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bright dipping

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Occasional or intermittent Solvent wipe Emulsion dip or spray Vapor degrease Cold solvent dip Alkaline dip, rinse, dry or dip in rust preventative Solvent wipe Vapor degrease Phosphoric acid etch Solvent wipe Emulsion dip or spray, rinse Vapor degrease Alkaline spray Solvent wipe Emulsion soak, barrel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... N 0 3 24 mL HCI 39 mL H 2 0 15 mL HF 45 mL HCI 15 mL H N 0 3 25 mL H 2 0 10-20 g NaOH 100 mL H 2 0 1 mLHF 1.5 mL HCI 2.5 mL HNO3 95 mL H 2 0 12 mL HCI 12 mL HNO3 6 mLHF 90 mL H 2 0 Flick's etch. Immerse for 10-20 s, dip in HNO3, rinse, and dry. 180-grit ground surface is best. Etch by immersion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... etchants recommended in the literature were tried, and although most produced heavy pitting at the oxide inclusions, an oxalic acid etch has been modified to give very satisfactory grain-boundary definition. The etch involves dipping the specimen in 3 vol% oxalic acid at 100 °C (212 °F) for 1 min...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... from alkali hydroxides and such al- kaline salts as borates, carbonates, phosphates, or silicates. The clean- ing action may be enhanced by the addition of surface-active agents and special solvents. aluminizing. Forming of an aluminum or aluminum alloy coating on a metal by hot dipping, hot spraying...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., and inspection and quality assurance. The next section discusses the methods by which metals, and in some cases their alloys, can be applied to almost all other metals and alloys: electroplating, electroless plating, hot dipping, thermal spraying, cladding, pack cementation, vapor deposition, ion implantation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
...-filled epoxy resin and chopped glass fiber. Bright-field illumination, 65 mm macrophotograph montage. (b) Quasi-isotropic unidirectional prepreg laminate. Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 5× objective, montage. (c) 3k-70 woven carbon fabric laminate. Bright-field illumination, 5× objective, montage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.9781627083492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... resistance and heat resistance Hot-dip galvanizing (zinc coatings) Improved corrosion resistance via sacrificial protection of steel substrate Hot-dip aluminizing Improved corrosion and oxidation resistance of steel substrate Hot-dip lead-tin alloy-coatings (terne coatings) Improved corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... immersion of a metal specimen into a suitable solution to obtain a metallographic polish. The results of chemical polishing are similar to those of electropolishing. They vary from an etched specimen surface that has been macrosmoothed but not brightened to a bright dipped surface that has been brightened...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... equipment manufacturer Tanker trucks use numerous aluminum parts, including the tank from welded polished sheet; formed parts for bumper, grill, fenders, and steps; formed and welded extrusions and tubes in the chassis; and bright anodized wheels machined from forgings THE ATTRIBUTES...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... needs to aware. Etches can be applied by dipping the sample face into the etchant or by swabbing the etchant on the sample face with a cotton swab. Dipping is the preferred method of many as it is easier to control and leaves a cleaner surface. Note: HF-containing etches should be stored and used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... Certain alloy compositions and microstructures have been found to be susceptible to a severe ductility loss (ductility dip) in a temperature range from about 750 to 850 °C (1380 to 1560 °F) on cooling from temperatures above the beta transus. In particular, alpha-beta alloys that contain niobium rather...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
.... Grain contrast usually poor. The 0.5% concentration of HF is very popular. Keller's reagent, very popular general-purpose reagent for Al and Al alloys, except high-Si alloys. Immerse sample 10-20 s, wash in warm water. Can follow with a dip in cone. HNO,. Outlines all common constituents, reveals grain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... in air or other gaseous media from a temperature above its transformation range. This term should be restricted to steels that are capable of being hardened by cooling in air in fairly large sections, about 50 mm (2 in.) or more in diameter. Same as self-hardening steel. Airy disk. The image of a bright...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dsktmse.t56050001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-432-1
... for precise gas control, safety concerns Vacuum carburizing 815–1050 1500–1920 75 μm–1.5 mm 50–63 Excellent process control, bright parts, faster than gas process, high capital cost Plasma carburizing 815–1050 1500–1920 75 μm–1.5 mm 50–65 Excellent process control, faster than gas and vacuum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
.... The morphology of the interlayer area is shown with the use of transmitted-light Hoffman modulation contrast and differential interference contrast (DIC). Reflected-light bright-field micrographs are shown of the planar and side view of the composite for comparison. When preparing ultrathin sections...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... As semiconductor feature sizes have shrunk, the technology needed to encapsulate modern ICs (integrated circuits) has expanded. Although DIP (dual in-line package) and QFN (quad-flat no-leads) packages are still widely used; they are being replaced in most high-volume applications with WLPs (wafer level packages...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... resolution, image brightness, depth of focus, working distance and ultimately the price of the lens; lenses with higher N.A.’s are more expensive. It is a common misconception among microscope users that with a little more magnification they can resolve finer features. It isn’t true; magnification has...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
.... If the flux is liquid at the joining temperature, it has to wet the joint surfaces in order to be effective. A flux that is liquid can beneficially help suppress the volatilization of high vapor-pressure constituents of filler metals and thereby improve joint quality. This is particularly true in dip brazing...