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bismuth

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... behavior of alloys in molten aluminum, zinc, lead, lithium, sodium, magnesium, mercury, cadmium, tin, antimony, and bismuth. It also discusses the problem of liquid metal embrittlement, explaining how it is caused by low-melting-point metals during brazing, welding, and heat treating operations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This appendix provides a list of etch compositions and procedures that reveal the macrostructure of aluminum, beryllium, bismuth, antimony, cobalt, copper, lead, magnesium, nickel, tin, titanium, zinc, and their respective alloys as well as iron, steel, noble metals, refractory metals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... the mottling tendency. Increases FSG and SSG Antimony Tramp element in cast scrap or steel. Vitreous enamel on bathtub scrap. Intentional addition <0.005 Slightly retards FSG and SSG Arsenic Tramp element in cast scrap or steel <0.011 No reported effects Bismuth Usually a ladle addition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
..., and the desired combination of corrosion, abrasion, and impact resistance led to a patented alloy. Four examples of the application of phase diagrams to performance are listed: the elimination of sulfur contamination from Nichrome heating elements, the elimination of lead and bismuth contaminants from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... Lead, tellurium, sulfur, bismuth, and selenium are added to copper base metals to improve machinability. Free-cutting alloys containing such additions yield small, fragmented chips, making them well suited for highspeed machining operations (i.e., screw machine production). Copper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... 1.848 0.40 0.436 12 4.0 Bismuth 271.3 1560 9.80 0.019 0.0296 13.4 116 Cadmium 321.0 765 8.642 0.22 0.0555 31 7.4 Calcium 839 1484 1.54 0.3 0.156 22 4.1 Cerium 798 3433 6.771 0.03 0.0459 8 75.3 Cesium 28.4 670 1.878 0.086 0.057 97 21 Chromium 1875...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-point metals (bismuth, indium, lead, tin, zinc) Reactive metals (hafnium, titanium, and zirconium) Precious metals (gold, silver, platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium, ruthenium, and osmium) Rare earth metals Semimetals (also known as metalloids) As this list indicates, some...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Pb Bismuth Bi Uranium U Oxygen O ...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., tellurium, bismuth, and sometimes vanadium are the principal carbide-inducing inoculants. Tellurium is extremely potent; an addition of only about 5 g/tonne (5 ppm) is often sufficient. Tellurium has one major drawback: it has been found to cause tellurium halitosis in foundry workers exposed to even minute...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... improvements. These usually involve variations of carbon and manganese, with or without additional alloys such as chromium, nickel, molybdenum, vanadium, titanium, and bismuth. The most common of these compositions, as listed in ASTM A 128, are given in Table 1 . Table 1 Standard composition ranges...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... melting, casting, and wetting properties, as in type metals and solders. Tin gives the alloy the ability to wet and bond with metals such as steel and copper; unalloyed lead has poor wetting characteristics. Tin combined with lead and bismuth or cadmium forms the principal ingredient of many low-melting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
..., gold, beryllium, aluminum, carbon, vanadium, molybdenum, tungsten, chromium, selenium, titanium, and uranium. Cannot be plated . Bismuth, cadmium, tin, lead, and zinc (electroplate with copper, then use electroless nickel). A wide variety of nonmetals such as plastics, wood, glass, carbide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... or subjected to service at elevated temperatures. The high-temperature strength and ductility of nickel-base precipitation-hardened superalloys are severely reduced by minute quantities of lead, bismuth, antimony, selenium, and arsenic. As noted previously, small amounts of aluminum, even though...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...–14 5.9–8.0 Metal matrix composite aluminum 10–15 5.6–8.6 Cobalt alloys (including Stellite) 6.0–20 3.3–11 Pure Yttrium (Y) 11–15 6.0–8.5 Gray cast iron 9.0–17 5.0–9.6 Precipitation hardening stainless steel 13 7.4 Pure Bismuth (Bi) 7.0–20 3.9–11 Pure Holmium (Ho) 11...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
...-acid car batteries currently are recycled. Most battery recycling facilities will accept lead-acid batteries. Different solder alloys contain different combinations of metal elements. The most common metals used in lead-free solder are tin, copper, silver, and sometimes zinc-antimony and bismuth...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... than for regular monotectic composites (with the exception of the aluminum-bismuth alloy) and approximately one order of magnitude higher for regular monotectic composites than for regular eutectics. The differences come from the controlling mechanism. For irregular fibrous eutectics, the controlling...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... their concentrations in nickel-base alloys. The stress-rupture properties of alloys IN-100 and MAR-M002 have been investigated after deliberate contamination with bismuth, lead, silver, tin, and tellurium. By far the most damaging element was found to be bismuth, followed by tellurium, selenium, lead, and silver...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... between a gas and a crystal. Liquids do not have the high degree of order of crystals or the complete disorder of gases. For most materials, freezing causes a volume decrease of 1 to 6%. However, there are a few materials (water, silicon, germanium, bismuth, gallium, etc.) that have packing in the solid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
..., including bismuth, manganese, and bronzes, are brittle and break before they deform very much. Fig. 6.1 Deformation of crystals by slip. One plane of atoms slides over another. References 6.1 Van Vlack L.H. , Elements of Materials Science , 6th ed...