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boronizing

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract Alloy steels are alloys of iron with the addition of carbon and one or more of the following elements: manganese, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, niobium, titanium, tungsten, cobalt, copper, vanadium, silicon, aluminum, and boron. Alloy steels exhibit superior mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... carbide coatings, and boronizing. surface hardening steel pack carburizing liquid carburizing gas carburizing vacuum carburizing plasma carburizing gas nitriding liquid nitriding carbonitriding hardfacing flame hardening induction hardening aluminizing siliconizing chromizing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... of superalloys, including their properties, behaviors, and microstructure. It examines the role of more than 20 alloying elements, including phosphorus (promotes carbide precipitation), boron (improves creep properties), lanthanum (increases hot corrosion resistance), and carbon and tungsten which serve...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... the Grossmann-Bain approach or Jominy end-quench testing. It also explains how hardenability can be improved through the addition of boron, phosphorus, and other alloys. Grossmann-Bain approach hardenability hardness Jominy test martensite A MARTENSITIC MICROSTRUCTURE is the hardest...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... involved in the preparation of titanium honeycomb composites, boron fiber composites, titanium/polymeric composite hybrids, and uncured prepreg materials. boron fiber composites microscopic analysis polishing polymeric composites sample preparation titanium honeycomb composites titanium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... and/or boron treated steels) are also discussed, as well as those of free-machining carbon steels. Detailed heat treating procedures are presented for a representative group of carbon steels. The processes involved in tempering and austempering of carbon steels are also discussed. carbon steel free...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... 0.040 0.15–0.30 0.40–0.70 0.40–0.60 0.30–0.40 9260 G92600 0.56–0.64 0.75–1.00 0.035 0.040 1.80–2.20 … … … Source: Ref 1 Compositions of standard boron (alloy) steels Table 3 Compositions of standard boron (alloy) steels Steel designation AISI or SAE UNS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Tungsten-chromium low-alloy steel 72 xx W 1.75; Cr 0.75 Silicon-manganese low-alloy steels 92 xx Si 1.40 and 2.00; Mn 0.65, 0.82, and 0.85; Cr 0 and 0.65 Boron steels xx B xx B denotes boron steel Leaded steels xx L xx L denotes leaded steel Vanadium steels xx...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Fig. 1 The material cost versus performance of various aluminum-matrix composites. DRA, discontinuously reinforced aluminum Fig. 2 Cross section of a continuous-fiber reinforced boron/aluminum composite. Shown here are 142 μm diameter boron filaments coated with B 4 C in a 6061 aluminum...
Book Chapter

By M. B. Kasen
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
..., ADA019230 [1] Schramm R. E. and Kasen M. B. ( 1977 a). Cryogenic mechanical properties of boron-, graphite-, and glass-reinforced composites . Mater. Sci. Eng . 30 , 197 – 204 . 10.1016/0025-5416(77)90129-X Schramm R. E. and Kasen M. B. ( 1977 b). Static tensile...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
.... , and Boone D.H. , “ Repair Joints in Nickel-Based Superalloys with Improved Hot Corrosion Resistance ,” Paper 93-GT-247, ASME , 1993 10.1115/93-GT-247 18. Thuvander M. and Stiller K. , Microstructure of a Boron Containing High Purity Nickel-Based Alloy 690 , Mater. Sci. Eng...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... should be machined in the annealed condition where possible. For conventional machining, tungsten carbide tools are most commonly used, although some softer alloys or alloys in an annealed state may be machined with difficulty using highspeed steel. Cubic boron nitride tools are commonly used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Quenching Effect of Alloys on the Tempering Response (After Hardening) Effect of Carbon on Hardenability Data Manganese Nickel Copper Silicon Molybdenum Chromium Vanadium Tungsten Titanium, Niobium, and Zirconium Boron Manganese Nickel Copper Silicon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... to the discovery that small (~0.1 wt%) boron additions not only eliminated the brittle behavior of Ni 3 Al, but converted the material to a highly malleable form exhibiting tensile ductility as high as 50% at room temperature. The beneficial effect of boron is, however, dependent on stoichiometry, and boron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
..., or powder blending/consolidation. Typical fiber lengths are a few micrometers to several hundred micrometers but are broken up during processing so that their aspect ratios (length/diameter) range from three to about 100. Continuous-fiber reinforcements include graphite, SiC, boron, aluminum oxide (Al 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... nonferrous alloy, and the reinforcement consists of high-performance carbon, metallic, or ceramic additions. Reinforcements, either continuous or discontinuous, may constitute from 10 to 70 vol% of the composite. Continuous fiber or filament (f) reinforcements include graphite, silicon carbide (SiC), boron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... Solids , Vol 205–207 , p 602 – 606 10.1016/S0022-3093(96)00283-9 Jacobson L.A. , 2006 . Los Alamos, NM , private communication Jankowski A.F. , Wall M.A. , and Nieh T.G. , 2003 . Crystallization of Beryllium-Boron Metallic Glasses , J. Non-Cryst. Solids , Vol 317...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... . Small amounts of chromium (0.01 to 0.03%), boron (0.0020%), copper (~1.0%), nickel (0.5 to 0.8%), and molybdenum (0.35 to 0.5%) are also sometimes present. Table 2 summarizes the effects of various elements on the microstructural characteristics of malleable iron. Typical compositions for malleable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... and Boron, Part I , Aluminium , Vol 67 ( No. 7–8 ), July-Aug 1991 , p 780 – 785 6. Backerud L. , Johnsson M. , and Gustafson P. , Grain Refining Mechanisms in Aluminium as a Result of Additions of Titanium and Boron, Part II , Aluminium , Vol 67 ( No. 9 ), Sept 1991 , p...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... in carbide formation which is detrimental to hardenability. (f) Titanium is effective because it protects boron from nitrogen in boron-treated steels. If carbides form, it is detrimental. (g) Zirconium slightly increases hardenability unless carbides form. (h) Nitrogen can reduce the effect...