 2000 , p 93 – 101 10.1016/S0927-0256(00)00090-2 • Gerdes T. , Willert-Porada M. , and Rodiger K. , Microwave Sintering of Tungsten Carbide Cobalt Hardmetals , Mater. Res. Soc...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
.... Krauss G. , Steels: Heat Treatment and Processing Principles , ASM International , 1990 , p 286 9. Stickels C.A. and Mack C.M. , Overview of Carburizing Processes and Modeling , Carburizing Processing and Performance , Krauss G. , Ed., ASM International , 1989 , p 1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... becoming more effective in modeling phase transformations. Fig. 9.22 A continuous cooling transformation (CCT) diagram for 1.25Cr-0.20 Mo steel (4140-4142) that was austenitized at 860 °C (1580 °F). The vertical lines in the upper diagram give the cooling rate for the center of bars with different...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
.... An information flow model (including the use of a coordinate measuring machine but neglecting heat treatment and coating) is presented in Fig. 21.9 . As seen in this figure, forging dies are primarily manufactured by three- or four-axis computer numerical controlled (CNC) milling, EDM, or a...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
...″ particle size. Also, γ″ has a disk morphology, not a globular morphology (cuboidal or spheroidal) as shown by γ′. The correlation between strength and γ′ size, although commonly made with model alloys in laboratories, sometimes may be difficult to prove out in commercial alloys over the range of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... shows that the activation energy for creep ( Q ) is equal to the activation energy for self-diffusion ( Fig. 3 ). Fig. 3 Correlation between diffusion and creep activation energies. Source: Ref 3 Equation 2 is a power law relation that provides a basis for modeling creep rates as a...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... thermal evaporation and sputtering may produce quite different fine structures within similar microstructures, zone 1 in the Movchan and Demchishin diagram is sometimes referred to as zone 1′ in the Thornton diagram ( Ref 22.36 ). Fig. 22.8 Schematic diagram of structural zone model for coating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... K.L. , Heaney D.F. , and German R.M. , Modeling of Distortion after Densification during Liquid Phase Sintering , Metall. Mater. Trans. A , Vol 35 , 2004 , p 3833 – 3841 10.1007/s11661-004-0289-z • Fang Z.Z. , Paramore J.D. , Sun P. , Chandran K.S.R. , Zhang Y...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.9781627083195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
..., dimensional stability, and generation of quenching and grinding cracks. They also include insufficient case hardness and improper core hardness, influence of surface carbon content and grain size, internal oxidation, structure of carbides, and inclusion of noncarbide. Details on micropitting, macropitting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... quantitative relationship exists between the stress at fracture and the distance from the flaw to each of the boundaries. Through the model below, we can estimate the critical flaw size and/or the fracture toughness of the material. Consider a very small flaw originating on a ceramic surface as shown in...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
.... Batra U. , Ray S. , and Prabhakar S.R. , Mathematical Model for Austenitization Kinetics of Ductile Iron , J. Mater. Eng. , Vol 14 ( No. 5 ) Oct 2005 , p 574 10.1361/105994905X64512 16. Hilliker C.R. and Cohen M. , Isothermal Transformation of Austenite in Cast...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... attractive to analysts because it makes the modeling process easier. However, the absence of plastic flow means that the mechanism by which the local stress concentrations are relieved around the ever-present flaws is eliminated. In turn, this means that the analysis must be refined enough to locate and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... Council , 1992 25. Cook P. and Musulin I. , PHOENICS Model for a Billet Homogenization Furnace , Proc. Fifth International Aluminum Extrusion Technology Seminar , Vol 1 , Aluminum Association and Aluminum Extruders Council , 1992 26. Garcia P. and Hertwich G...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
..., “Computer Simulation of Phase Diagrams,” covers thermodynamic modeling and computer simulation of phase diagrams. Thermodynamics allows the calculation of the driving force for a phase transformation; however, it tells nothing about how fast the transformation will occur. Kinetics must be used to...