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bright annealing

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... 4171 – 4181 10.1016/S1359-6454(03)00235-0 Polished Finishes Bright Annealing Rolled Finishes Surface Alteration Summary Introduction Function of Surface Treatments Aesthetic Surface Finishes Removal of Oxide Scale Cleaning Brightening Coloring Passivation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... that commercial and residential food equipment be able to withstand some chloride level greater than otherwise projected. Industry practice in the United States has shown that corrosion problems occur at an unsatisfactory level with mechanically polished 430 but not with bright-annealed 430. Thus, alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... … (a) Finish conditions: 2D is cold rolled, annealed, and pickled; 2B is 2D with an added temper mill pass (approximately 0.5% reduction); 2BA is cold rolled, bright annealed, and temper passed. ...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... below the surface of a superalloy (note Fig. 8.4 ). Dry hydrogen of dew point −60 °F (−50 °C) or lower, is used in preference to dissociated ammonia for bright annealing of superalloys. If the hydrogen is prepared by catalytic gas reactions instead of by electrolysis, residual hydrocarbons...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... to be susceptible to delayed failure if placed in a corrosive environment. Bright-annealed alloys with high martensite levels from forming can fail by hydrogen embrittlement with just the residual hydrogen from annealing. Therefore, the use of bright-annealed lean alloys such as 301 is not recommended. A last...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... container under conditions that minimize oxidation. In this process, the charge is heated slowly to a temperature usually below the transformation range, but sometimes above or within it, after which it is cooled slowly. This process is sometimes called close annealing. Bright annealing This process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... Remove dissolved contaminating substances from metals, using the degassing effect of a vacuum, such as hydrogen or oxygen from titanium Join metals by brazing or diffusion bonding Operations performed in vacuum furnaces include hardening, tempering, carburizing, annealing, stress relieving...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...), martensitic, and precipitation-hardening. In addition, information on special considerations for stainless steel castings is also provided. The heat treatment processes explained in the chapter are preheating, annealing, stress relieving, hardening, tempering, austenite conditioning, heat aging, and nitride...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... consistency of appearance comes from specifying a brand of rolled-on finish from a given manufacturer. Any of the traditional finishes can be replicated by a rolled-on finish with greater uniformity, with the possible exception of bright annealed having a difficult time matching the mirror quality of a No. 8...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... for austenitizing or annealing stainless steels. Disassociated ammonia can be used for “bright annealing” of stainless steels. Endothermic atmospheres can be used provided the atmosphere carbon level is matched to the surface carbon of the stainless material being treated. Carburization (adding carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... in trailers are typically 304, while tanks may also be 316L for corrosion resistance when the transported material requires it. Tank wrappers are often made of bright annealed and buffed 304. Manufacturers of trailers would be well advised to consider upgrading to duplex grades such as 2003 or 2205 or to cold...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... temperature Sigma: bright green or red to purple 2 Etch To differentiate between carbides and sigma phase 10% NaCN; 90% water Electrolytic etch; 10–20 s; 1.5 V Murakami’s 10 g K 3 Fe(CN) 6 ; 10 g KOH; 100 mL water Immerse 2–4 s; room temperature Carbides: straw to yellow-brown or buff Gamma (sigma...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... R. , et al. , 1948 . “ Electropolishing and Electroetching Beryllium for Microexamination under Bright Field Illumination ,” Argonne National Laboratory , unpublished work Price C.W. , and McCall J.L. , 1968 . “ A Review of Metallographic Preparation Procedures for Beryllium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... cup-and-cone fracture of a ductile annealed 1035 steel in a cylindrical tensile specimen. This type of fracture originates near the center of the section, with multiple cracks that join and spread outward until the 45° shear lip forms at the end of the fracture. Photo courtesy of Packer Engineering...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...-packed. (a) Hot worked. (b) Annealed. Source: Engelhard Industries Division, Engelhard Corporation Silver is characterized by its bright appearance, high thermal and electrical conductivities, reflectivity, and very high malleability. It is resistant to corrosion in many organic acids...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Shortness Sensitization Temper Embrittlement Microcrack Formation Graphitization of Steel Microstructures Altered during Cutting/Machining Microstructures Altered under Service Conditions Normalizing Homogenizing Quenching Intercritical Annealing Cold Working...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.9781627082914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... of several metals and nonmetals Material Density (ρ), g/cm 3 Sonic velocities, 10 5 cm/s Acoustic impedance (d) , ( Z t ) 10 6 g/cm 2 · s V t (a) V t (b) V s (c) Ferrous metals Carbon steel, annealed 7.85 5.94 3.24 3.0 4.66 Alloy steel     Annealed...