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bearings

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract A pair of bearings mounted side by side in an aircraft engine failed in service. Photographs show that the inner rings were either broken or deformed, the balls were worn and flattened, and the cages severely damaged. The bearing races were damaged as well, but only on one...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract One of the rotor bearings in an electric motor failed, producing excessive vibrate. The bearing was removed and disassembled, revealing craters and bruises on the inner ring raceway and balls along with evidence of melting and burning of metal. Scanning electron microscopy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... that one of the bearings had been subjected to excessive friction, evidenced by brinelling, metal flow, heat tinting, deformation, and wear. They also observed extensive grooving on a retaining plate and several washers matching the diameter of the outer bearing races. Based on their findings...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter documents the key findings of an investigation into the failure of an aircraft’s main wheel bearing housing. Using annotated images and a detailed SEM fractograph, it shows what investigators observed that led them to conclude that the flange on one of the hubs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... and properties of lead used in battery grids, type metals, and bearings. It, likewise, discusses the use of tin in various types of solder and in bearings and provides composition and property data for application-specific designations and grades. The article also discusses the effect of impurities in tin-lead...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
..., stretching, and deflection; and the length and profile of bearing surfaces. It outlines the steps and processes involved in die making, describes the selection and treatment of die materials, and examines the factors that influence friction and wear. It also discusses the general procedures for on-site die...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
.... It then goes on to analyze the stress state of load-bearing members, pressurized tubes, and pin-loaded lugs, accounting for the effect of geometric discontinuities, such as cutouts, fillets, and holes, as well as cracks. It also explains how finite element methods are used to solve problems involving complex...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... (such as chlorides, bromides, iodides, and fluorides), sulfur-bearing compounds (such as H2S and sulfur-oxyanions), high-temperature and supercritical water, and caustics (such as NaOH), while accounting for temperature, composition, microstructure, properties, environmental contaminants, and other factors...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract The first step in the hardening of steel is getting it hot enough to form austenite, from which martensite can form upon quenching. Not all steels have the same austenitization requirements, however. High-carbon wear-resistant steels, such as bearing and tool steels, require...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., along with their associated results. A brief discussion on the linear elastic fracture mechanics method is presented, along with an example of its effectiveness as a predictive tool for impact performance. Various issues with a bearing on impact performance, such as processing, chemical attack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... an earthquake, but this has not progressed farther than demonstration. However, in many parts of the planet, public (even private) buildings must be designed to accommodate earthquakes. A common technique is to set the building on essentially flat pad bearings (usually of a polymer, like PTFE). These bearing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... dispersion throughout the laminate. Keep the laminate as symmetric and balanced as possible. Ply concentrations of the same angle do not allow load shearing between plies. 5. Composite joints should be designed to fail in either bearing or tension. Shear-out failures result in low joint strengths. 6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... as stress concentrations that can cause fracture of the major part. This is particularly true with respect to gear teeth. In bearings, the pits increase the rolling resistance and can lead to overheating of the bearing and increased loads on other components. Also, the metal removed from the cavities...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... to improve expensive die life and to finally improve the surface finish of extrusion. Further improvements continue. With the application of computers in both the design and manufacturing of extrusion dies, it has been possible to use very small bearing lengths. The scope is still there to optimize...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... and power transmission (belts, etc.) systems and foe in vehicles where fuel consumption is a factor. Whatever the case, friction is a necessary design consideration, and it must be addressed in materials selection for tribosystems. Bronzes may be the oldest bearing material after wood on wood, and tin...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
...-Metal Zone-Flowing Metal Interface Friction Heat Generation Due to Die Bearing-Material Interface Friction Influence of Temperature in Extrusion Principal Variables and Their Effects Existing Measurement Systems Research on Temperature Measurements As discussed in the previous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... with temperature in a steel housing, the inside diameter becomes smaller. This can lead to seizure; the running clearance is used up. This is another idiosyncrasy of plastics. A rule of thumb for plastic plain bearings is 1% (0.010 in. clearance for every inch of shaft diameter). For a 1.000 in. diameter steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... analyzed the wood bearings and concluded that the Egyptians had a wheel lubricant with a complex additive package. Thus, the concept of applying substances to rubbing surfaces dates back thousands of years and continues today (2021) with the same objective: lowering friction between rubbing surfaces...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
.... Source: Ref 4 Fig. 15 (a) Sketch of counterformal, or convex, surfaces in contact; examples are gear teeth and roller or needle bearings rolling on a shaft, an inner raceway, or a flat surface. (b) Sketch of conformal surfaces, where a convex surface is in contact with a concave surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... are relatively high, and there were no low-friction sliding couples. Thus, for an unlubricated wearing system, the average coefficient of friction (COF) for dry sliding couples was about 0.8. Fig. 9.7 Coefficient of friction (μ k ) of various stainless steel couples wear tested in a thrust bearing type...