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biological evaluation

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Abstract This chapter explains how metallography and hardness testing are used to evaluate the quality and condition of metal products. It also discusses the use of tensile testing, fracture toughness and impact testing, fatigue testing, and nondestructive test methods including ultrasonic, x...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... purposes of corrosion tests, the logical steps in a test program, and the preparation and cleaning of test specimens. The focus then moves on to discuss the types and applications of these test categories and the associated evaluation procedures. Excluding electrochemical tests which are addressed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... environments, the tendency is for microorganisms present in the water to attach to and grow on the immersed surfaces of structural materials, resulting in the formation of a biological film, or biofilm. Larger, macroscopic organisms, such as the well-known barnacles and mussels, are also present in many...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., chemical, or other biological means before biodegradation as defined here can proceed. For comparative purposes, low-density PE with a molecular weight average of M ¯ w = 150 , 000 contains approximately 11,000 carbon atoms. Decreasing molecules of this size to biologically...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... materials, and corrosion-resistant materials. This suggests that the prominent opportunities in the future will come from applying powder-binder forming technologies to such topics as personal electronics and new energy systems. Other ideas under evaluation include hollow stents for stabilization of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... bronchitis, and so on may incur further impairment if beryllium particulates are inhaled. Other existing diseases (nervous, blood, kidney, etc.) may also be adversely affected from exposure to beryllium [ U.S. Department of Energy 1999 ]. The biological half-life of beryllium in humans was calculated to be...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., mechanical or chemical rupture of a protective oxide coating, galvanic corrosion from a relatively distant cathode, the formation of a metal ion or oxygen concentration cell under a solid deposit (crevice corrosion), and the presence of biological organisms. The rate of pitting is related to the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... atmospheric corrosion Pourbaix diagrams biologically influenced corrosion ATMOSPHERIC CORROSION is the degradation and destruction of metallic materials and their structure and properties due to interaction with the terrestrial atmosphere at its characteristic air temperature, humidity, air chemistry...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... ). Over the years, many improvements in inhibitor technology have been made in formulation and methods of applying inhibitors. The methods of evaluating the performance during their use have also advanced considerably. Many different inhibitor formulations are...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Metal ion analysis (iron, manganese, copper, zinc, nickel, and so forth) Hydrogen Biological assay Any one technique may give erroneous results; therefore, a combination of methods is usually employed. Measurements made over a relatively short period allow operational or process changes to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... light for transparent material, for example, stained biological specimens. Metallographic specimens are opaque to light, and therefore, a metallurgical microscope needs a source of reflected light. This source of light is discussed in the following sections. Both kinds of microscopes are commonly called...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... a titanium alloy (or custom designing one) for a specific application. Ti-6Al-4V also is the standard alloy selected for castings that must exhibit superior strength. It even has been evaluated in P/M processing. Ti-6Al-4V will continue to be the most-used titanium alloy for many years in the future...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... natural (indoor and outdoor) atmospheres. Waters are probably the next most frequently used natural environment. Also, aluminum products are used in production equipment and as containers for chemicals and food and beverage products. Biological organisms are present...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... equivalent to service tests Service test data Performance data of coatings systems under use conditions. Slowest evaluation method; provides tangible results FACT, Ford anodized aluminum corrosion test. (a) Note that dissolved CO 2 concentration at 0 °C (32 °F) is three times that of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
..., such as temperature and humidity; potential exposure to other vapors or liquids; performance reliability; biological inertness; flammability; special requirements, such as electrical and thermal needs; and/or cost. In this book, reference to specific adhesives is usually made only with regard to the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.9781627082563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... (tightness) Crevice depth Exterior to interior surface area ratio Environmental Bulk solution: O 2 content, pH, chloride level, temperature, agitation Mass transport, migration Diffusion and convection Crevice solution: hydrolysis equilibria Biological influences Electrochemical reactions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... reviewed in Ref 11 . The role of the type of oil or gas condensate is important from the standpoint of accurate assessment ( Ref 12 , 13 ). Other studies ( Ref 14 , 15 ) have evaluated the effects of critical parameters such as pH and velocity on CO 2 corrosion. Predictive models, including a...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., biological Corrosion resistance, biocompatibility Corrosion protection, catalyst carriers, environmental protection, sensors, implants (joints, teeth, etc.) Electrical, magnetic Electrical conductivity (high or low, respectively), semiconducting, piezo-thermoelectricity, dielectrical properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2