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bulk analysis

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract This chapter discusses the techniques applicable to the diagnosis of corrosion failures, including visual and microscopic examination of corroded surfaces and microstructure; chemical analysis of the metal, corrosion products, and bulk environment; nondestructive evaluation methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This chapter reviews failure aspects of structural ferrous powder metallurgy (PM) parts, which form the bulk of the PM industry. The focus is on conventional PM technology of parts in the density range of 6 to 7.2 g/cc. The chapter briefly introduces the processing steps...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... in high-pressure cold spray coating characterization, including residual-stress characterization. The chapter includes some preliminary screening of tool hardness and bond adhesion strength, as well as a distinction between surface and bulk characterization techniques and their importance for cold spray...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... Abstract This chapter provides an introduction to metal forming processes and where they fit among the five general areas of manufacturing. It also discusses the basic differences between bulk deformation and sheet-metal forming processes and how they relate to hybrid forming processes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... sensitivity of ~0.005% and a precision for quantitative analysis of ~0.2% relative, or 0.005% absolute, whichever is greater. For powders, the sample size is several grams pressed into a pellet. Powder samples are typically attached to substrates not produced by x-ray or are pressed into pellets. For bulk...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
.... For example, a scanning electron microscope (SEM) is quite useful in conducting failure analysis. An image analysis system can be justified when large numbers of grain size and volume fraction measurements are required. Chapter 4 introduced the basic equipment required for typical large and small...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... tomography, fiducial patterning, probe pad fabrication Bulk silicon removal, TEM lamella preparation, package deprocessing, package and BEOL failure analysis, 3D tomography [10] Gas Field Ion Source (GFIS) FIB Among lighter species, helium (He) and neon (Ne) are commercially available in FIB...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
...) surface roughness μin. T b Bulk temperature °F T b test Bulk temperature of test gears °F T c Contact temperature °F T f Flash temperature °F T f test Maximum flash temperature of test gears °F T s Scuffing temperature °F V Operating pitch line...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... for bulk chemical analysis and microchemical analysis. The principles, capabilities, and limitations of these tools are described in detail in Ref 1 to 3 . A few features are listed subsequently. Techniques for Average Bulk Chemical Analysis Spectrophotometry: Applicable to nearly all...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... sample removal during the polishing process as a result of different material properties in the interphase area compared to the bulk matrix. durability microstructural analysis spherulites thermoplastic-matrix composites ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... and contact for backside nano-probing. All of these methods have a high success rate and as a result units are rarely lost. The choice of which method to use depends upon the fault isolation technique to be used, the size of the region of interest and what type of testing is going to be performed. Bulk...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... information for the property being evaluated. It is possible to conduct bulk analysis as well as elemental or surface analysis of the material using an appropriate technique. This chapter discusses some of the previously mentioned techniques and provides a brief overview of their fundamentals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.9781627082815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract This article is a compilation of abbreviations and symbols related to characterization and failure analysis of plastics. abbreviations symbols failure analysis plastics Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics Steven Lampman, editor, p433-435 DOI: 10.31399...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... wear mechanisms that has often been followed in the literature is based on three methodologies of defining types of wear ( Ref 1 ). The first classification is based on the two-term model that divides wear mechanisms into two types—interfacial and bulk. The second classification is more...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... surfaces become rougher or smoother due to the effects of deformation, tooling interactions, and lubricant film thickness. It familiarizes readers with the concept of nominal contact, the role of asperities, and the effects of interface pressure, plasticity index, shear stress, and bulk strain rate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... . Pores in passes 3, 4, 6, and 8 were caused by intentionally varying the electrode stickout. Weld Metal Composition Compositional analysis of the weld was performed at this point. For this application, the bulk, or average, composition of the weld is of the most interest. The bulk composition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... schematically the cutter head. Fig. 5.1 SSam surface sampling system: schematic of cutting process. Source: Ref 2 . With kind permission of Exponent Failure Analysis Associates As described in the following section, bulk mechanical properties can be obtained from miniature samples by punch...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.edfatr.t56090003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-462-8
... photon emission microscopy spatial resolution technology scaling visible light probing Background Electrical/optical fault isolation (EFI) ( Ref 1 ) is a series of processes succeeding non-destructive testing (NDT) and microscopy in failure analysis (FA) of integrated circuits (ICs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the most common micro-analytical technique in the failure analysis laboratory: energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). It discusses the general characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of some of the X-ray detectors attached...