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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
...Abstract Abstract Aluminum products are used extensively in natural atmospheres and in and around water. They are also widely used in building materials and as containers for chemicals and food and beverage products. This chapter discusses the corrosion mechanisms associated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... parts of autos, trucks, and aircraft). Other uses include packaging (beverage cans and foil) and building and construction (siding, roofing, doors, and windows). Its low electrical resistance makes it useful in electrical wiring and overhead transmission lines, while corrosion resistance makes it useful...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
..., and relatively high ultimate tensile strength when compared to typical carbon steels. They are also ductile and tough at very low subzero temperatures. Type 304 steel is used for chemical processing equipment, food, dairy, and beverage industries, and heat exchangers. Type 316 steel is used in chemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...-walled aluminum food containers, however, are coated to resist perforation ( Ref 1 ). Corrosion resistance of a material must be defined in terms of the use of the material. For example, a pinhole perforation in a thin-walled food or beverage container is a corrosion failure, whereas pits of the same...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... for foil, beverage cans, cooking and food processing utensils, architectural and electrical applications, and structures for boats, aircraft, and other transportation vehicles. As a result of a naturally occurring tenacious surface oxide film (Al 2 O 3 ), a great number of aluminum alloys have exceptional...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... is shredded, and any lacquer is removed from cans before remelting. Remelting aluminum requires only 5% of the energy that is required to produce virgin aluminum from bauxite, and emits only 5% of the CO 2 . The energy saving is 14 kwh/kg. In the United States, nearly half of all aluminum beverage cans...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... of Yielded Region of Plastic Take the piece of plastic that holds a six-pack of beverage cans together and try to stretch the ligaments. This will require a high force at first, but then the force required will decrease as the yielded region expands. See Fig. 9.6 . Decrease of Strength in 90...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... and beverages to chemicals and liquid natural gas (LNG). Practice in the past has been to use austenitic grades of stainless with cathodic protection when necessary to address inadequate corrosion resistance. However, since 2000 marine chemical tankers have become the largest consumer of duplex stainless steel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... molding is used with many different plastics, including high-density polyethylene (HDPE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polycarbonate (PC), polypropylene (PP), and polyethylene terephthalate (polyester, or PET). The largest use is the PET beverage bottle. The same process of blow molding is used to make...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... and alcoholic beverages dates back to the era of Benjamin Franklin. One manifestation was the “dry bellyache” with accompanying paralysis, which was mentioned by Franklin in a letter to a friend. This malady was actually caused by the ingestion of lead from corroded lead coil condensers used in making brandy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... E.A. , Mater. Sci. Eng. , Vol 29 , 1977 , p 99 – 115 10.1016/0025-5416(77)90114-8 20. Remus C.A. , Beverage World , Vol 107 , 1988 , p 84 21. Guidelines for Minimizing Water Staining of Aluminum , 3rd ed. , 1990 , The Aluminum Association 22. Koch G.P...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... resistance, including exposure to seawater and marine atmospheres. This characteristic is also the basis for extensive use in food and beverage processing. Aluminum-magnesium alloys offer excellent weldability and are often used in architectural and other decorative applications. Aluminum-magnesium alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... in the electrical and electronics industries. Aluminum is nonpyrophoric, which is important in applications involving inflammable or explosive materials handling or exposure. Aluminum is nontoxic and is routinely used in containers for food and beverages. Aluminum has an attractive appearance in its...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... punch, rubber forming without blank holder, rubber forming with blank order (Marform process), drawing against liquid (Aquadraw process), explosive forming, hydroforming Applications: drawing of deep and shallow cups, ammunition sheets, cartridge cases, beverage cans, sinks, cooling pots; drawing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... to shipping vibrations. Many products, such as beverage cans, have a plastic surface, that is, a plastic coating. In the shipping of beverage cans, fretting motion can cause enough trade dress damage that people are reluctant to purchase these cans. Similarly, many electronic devices and countless other items...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... room and elevated temperatures. Aerospace components produced from magnesium castings include main transmission housings for helicopters and gearboxes and gearbox housings for commercial and military aircraft. Aluminum beverage cans have become a significant factor in the supply-demand relationship...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... is an industrial and consumer metal of great importance. Aluminum and its alloys are used for foil, beverage cans, cooking and food processing utensils, architectural and electrical applications, and structures for boats, aircraft, and other transportation vehicles. As a result of a naturally occurring tenacious...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... more similar to that of the matrix: hence, less galvanic driving force for pitting. These alloys are generally considered to have excellent corrosion resistance. They commonly find use in beverage and food containers, building products, heat exchanger tubing, and other general uses requiring good...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... the depth of the drawn part is significant compared to the dimensions of the blank. Good examples of deep-drawn parts are beverage cans and kitchen sinks. A test simulating deep drawing consists of a flat-bottomed punch pushing a circular sheet metal blank into a die cavity to produce flat-bottomed circular...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... and Beverage Industry Pharmaceutical Industry Orthopedic Devices Oil and Gas Industry Power Industry Pulp and Paper Industry Transportation Industry Architectural Applications Copper Chromium Iron Molybdenum Tungsten Silicon Cobalt Niobium and Tantalum Aluminum...