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binary solid solutions

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... single-component and binary solid solutions. It then examines the relationship between the free energy of a solution and the chemical potentials of the individual components. It also explains how to account for the heat of mixing using quasi-chemical models, discusses the effect of interatomic bond...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract When a metal is alloyed with another metal, either substitutional or interstitial solid solutions are usually formed. This chapter discusses the general characteristics of these solutions and the effects of several alloying elements on the yield strength of pure metals. It presents...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter describes the physical characteristics, properties, and behaviors of solid solutions under equilibrium conditions. It begins with a review of a single-component pure metal system and its unary phase diagram. It then examines the solid solution formed by copper and nickel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... 15.25 Binary phase diagram of beryllium-zinc. Source: Okamoto and Tanner 1987d Figure 15.26 . The beryllium-zirconium system is a very complex one, with four stable intermetallic compounds and one metastable compound. The beryllium terminal solid solution contains only 0.03 at.% Zr...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... in precipitation structures. As in the case of invariant reactions during solidification, important solid-state transformations from invariant reactions are of three types: Eutectoid transformation , where a solid solution converts into two or more intimately mixed solids with different...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... morphology. It then discusses the concept of solid solutions, the difference between substitutional and interstitial solid solubility, the effect of alloying elements, and the development of intermetallic phases. The chapter also covers the construction and use of binary and ternary phase diagrams and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... few systems consist of components having the same crystalline structure, and the components of some of these systems are completely soluble, or miscible, in each other in the solid form, thus forming a continuous series of solid solutions. When this occurs in a binary system, the phase diagram usually...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... Abstract This chapter serves as a study and guide on the main phase constituents of cast aluminum-silicon alloys, alpha-Al solid solution and Si crystals. The first section focuses on the structure of Al-Si castings in the as-cast state, covering the morphology of the alpha-Al solid solution...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... the sulfur content is balanced by manganese, manganese sulfide (MnS) will form, which is relatively harmless because it is distributed randomly within the grains. On solidification, silicon remains in solid solution in the iron, in both ferrite and austenite, and does not affect the composition of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... distinguishes intermediate phases from primary solid solutions, which are based on pure metals. Some intermediate phases can accurately be called intermetallic compounds, when, like Mg 2 Pb, they have a fixed simple ratio of the two kinds of atoms. However, many intermediate phases that exist over a range of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract Phases are distinct states of aggregation of matter and one of the primary leverage points for understanding and applying materials. This chapter discusses the phase nature of metals and alloys, the concept of solid solutions, and the use of phase diagrams. It also describes some of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... structure of metals and their role in mechanical deformation, annealing, precipitation, and diffusion. It describes the concept of solid solutions and the effect of temperature on solubility and phase transformations. The chapter also discusses the formation of solidification structures, the use of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... diagrams face-centered cubic grain boundaries hexagonal close-packed line defects planar defects point defects solid solution solubility limit volume defects THE BUILDING BLOCK of all matter, including metals, is the atom, which means “unable to be cut” in Greek. The concept of the atom...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... The strengthening mechanisms covered are solid-solution strengthening, cold working, and dispersion strengthening. The effect of grain size on the yield strength of a material is also discussed. cold working creep deformation dispersion strengthening elasticity plasticity solid-solution...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... hypothetical binary equilibrium phase diagram between A and B, where the phase boundaries are straight lines. An alloy with an initial composition given by C 0 will then start to solidify forming a solid with kC 0 content of solute (where k is the solute distribution coefficient for B in this alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... solid, and this region is labeled α because it is customary to use a Greek letter for the designation of a solid phase that is also a solid solution. At temperatures between the two curves, the liquid and solid phases are present together, as is indicated by the designation L + α. Therefore, the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... range that is narrower than that of solid solutions. The chemical composition of the intermetallic phase is characterized by a specific component concentration ratio. Very often this ratio assigned to its stoichiometric formula is not based on the valences of the particular atoms. Inorganic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... manganese and nickel). The diagram for the binary iron-chromium system is representative of the effect of a ferrite stabilizer ( Fig. 10.37 ). At temperatures just below the solidus, body-centered cubic (bcc) chromium forms a continuous solid solution with bcc (δ) ferrite. At lower temperatures, the γ-iron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... Strengthening of non-heat-treatable alloys is a result of a combination of solid-solution strengthening, second-phase constituents, dispersoid precipitates, and work hardening. The alloys normally hardened by work or strain hardening include the commercially pure aluminums (1 xxx ), the aluminum-manganese...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... neighboring bonds in order to move to a new location. At one time, it was assumed that in a binary solid solution, both species of atoms diffused in opposite directions at the same velocity via a direct exchange mechanism. However, Ernest Kirkendall, during a short career as a professor at Wayne State...