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bulk materials

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the factors influencing the corrosion resistance of bulk materials, namely alloying, metallurgical factors, and mechanical treatments. corrosion resistance bulk materials alloying metallurgical factors mechanical treatments THE CORROSION RESISTANCE...
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Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 25 Comparison interaction volume in thin section of TEM sample and bulk material in SEM (not drawn to scale). The electrons can penetrate as deep as 8 μm in to the bulk sample at 30 keV [36] and degrade spatial resolution. In a thin TEM section, the interaction volume is limited More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... in the chapter are: collection of background information and sampling; preliminary laboratory examination; detailed metallographic and fractographic examinations; chemical analysis of corrosion products and bulk materials; corrosion testing for quality control; mechanical testing for quality control...
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 2.24 Correlation between coating strength and coating hardness for different process conditions in cold spraying commercially pure nickel with nitrogen as process gas. The data range for differently work-hardened bulk material is shown for comparison. By using higher spray parameter sets More
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Published: 30 April 2021
Fig. 12.1 Estimate of the relative use of material modifications to surfaces to (a) lubricate/alter function or appearance and (b) harden surfaces/bulk material. PTFE, polytetrafluoroethylene; PFA, perfluoroalkoxy; DLC, diamond-like carbon; PVD, physical vapor deposition; HVOF, high-velocity More
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Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 10 Thermal imaging (left) and 2D X-Ray microscopy (right) at high magnification further isolate the defect area to a single capacitor unit and show a fine crack within the bulk material. More
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Published: 01 April 2013
observed in the bulk material. Source: Ref 1 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... world conditions concerning scarcity of energy and materials. Consequently, the introduction and use of a manufacturing process must also be preceded by a consideration of these environmental factors. 1.3 Metal Forming Processes in Manufacturing Metal forming includes (a) bulk forming processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.9781627083553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... its separate chemical, physical, and mechanical properties. The two constituents are a reinforcement and a matrix. The main advantages of composite materials are their high strength and stiffness, combined with low density, when compared with bulk materials, allowing for a weight reduction...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... to applied forces. See also modulus of elasticity, bulk modulus of elasticity, and Poisson s ratio. elastic deformation. A change in dimensions directly proportional to and in phase with an increase or decrease in applied force. elastic energy. The amount of energy required to deform a material within its...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract There are several analytical methods available that can be used in-line on whole wafers as well as off-line on de-processed products that are returned from the field. These techniques are surface analytical techniques that can be used to characterize the bulk of the material. The main...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... by the laws of atomic physics than by the behavior of bulk materials. The small size feature of nanomaterials makes most of their atoms surface atoms with different coordination numbers, energy levels, electronic structure, and reactivity than interior atoms in the bulk material. This gives rise to completely...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter describes the processes, applications, and limitations of forming and shaping various materials. It discusses bulk forming, hot working, cold working, sheet forming, and polymer and powder processing. bulk forming cold working hot working polymer processing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... of amorphous alloys that contain beryllium and the applications for which they are suited. amorphous alloys beryllium 12.1 Introduction Amorphous alloys, or metallic glasses, have been known since the early 1970s. Amorphous alloys have no long-range order like conventional crystalline materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... up to bulk scale with advanced mechanical properties (e.g., high density, high strength, high hardness) and without oxidation, phase transformation, or decomposition of feedstock materials, there have been a number of studies on the application of the cold spray process to various industrial fields...
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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 12.8 (Part 2) (e) Treated as for (b). The irregularly located dark-etching areas beneath the surface (arrows) are segregated regions differing slightly in M s temperature from the bulk of the material. 1% nital. 2×. (f) Austenitized, water quenched, tempered at 200 °C. Picral. 2×. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
...% are possible. The close resemblance of the results to bulk materials: Tensile and other material properties akin to those of bulk materials can be obtained, making such coatings suitable for structural applications. The ability to obtain thick metallic coatings: Because the deposits are compressively...
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Published: 01 August 1999
as for (b). The irregularly located dark-etching areas beneath the surface (arrows) are segregated regions differing slightly in M s temperature from the bulk of the material. 1% nital. 2×. (f) Austenitized, water quenched, tempered at 200 °C. Picral. 2×. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... For example, the electrochemical conditions near the surface of a material are similar to the bulk electrolyte conditions; electrolyte conditions in a propagating crack generally differ from the bulk electrolyte. If the conditions at the tip of the growing pit or localized corrosion penetration cannot achieve...