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calcium binary system

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... low, less than 0.02 at.%. There is one compound in the system, CaBe 13 , which decomposes to beryllium liquid plus calcium gas at temperatures in excess of 1583 °C (2880 °F). Fig. 15.6 Binary phase diagram of beryllium-calcium. Source: Itkin et al. 1987 15.7 Beryllium-Cobalt (Be-Co...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... in certain binary alloy systems; for example, in the gold alloy and platinum alloy systems, only the alloying element is dissolved. For less noble systems, such as copper-zinc, both elements may undergo dissolution. Ionization-Redeposition Mechanism for Selective Dissolution One of the first...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... shrinkage porosity. Figure 5 shows the complete phase diagram of the binary aluminum-silicon system. This is a simple eutectic system with limited terminal solubility and is the basis for the 4 xx.x alloys. Metallographic structures of the pure components and of several intermediate compositions show...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
... of the gold alloy, compared with simply air cooling after annealing. Ordering of the copper-rich primary phase: Ordering has many similarities with precipitation hardening, and in gold alloys this effect derives primarily from the gold-copper binary system (see Fig. 2.12 ). Although gold and copper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
.... This chapter provides information on specifications and widely used designation systems and alloy nomenclature for aluminum casting alloys. It describes the composition of seven basic families of aluminum casting alloys: aluminum-copper, aluminum-silicon-copper, aluminum-silicon, aluminum-silicon-magnesium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
... of these alloys. The three principal families of gold-bearing alloy brazes are considered briefly in turn. 2.1.8.1 Gold-Copper The gold-copper binary alloy system, which also provides the basis for many of the brazes used in jewelry, is characterized by a continuous solid solution between the two...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... initially centered on oxidation behavior of the basic nickel-chromium alloys. Three groupings of such binary nickel-chromium alloys were suggested as representative of the oxidation behavior of the nickel-chromium system. These groupings are: Those containing less than approximately 10% Cr Those...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... for magnesium electrodes in a variety of aqueous solutions are presented in Table 2 , while corrosion rate data in water and several other media are presented in Fig. 2 and Table 3 . Fig. 1 Potential-pH (Pourbaix) diagram for the system of magnesium and water at 25 °C (77 °F), showing the theoretical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of equilibrium phase diagrams, the role of enthalpy and Gibb’s free energy in chemical reactions, and a method for determining phase compositions along the solidus and liquidus lines. atomic diffusion body-centered cubic systems crystal defects equilibrium phase diagram face-centered cubic systems...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
.... Almost all metals and alloys respond to some form of heat treatment in the broadest sense of this definition, but individual metals and alloys may respond differently. Almost any metal can be softened by annealing after cold working, while fewer alloy systems can be strengthened or hardened by heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... , and Simanov Yu.P. , 1958 . Thermal and X-Ray Analysis of the CsF-BeF 2 System and Its Interrelations with the MeF-BeF 2 Systems , Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR , Vol 118 , p 935 – 937 Brewer A.W. , 1970 . Spark Machining of Beryllium , Microstructures , Vol 1 , p 25 – 28 Brewer L.M...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.9781627082983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... of a beta-stabilized system. Important features in this diagram include: The titanium beta phase is isomorphous with niobium; both have the bcc crystal structure. As a result, this type of system is referred to as beta isomorphous. Other binary systems of this type are titanium-molybdenum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article examines the composition and properties of magnesium and its alloys. It discusses alloy and temper designations, applications and product forms, and commercial alloy systems, and explains how alloying elements affect physical and mechanical properties, processing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
..., Ni, Cr, V, Ti) and with metals such as Mg and Cu. This chapter is a compilation of phase diagrams, microstructure images, and tables, providing information on more than 30 binary, ternary, and quaternary alloy systems associated with intermetallic phases in aluminum-silicon castings. Each section...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... which solidification takes place under equilibrium conditions can be found on the phase diagram. A simplified phase diagram for a binary eutectic alloy system is shown in Fig. 5 . The temperature at which solidification begins is called the liquidus temperature, and the temperature at which it ends...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... these materials from realizing their full potential in the form of a production-level application to date. Beryllium has been found to form intermetallic compounds with most metallic elements in the periodic table where the binary systems have been examined. Aluminum and silicon are exceptions. The family...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... at approximately 45 degrees. Anisotropy . .. The characteristic of exhibiting different property values in different directions with respect to a fixed reference system in the material. AOD . . . See Argon Oxygen Decarburization. APFBM Atomic Probe Field Ion Microscopy. An analytical technique in which atoms...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... precedes knowledge of the iron-carbon equilibrium phase diagram as well as knowledge of the constituents and microstructures that could be associated with compositions in the iron-carbon system. It is sufficient to recall that, as discussed in Chapter 8, “Solidification, Segregation, and Nonmetallic...