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boiling water reactor piping systems

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... Abstract This chapter reviews weld corrosion in three key application areas: petroleum refining and petrochemical operations, boiling water reactor piping systems, and components used in pulp and paper plants. The discussion of each area addresses general design and service characteristics...
Image
Published: 01 January 2017
Fig. 15.1 Schematic of boiling water reactor (BWR) recirculation piping system More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... systems SIGNIFICANT ADVANCES HAVE BEEN made in nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technology as applied to boiling water reactor (BWR) piping systems. This success is a direct outgrowth of efforts to overcome the difficult examination problem of detection and sizing of intergranular stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... and mitigation techniques corresponding to a wide range of issues related to stress, sensitization, and operating conditions. pipe welds stainless steel steel pipe stress-corrosion cracking welded boiling water reactor FOR OVER THIRTY YEARS, boiling water reactor (BWR) piping systems fabricated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... exposure, which alters many material properties and produces radiolysis of water. Classic examples of the neutronfluence dependence of IASCC of austenitic stainless steel are shown in Fig. 6.2(a) ( Ref 6.6 , 6.7 ) for control-blade sheath cracking in high-conductivity boiling water reactors (BWRs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... of Welds in the ByPass Lines of a Boiling Water Reactor One of the typical applications of ultrasonic testing is the in-service inspection of the coolant circuit pipes and the by-pass lines in a boiling water reactor. These pipes, which are fabricated from type 316 stainless steel, are intended...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... a shutdown, corrosion can be caused by pockets of water left in the process units and associated piping. Most petroleum refining and petrochemical plant operations involve flammable hydrocarbon streams, highly toxic or explosive gases, and strong acids or caustics that are often at elevated temperatures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Water , Proceedings of Sixth International Symposium on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems-Water Reactors , TMS , 1993 , p 669 – 676 32. Was G.S. , Corrosion , Vol 46 , 1990 , p 319 10.5006/1.3585110 33. Was G.S. , Hertzberg J.L...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... and/or a lack of appreciation of the true service conditions ( Ref 5 ). As an example, a type 316 stainless steel (Unified Numbering System, or UNS, S31600) pipe was considered a suitable choice for admitting steam and subsequently air into a chemical slurry in a reaction vessel; however, it experienced...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... relies on its oxide for corrosion resistance, these environments can lead to undesirable attack. Fig. 14.2 Potential-pH diagram for titanium-water system at 85 °C (185 °F). Chloride ion activity is 10. All other ionic activities are 10 5 . emf, electromotive force; SHE, standard hydrogen electrode...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... usually denotes SCC in simulated nuclear boiling water reactor (BWR) and nuclear pressurized water reactor (PWR) coolant environments. The term irradiation-assisted SCC refers to SCC in nuclear power station core components that are subjected to heavy doses of radiation within the core as well...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.... Follow-up Monitoring Once built, installed, and commissioned in service, the equipment, piping, reactor, heat exchanger, and so on should be monitored by the materials engineer to confirm the selection of materials of construction and all other requirements for the intended application. Frequent...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... inspecting large vessels and extensive piping systems ( Ref 18.1 ). Nevertheless, advancements in transducers and complex phase array systems have developed the ability to detect and size stress-corrosion cracks. Determining crack profiles based on historical crack length to crack depth ratios...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... boiling water nuclear reactors. This subject is addressed in Chapter 10, “Weld Corrosion in Specific Industries and Environments.” Sensitized stainless alloys of all types crack very rapidly in the polythionic acid that forms during the shutdown of desulfurization units in petroleum refineries ( Ref...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... 1974 , p 469 - 479 10. Imgram A.M. and Swift R.A. , Pressure Vessel, Piping, and Welding Needs For Coal Conversion Systems , ASM J. Mater. Energy Systems , Vol 7 ( No 3 ), Dec 1985 , p 212 - 221 10.1007/BF02833385 11. Sorrell G. , Humphreys M.J. , Bullock...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...) showed no signs of corrosion after more than 2 years of operation. Titanium reactors, reboilers, condensers, heaters, and thermowells have been used in solutions containing 10 to 70% HNO 3 at temperatures from boiling to 315 °C (600 °F). Although titanium has excellent resistance to nitric acid over...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... can lead to premature failure of components. Stresses in components frequently exceed the design stresses as a result of hidden residual stresses, system stresses, and local stress concentrations. For instance, in many piping systems, bending stresses arise due to failure of supports. Operating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... or stress relieve) Annealing at 1065 °C (1950 °F), followed by water quenching, will distort and scale equipment severely. Generally not practical for piping and vessels; can be used for small individual components Stress relieving at 955 °C (1750 °F) and slow cooling will sensitize the grain structure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... elements during strong depletion of fuel that happens in reactor operation in more stressed regimes of variation in their power. 11.1.4 Hot and Fused Salts A condition of “dry-out” is a possible occurrence in nuclear reactors. Dissolved salts in water could precipitate out under this condition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9