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bend strength

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... DP 600 and TRIP 600 sheet materials of different thicknesses. Source: Ref 6.13 Fig. 6.11 Comparison of the stretchability of mild steel and advanced high-strength steels. Source: Ref 6.3 Fig. 6.12 Bendability of advanced high-strength steels in three-point bending test. Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... and causing severe creep (roll-in, inward movement of the bend edge). Using experimental data provided by an air bending company for sheet/plate, BEND programs were verified for three different sheet materials: ASTM A36; a high-strength, low-alloy steel; and a stainless steel. The main parameter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... component formability The performance index for selecting a sheet metal panel meeting the constraints on bending strength and thinness is given by Ref 12.10 : t >= [ 6 M / W σ y ] 1 / 2 where, for a panel of width W subjected to a moment, M , without...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... exposure to excessive temperatures can increase the internal stresses within a component or decrease the strength of the material, resulting in component failure. One example is a worn bushing or damaged bearing, which could result in a rotating shaft being exposed to bending stresses, in addition to the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... springback than drawing because of work hardening and superimposed stretching on bending. As steel strength increases, potential depth of a panel decreases for drawing and stretch forming. Advanced high-strength steel deep panels require using drawing operations. As mentioned in section 12.7...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... use on different metals and alloys. The chapter also discusses design-based approaches for preventing fatigue failures. crack initiation crack propagation fatigue analysis fatigue fracture appearance fatigue life fatigue strength What this amounts to in everyday...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
..., loaded in bending, with minimum embodied energy content. The derivation follows Ashby’s method ( Ref 16.6 ). Fig. 16.5 Strength-embodied material property energy chart. Courtesy of Granta Design. Source: Ref 16.6 Assume a flat panel has a specified length, L , and width, w , but a...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... detailed images, diagrams, and explanations. It discusses the various factors that influence strength and ductility, including grain size, loading rate, and temperature. It also provides information on the origin of residual stresses, the concept of toughness, and the damage mechanisms associated with...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... precracked specimens as implied in Fig. 3.12 . In 6 to 9 MPa (0.9 to 1.3 ksi) hydrogen, biaxial loading (punched test on clamped plate) was shown to be more detrimental than uniaxial loading ( Ref 3.27 ) (actually, four-point bending). Holding untempered AISI 4340 steel with an ultimate tensile strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... Abstract This chapter summarizes the performance attributes of advanced high-strength steels, namely stiffness, strength, strain hardening, fatigue, crashworthiness, formability, toughness, and bake hardening. advanced high-strength steels stiffness mechanical strength strain hardening...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... core properties including hardenability, microstructure, tensile and yield strength, ductility, toughness, and fatigue resistance. It likewise explains how carbon affects case hardenability, surface hardness, and case toughness and how case depth influences residual stresses and bending and contact...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... process parameters and provides test data showing how they affect hardness, yield strength, bending and contact fatigue, and fracture toughness. It also addresses potential problems stemming from process-related factors such as the presence of hydrogen and the effects of aging and grinding. In regard to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... springback and bending of advanced high-strength steels. It also discusses the factors that affect the accuracy of finite element simulations such as springback, thickness variations, and nonisothermal effects...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... high-strength steel part. Source: Ref 2 As previously mentioned, much of the fatigue data in the literature has been determined for completely reversed bending with σ m = 0. However, the effects of mean stress are important, and an increase in mean stress will always cause a reduction in the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... a press brake. The material is stressed beyond the yield strength but below the ultimate tensile strength. The surface area of the material does not change much. Bending usually refers to deformation about one axis and is a flexible process by which many different shapes can be produced. Standard...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... classified in different ways. One way is to consider them either as dimensional distortion (growth or shrinkage) or as shape distortion (such as bending, twisting, or buckling). They may also be classified as being either temporary or permanent in nature. This chapter discusses the nature, causes, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
..., carbonitriding, and nitrocarburizing. The discussion on carburizing addresses several interrelated factors, including processing principles, alloying, surface oxidation, residual stresses, bending fatigue, contact fatigue, and fracture. carbonitriding carburizing ferritic nitrocarburizing flame...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... standard tensile test may be used for an analysis of bending. For good bend design, the tensile stress at point X is less than the ultimate tensile strength, as shown. If the tensile stress approaches or exceeds the ultimate strength, the metal will likely tear or fracture during bending. Fig. 12...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... stresses go from zero (at point 0) to a maximum value at point X on the outside surface, the stress-strain curve developed by the standard tensile test may be used for an analysis of bending. For good bend design, the tensile stress at point X is less than the ultimate tensile strength, as shown. If the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
..., including tensile and yield strengths, and should undergo bend and other special formability tests. Paper interleaving protects surfaces of titanium sheet in storage and in warehouse handling. Bare sheets should be prevented from sliding over each other or over work tables to avoid surface damage...