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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the functions of surface treatments important for stainless steel, namely the removal of oxide scale and cleaning, brightening, and coloring of the stainless surface. Details on the main methods of producing aesthetic surface finishes are also provided...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
..., and (c) bright treadplate Bright Finishes Bright highly reflective finishes are created by mechanical polishing, chemical treatments, or a combination of the two methods. [2] All alloys can be mechanically polished, but chemical brightening ( Ref 10.3 ) is most prevalent for rolled...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... 125 5.0 17 7–8% (b) 60 140 125 5.0 A nitric-hydrofluoric acid solution, which is the final stage brightening in most alloy cleaning lines, should be maintained at a minimum ratio of 15 parts nitric acid to 1 part hydrofluoric acid to reduce hydrogen pickup effects; the concentration...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... are brightened. References 1. Beraha E. and Shpigler B. , Color Metallography , American Society for Metals , Metals Park, OH , 1977 . 2. Vander Voort G.F. , Metallography. Principles and Practice , McGraw-Hill , New York, NY , 1984 , p 642 . Sulfur Print...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
..., and anodic dissolution produces leveling and brightening of the specimen surface. Fig. 4 Simple laboratory system for electropolishing and electroetching. Source: Ref 1 Not all materials respond equally well to electrolytic polishing. Wrought solid solution alloys, such as aluminum, nickel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... surfaces with hardened accumulated grime deposits A fine abrasive paste as used for car body refinishing. Rinse clean to remove all paste material and dry. May brighten dull finishes. To avoid a patchy appearance, the whole surface may need to be treated. Paint, graffiti Proprietary solutions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340375
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... reflectivity can increase efficiency, providing more light distribution with lower wattage. A highly reflective finish can be achieved by bright rolling, polishing, chemical brightening, or some combination. The alloys used for lighting sheet typically have a high-purity, low iron and silicon base. Alloy 1070...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
...–10 Brightening pickle 5–15 min 54–60 130–140 Hydrofluoric acid 2–4 Nitric acid 15–20 Rinse 15–30 s Not heated Not heated Water … High-pressure spray wash (b) Not heated Not heated Water (c) … RT, room temperature. (a) Governed by shape of part. (b) 1 min...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... outcome. Alternatives include etching, anodizing, brightening, chemical conversion, and others. Some of the larger aluminum companies have such operations internally whereas others utilize third parties that specialize in a specific process. Chapter 10, “Customer Manufacturing Processes” in this book...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... also gives satisfactory results. Either of these etchants, in ordinary cases, may be followed by a brightening treatment consisting of swabbing the surface with 2 vol% HNO 3 in water. Etching procedures used at various laboratories Table 16.3 Etching procedures used at various laboratories...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... is widely used in such applications to reflow (or smooth) an electrolytically deposited coating or to cure paint. Tin Reflow In the manufacture of tinplate, tin is electrolytically deposited on steel sheet. It is desirable to “flow-brighten” the tin coating by heating it to a temperature above its...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., but that may involve extremely fine-scale abrasion, plastic smearing of microasperities, and/or chemical corrosion ( Fig. 6d ). Surfaces that have been subjected to polishing wear are usually smoothed and brightened, but this smoothing or brightening requires material removal. It can cause loss...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... to a solution for the purpose of altering or controlling a process. Examples include wetting agents in acid pickling, brighteners or antipitting agents in plating solutions, and inhibitors. adsorption. The surface retention of solid, liquid, or gas molecules, atoms, or ions by a solid or liquid. Compare...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., and drying. In many applications, this sequence is expanded to accommodate pickling, deoxidizing, dyeing, brightening, and other rinsing stages, or the sequence can be shortened when cleaning or posttreatment rinsing is not necessary. More detailed information on key processing steps can be found in Ref 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... be controlled by limiting sources of S 2 O 3 2 − contamination; the principal one is the brightening agent sodium hyposulfite (Na 2 S 2 O 4 ). However, nonsensitized type 304 will also be attacked. Consequently, type 316L is the preferred grade of stainless steel that should...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5