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bainitic microstructure

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... properties of such steels. It also addresses microalloyed forging steels and explains how nontraditional bainitic microstructures can be produced by direct cooling after forging. medium-carbon steel microalloying bainite strengthening microstructure microalloyed steel MEDIUM-CARBON STEELS...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter examines the isothermal phase transformations of the iron-carbide system. The discussion includes the formation of ferritic, eutectoid, hypoeutectoid, hypereutectoid, bainitic, and martensitic microstructures as well as their properties, composition...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Bainite Transformation Start Temperatures Bainite versus Ferritic Microstructures Upper Bainite Lower Bainite Bainite Formation Mechanisms Mechanical Behavior of Ferrite-Carbide Bainites References References 6.1 Davenport E.S. and Bain E.C. , Transformation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... 15.2 Fig. 15.28 Effect of steel carbon content on the transition temperature between upper and lower bainite. Source: Ref 15.22 as published in Ref 15.19 Fig. 15.29 Schematic illustrations of various ferrite (white)-cementite (black) microstructures defined as bainite according...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., namely martensite and bainite. It also discusses the formation of austenite, the control and measurement of austenitic grain size, the characteristics of ferritic microstructures, and the methods used to classify ferrite morphology. austenite austenite decomposition austenitic grain size bainite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... normalizing heat treatments. The proeutectoid forms of ferrite, as well as the ferritic microstructures formed at lower, intermediate temperatures in the bainite range, are described in more detail in this chapter. Depending on carbon content, alloy content, and cooling rate, several morphologies...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... temperatures, but the amounts are not large enough to lower hardness as is the case for higher-carbon, more highly alloyed tool steels such as the high-carbon, high-chromium cold-work steels. The hardness of the bainitic microstructures in the specimens cooled at rates simulating those in heavy, air-cooled...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... . 33. Transformation Diagrams of Steels Made in France , Vol 1–4 , I.R.S.I.D, St Germainen-Laye , 1953 - 1960 . 34. Grozier J.D. , MicroAlloying , Union Carbide Corp. , New York , 1977 , p. 241 . 35. Atlas for Bainitic Microstructures , Vol 1 , Bainite Research Committee...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... the production of hypo- and hypereutectoid steels and the effect of cooling rate on microstructure. It also examines quenched steels and the phase transformations associated with rapid cooling. It describes the development of lath and plate martensite, retained austenite, and bainite and how to identify...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.9781627082655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Fig. 2.1(a) Various microstructures formed in an AISI/SAE 1080 steel. A fully pearlitic microstructure. 4% picral etch. 500× Fig. 2.1(b) A fully bainitic microstructure. 4% picral etch. 1000× Fig. 2.1(c) A fully martensitic microstructure. Sodium metabisulfite etch. 1000...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., including dual- and complex-phase steels, transformation-induced plasticity steels, ferritic-bainitic steels, and quenched and partitioned steels. It explains how different manufacturing processes, including coating, affect the grain size, microstructure, and formability of these important steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... in a salt bath at 400 °C (750 °F) to obtain a bainitic matrix microstructure for achieving the high strength required for chains. Quenching in a salt bath at 293 °C (559 °F) produces even higher strengths but with slightly lower elongation. 8.1.2 Limitations The casting needs to solidify fully...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... that produces a bainitic microstructure, which is harder than an annealed microstructure. The equilibrium matrix microstructures that are possible in cast irons are ferrite, pearlite, and cementite. However, cast irons can be heat treated like steels. The hardened microstructure in a carbon steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... and case depth measurements in the thinner section were introduced so that any nonconformance would be detected and not reach the customer. The corrective measures resulted in a pearlitic-bainitic microstructure in the core of the thin section, and the toughness and, consequently, the breaking load...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... of Cambridge (United Kingdom) produced a strong and tough microstructure by using a low-temperature austempering process. In the heat treatment, the high-carbon austenite transforms to nanoscale thick bainitic microstructure with no carbides. Most of the work on nanomaterials is considered research...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
.... The primary carbide is resolved at higher magnification in the scanning electron micrograph on the right. Fig. 2-8 The microstructure of spheroidite, consisting of spherical “globs” of carbide crystals in ferrite Fig. 2-9 Example of the microstructure of bainite in an oil quenched 0.47% C...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
.... Martensite microstructure is the farthest, followed by bainite, ferrite, and cementite (Ref 14) . When the martensitic structure is metastable, there is a natural tendency to transform it to a structure with more stability, and those modifications are accelerated by increasing the temperature during...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... to bainite formation. Source: Ref 25 Fig. 14.23 Typical microstructures for the usual supply conditions for 2.25 Cr 1 Mo steel. Grade JIS STBA24. (a) Annealed, ferrite and pearlite. (b) Bainite and ferrite. (c) Bainite. (d) Carbides dispersed in ferrite. Grade JIS SCMV 4NT. (e) Dislocation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... temperatures. The effect of high silicon additions on austenite retention rather than cementite formation has also been documented in bainitic transformations; bainitic microstructures in high-silicon steels consist of ferrite and austenite rather than ferrite and cementite ( Ref 5 , 6 ). The high...