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boundary-element method

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... , p 473 . [Avitzur, 1968] Avitzur B. , Metal Forming: Processes and Analysis , McGraw-Hill , 1968 . [Bathe, 1996] Bathe K.J. , Finite Element Procedures , Prentice Hall , 1996 . [Becker, 1992] Becker A.A. , The Boundary Element Method in Engineering , McGraw...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
.... The lattice parameter method for the determination of the phase boundary of a solid solution is straightforward. The lattice parameter is plotted against the compositions of the alloys, and the composition at which the lattice parameter first becomes constant is located. When solute element B is added...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
.... Source: Ref 9 Fig. 31 Effect of alloying elements on effective carbon content. Source: Ref 9 Fig. 15 Dislocation pile-up at a grain boundary under shear stress, τ Fig. 18 Metallography of unetched and etched metal samples Fig. 19 Micrographs of ferrite grains...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... different circumstances. These are now called semimetals, but have also been called metalloids, meaning like metals. The boundaries separating the regions in the periodic table covered by the different classes of elements are not distinct, except that nonmetals never form positive ions. A simplified...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... structure, and steels heated into the austenite phase field may in fact contain other phases such as inclusions, carbides (depending on alloying and time available for solution), and precipitates of microalloying elements. Nevertheless, the excellent hot ductility of austenite is a major contributor...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... References References 2.1 Singh V. , Physical Metallurgy , Standard Publishers Distributors , 1999 2.2 Campbell F.C. , Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys , ASM International , 2008 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.9781627082518 2.3 Vander Voort G. , Metallography...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... Behavior Roles of the Various Elements in the Nickel Alloys Commercially Pure Nickel Nickel-Copper Alloys Nickel-Molybdenum Alloys Nickel-Chromium Alloys Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum Alloys Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys Nickel-Iron-Chromium Alloys Grain Boundary Precipitation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... a frequency between 1 and 25 MHz. Short shock bursts of ultrasonic energy are aimed into the material from the ultrasonic search unit of the ultrasonic flaw detector instrument. The electrical pulse from the flaw detector is converted into ultrasonic energy by a piezoelectric transducer element in the search...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... of the grain boundary. This leads to intergranular fracture morphology. It is signaled by a material toughness loss. It is pointed out that grain-boundary segregation depends on the alloying elements of the steel. Carbon steels with less than 0.5% Mn are not prone to reversible TE. The phenomenon can only...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... = 1.050–1.070 (varies with composition) Cr 23 C 6 (Cr, Fe, W, Mo) 23 C 6 Form of precipitation is important for mechanical properties; it can precipitate as globules, platelets, or lamellae; usually forms at grain boundaries; “M” element is usually Cr, but Ni, Co, Fe, Mo, and W can substitute. M 6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... by a number of analytical methods ( Ref 5.1 , 5.2 ), such as finite element, boundary integral equation, weight function, boundary collocation, and so on. This chapter does not delve into the technicality of these methods, but instead presents only the results (mainly extracted from the open literature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter is dedicated mostly to the metallurgical effects on the corrosion behavior of corrosion-resistant alloys. It begins with a section describing the importance of alloying elements on the corrosion behavior of nickel alloys. The chapter considers the metallurgical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... reducing the density and elements such as tungsten, rhenium, and tantalum increasing it. The main strengthening mechanisms for nickel and iron-nickel superalloys are solid-solution hardening and precipitation hardening. In addition, grain-boundary carbides are important in providing high-temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...Beta eutectoid elements arranged in order of increasing activity Table 7.1 Beta eutectoid elements arranged in order of increasing activity Element Eutectoid composition, wt% Eutectoid temperature Composition for beta retention on quenching, wt% °C °F Manganese 20 550 1022...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... of carbide morphology in various alloys. The carbide-forming elements molybdenum and tungsten can be consumed as carbides at the grain boundaries after long-term exposure to high temperatures. This causes the grain-boundary zones to be depleted of these elements in the solid solution. While...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... in the metallography of beryllium, especially in the determination of small amounts of impurities. Appearance of the microconstituents in beryllium Table 16.4 Appearance of the microconstituents in beryllium Element Composition range, wt% Description References Bismuth … Two-liquid melts...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... inclusions and impurity elements result in reduced toughness. These effects are obtained regardless of whether toughness is defined in terms of the transition-temperature approach or the fracture-toughness approach. For instance, all the factors that decrease the FATT tend to increase K Ic values...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... in strength occurs, improved resistance to exfoliation is provided. In copper-free or low-copper 7 xxx alloys, exfoliation corrosion resistance can be controlled by overaging or by recrystallizing heat treatments and can also be controlled to some extent by changes in alloying elements. In aluminum-copper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... be recognized, but determining the primary cause of the fracture may be difficult. Fractographic and microscopic examination can readily identify the presence of second-phase particles at grain boundaries. Unfortunately, the segregation of a layer a few atoms thick of some element or compound that produces...