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biological organisms

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...Abstract Abstract Corrosive environments can be broadly classified as atmospheric, underground/soil, water, acidic, alkaline, and combinations of these. Complicating matters is the fact that there are important variables, for example, pH, temperature, and the presence of biological organisms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of these environments, the tendency is for microorganisms present in the water to attach to and grow on the immersed surfaces of structural materials, resulting in the formation of a biological film, or biofilm. Larger, macroscopic organisms, such as the well-known barnacles and mussels, are also present in many...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... bicarbonate alkalinity stimulate tubercle formation, as do high concentrations of sulfate, chloride, and other aggressive anions ( Ref 3 ). The formation of tubercles by biological organisms acting in conjunction with electrochemical corrosion also occurs in many aqueous environments. Sulfate-reducing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., chemical, or other biological means before biodegradation as defined here can proceed. For comparative purposes, low-density PE with a molecular weight average of M ¯ w = 150 , 000 contains approximately 11,000 carbon atoms. Decreasing molecules of this size to biologically...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... contact, namely chemical neutrality, biological neutrality, and cleanliness. A vast majority of stainless steel applications in commercial and residential equipment are also discussed. stainless steel commercial equipment residential equipment Summary Introduction Food Contact...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
...)</xref> Effect of Exposure Time Data for Wrought Alloys Data for Casting Alloys Comparison with Other Metals Contact with Dissimilar Metals Contact with Nonmetallics Suitable Alloys Mineral Acids Organic Acids Halogenated Organic Compounds Ammonia (NH<sub>3</sub>) Chlorine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... ) and sodium ferrocyanide, were used in early days to inhibit carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) corrosion in oil wells, but the treatment frequency and effectiveness were not satisfactory. This led to the development of many organic chemical formulations that frequently incorporated film-forming amines and their salts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.9781627082563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of corrosive environments. The most common is an aqueous environment containing inorganic and organic acids. However, other aqueous corrosion processes in the refinery can also be due to the presence of oxygen, bisulfide, cyanide, microbiological growth, or other corrosion-inducing species. Nonaqueous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Organization , 1990 . “ Beryllium Environmental Health Criteria 106 (EHC 106) ,” International Program on Chemical Safety Yoshida T. , et al. , 1997 . Ind. Health , July 1997 Selected References Selected References • IARC , 1994 . Beryllium, Cadmium, Mercury and Exposures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., precipitation, winds, and the mechanical and chemical action of natural forces such as sand and rock particles, soil dust, volcanic dust, organic matter, and industrial dust. Also, various physical, chemical, and biological factors, including manipulation of the environment as may occur in many engineering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... Injection Moulding Process , J. Mater. Process. Technol. , Vol 143 , 2003 , p 397 – 402 10.1016/S0924-0136(03)00402-3 • Davari H.R. , Gholamzadeh H. , Dehghan S.A. , and Paydar M.H. , Effect of Sintering Parameters (Time and Temperature) upon the Fabrication Process of Organic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... (tuberculation), deposits (deposit corrosion), and below accumulations or biological materials (biologically influenced corrosion). Similarly, unintentional crevices such as cracks, seams, and other metallurgical defects could serve as sites for corrosion. Fig. 6 Corrosion caused at crevices...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... biological microscope. Up until a few decades ago, most microscope manufacturers produced the standard upright tube-type microscope. Because the metallographer requires a microscope with reflected light, special attachments were made to fit onto the standard microscope. Today, microscope manufacturers make...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...-packed. (a) Hot worked. (b) Annealed. Source: Engelhard Industries Division, Engelhard Corporation Silver is characterized by its bright appearance, high thermal and electrical conductivities, reflectivity, and very high malleability. It is resistant to corrosion in many organic acids...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
..., at a pH of 8.5. This precipitation requires the absence of fluoride, silica, phosphate, and organic matters. Beryllium can be separated from aluminum using 8-hydroxyquinoline. Aluminum is precipitated from an acetate-buffered acetic acid solution of pH 5.7. Iron and titanium can be precipitated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... if a treatment altered the friction characteristics of the hair. Atomic force microscopy can test individual cells. Some of the soft tissues in body joints are studied by AFM in lateral force mode to investigate friction changes when experimental biological alterations are made. More macroscopic friction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... acid, hydrofluoric acid, nitric acid, and organic acids, particularly acetic acid. The superaustenitics are also used in equipment for urea synthesis and sour gas environments. Equipment fabricated from 6% Mo superaustenitics has included crystallizers, mixing vessels, pressure vessels, tanks, columns...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1