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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract Phase diagrams are graphical representations that show the phases present in the material at various compositions, temperatures, and pressures. This chapter begins with a section describing the construction of phase diagrams for the simple binary isomorphous system. A binary...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
...-nickel alloy system. eutectic reactions peritectic reactions space model ternary phase diagram TERNARY SYSTEMS are those having three components. It is not possible to describe the composition of a ternary alloy with a single number or fraction, as was done with binary alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter is a compilation of beryllium phase diagrams, representing more than 25 binary alloy systems from beryllium-aluminum to beryllium-zirconium. Each diagram is presented along with a summary and source reference. beryllium alloys binary phase diagram...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... diagrams can be constructed from time-temperature cooling curves and how they can be used to predict the phases present, their chemical compositions, and relative amounts. It also shows how phase diagrams can be modified to account for nonequilibrium cooling conditions. binary isomorphous systems...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... (Fe, Mn, Ni, Cr, V, Ti) and with metals such as Mg and Cu. This chapter is a compilation of phase diagrams, microstructure images, and tables, providing information on more than 30 binary, ternary, and quaternary alloy systems associated with intermetallic phases in aluminum-silicon castings. Each...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... to take advantage of eutectic solidification in the binary iron-carbon system. Like steel, heat treatment of cast iron includes stress relieving, annealing, normalizing, through hardening, and surface hardening. This chapter introduces solid-state heat treatment of iron castings, covering general...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... degrees of freedom are required to fix temperature and pressure and to vary the composition. Reaction morphologies consisting of two-phase structures (i.e., precipitates or wavy interfaces) are, therefore, thermodynamically forbidden for binary systems, assuming that only volume diffusion takes place...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... that can be assigned to each pixel, vision systems can be classified: Binary System. The voltage level for each pixel is assigned a digital value of 0 or 1, depending on whether the magnitude of the signal is less than or greater than some predetermined threshold level. The light intensity for each...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... of heat treatment procedures for specific alloys that will produce the required mechanical, physical, and chemical properties, and (4) solving problems that arise with specific alloys in their performance in commercial applications. 1.1 Unary Systems 1.2 Binary Systems 1.3 Temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... temperature is not affected by quenching rate. Fig. 4.6 Effect of alloy content on martensite-start (M s ) temperature of binary alloys. Tantalum has the least effect, while iron depresses the M s at the greatest rate. These rates correlate with strengthening in beta-stabilized systems. Fig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
.... , Phase Diagrams of Binary Titanium Alloys , ASM International , 1987 2.5 Askeland R. , The Science and Engineering of Materials , Brooks/Cole Engineering Division, Wadsworth, Inc. , 1984 , p 157 , 163 2.6 Hayes F.H. , The Al-Ti-V (Aluminum-Titanium-Vanadium) System , J...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... bond energies and chemical potentials, and shows how the equilibrium state of an alloy can be obtained from free-energy curves. binary solid solutions chemical potential Gibbs free energy interatomic bonds phase diagrams single-component systems thermodynamics THERMODYNAMICS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
..., until the 1990s, mainly restricted to binary and ternary systems or limited to “ideal industrial materials,” where only major elements were included. The key to the general application of CALPHAD methods in multicomponent systems was the development of sound, validated thermodynamic databases for use...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... on eutectic compositions for various reasons, including the minimization of both energy input and coring, or alloy segregation. For example, the iron-carbon system has a eutectic at composition of 4.3 wt% C, which is the basis of cast irons. Many other binary systems have phase diagrams with multiple eutectic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... . Physical Properties of Ti 50 Be 40 Zr 10 Glass , Scr. Metall. , Vol 11 ( No. 9 ), p 783 – 789 10.1016/0036-9748(77)90076-X Tanner L.E. , and Ray R. , 1979 . Metallic Glass Formation and Properties in Zr and Ti Alloyed with Be—1. The Binary Zr-Be and Ti-Be Systems , Acta...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... with a region of spinodal decomposition is shown in Fig. 9.16(a) with a corresponding free-energy curve ( Fig. 9.16b ). If a composition, X 0 , is heated above the critical temperature, T c , the binary system is in the region of full solid solubility with a single-phase field, α 0 , at temperature T 0...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... of a eutectic binary alloy [ Ber 83 ] Fig. 4.11 Tertiary system representation. (a) Isothermal section (temperature T 1 = constant). (b) Quasi-binary section (alloy component B, e.g., 40%) [ Ber 83 ] Fig. 4.13 Precipitation of a two-phase system [ Wie 86 ] Fig. 4.14 Time...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... metallic elements in the periodic table where the binary systems have been examined. Aluminum and silicon are exceptions. The family of beryllides, therefore, includes a large number of intermetallic compounds. Many of the compounds discussed here are high-melting compounds that exhibit excellent oxidation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... structures than that of the parent phase. The number of solid phases formed equals the number of components in the system. The reaction is: Solid  γ → Solid  α + Solid  β Peritectoid transformation , where two solid phases of a binary alloy transform into one phase on cooling. Peritectoid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... the measured diffusion coefficient and the intrinsic diffusion diffusivities of the individual atom species for a binary system of atoms A and B is: (Eq 5.12) D = C A D A + C B D B Here, C A and C B are the mole fractions of A and B , respectively, and D...