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body centered-cubic sheets

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mdsbktmse.9781627084512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-451-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mdsbktmse.t56070007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-451-2
... Generating the Data File There are built-in commands in LAMMPS for generating standard unit-cell structures, such as face-centered cubic (fcc) and body-centered cubic (bcc). We can use a built-in command to generate the fcc structure with the [100] orientation in the x -direction. After building one...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... traps carbon atoms that do not have time to diffuse out of the transforming face-centered cubic (fcc) to body-centered cubic (bcc) crystal structure. This martensitic transformation begins during cooling when the austenite reaches the martensite start temperature (M s ). As the temperature is decreased...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... structures, melting causes a volume decrease of only 3.5 to 6% and even less in the more loosely packed body-centered cubic (bcc) metals, which usually exhibit a volume decrease of only 1 to 3% on freezing. Some elements with even looser atomic packing, such as silicon, actually expand on freezing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... are the least alloyed and least expensive type, are less formable due their body-centered cubic (bcc) crystal structure. Formability of duplex stainless steels, which have a mixed microstructure of fcc (austenitic) and bcc (ferritic) phases, is between that of austenitic and ferritic stainless steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...-packed, and body-centered cubic. It then describes the four main divisions of crystal defects, namely point defects, line defects, planar defects, and volume defects. The chapter provides information on grain boundaries of metals, processes involved in atomic diffusion, and key properties of a solid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... strength, results in a useful engineering metal ( Ref 3.1 ). The average atomic diameter indicates favorable alloying behavior. The titanium atoms are aligned in the solid state in either a hexagonal close-packed (alpha) or body-centered cubic (beta) structure. The addition of alloying elements either...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... the location of the tip of the fatigue crack at some point in time. Must not be confused with striations, which are extremely small and are formed in a different way. body-centered cubic. See cell. brittle. Permitting little or no plastic (permanent) deformation prior to fracture. c carbonitriding. An elevated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... components, at least one of which is a metal. alpha ferrite. See ferrite. alpha iron. The body-centered cubic form of pure iron, stable below 910°C (1670 OF). amorphous. Not having a crystal structure; noncyrstalline. angstrom unit (A). A unit of linear measure equal to 10-10 m, or 0.1 nm. Although...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... cubic austenite, which is replaced by a mixture of body-centered cubic ferrite and Fe 3 C, usually in the form of ferrite + pearlite, on cooling to room temperatures. Thus, the long columnar austenite grains formed from the liquid will be subdivided into finer ferrite + pearlite grains at room...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of equilibrium phase diagrams, the role of enthalpy and Gibb’s free energy in chemical reactions, and a method for determining phase compositions along the solidus and liquidus lines. atomic diffusion body-centered cubic systems crystal defects equilibrium phase diagram face-centered cubic systems...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.9781627082839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... of these applications employ silicon-iron (usually 3 to 3.5% Si). Alloys containing ≥3% Si are body-centered cubic (bcc) ferrite at all temperatures up to the melting point ( Fig. 5.9 ). Silicon increases the electrical resistance of iron. A high electrical resistance is desirable for transformers because eddy currents...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870375
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... it leads to very low ductility and hence low fracture resistance. However, many of the metals of engineering structural interest possess a structure that is based on slightly more complex cubic structures—the body-centered cubic (bcc) and the face-centered cubic (fcc). Closely related to the fcc structure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.9781627082563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
.... blistering. See hydrogen blistering. body-centered cubic. See cell. brittle. Permitting little or no plastic (permanent) deformation prior to fracture. brittleness. The tendency of a material to fracture without rst undergoing plastic deformation. Contrast with ductility. C carbonitriding. An elevated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... orientation. Deformation also occurs by twinning, which is favored over slip by coarse grain size, high purity, and low-temperature deformation. With more slip systems available, the body centered cubic structure (beta phase) is more ductile than the hexagonal close packed structure (alpha phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of liquid metals is very close to the solid that freezes from it. For close-packed metals with the face-centered cubic and hexagonal close-packed crystalline structures, melting causes a volume decrease of only 3.5 to 6% and even less in the more loosely packed body-centered cubic metals, which usually...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... The preceding discussion of the ductile/brittle transition primarily concerns carbon and alloy steels as well as certain nonaustenitic stainless steels. Other metals with body-centered cubic crystal structures behave similarly but are less common. Most nonferrous metals, such as alloys of aluminum and copper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.9781627082914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4