1-20 of 52 Search Results for

axle shafts

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... for heating and quenching, as employed for the thermal treatments indicated. AF, audio frequency; RF, radio frequency. Source: Ref 6 Fig. 10.2 Bending fatigue response of furnace-hardened and induction-hardened medium-carbon steel tractor axles. Shaft diameter: 70 mm (2.75 in.). Fillet radius: 1.6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... >200 >8 3.2 0.125 Source: Ref 2 Fig. 9.15 Grain-boundary oxidation and melting due to overheating during forging. Unetched. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 9.8 Quench cracks in axle shaft flange radius. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 9.9 Quench crack in induction-hardened shoulder...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Cold-pressing quality Cold-flanging quality Forging quality Pressure vessel quality Hot-rolled carbon steel bars Merchant quality Special hardenability Special internal soundness Nonmetallic inclusion requirement Special surface Scrapless nut quality Axle shaft quality Cold extrusion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... the integral quench. Figure 4.14 : Single-turn machined coil with integral quench for scanning designed for close impingement of quenchant after scanning. The machined taper at the quench holes provides the desired angle of quenchant impingement. This particular coil was designed for axle shaft hardening...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... as bands or beach marks on the fracture surface. Changes in direction of loading during crack propagation due to shifting loads within the component or outside influences . One such change can occur on a rotating shaft. If the torque sense is temporarily reversed, as in during braking on a drive axle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... to measure the case depth of induction-hardened parts such as axles, shafts, rollers, and bearings. An ultrasonic microstructural analyzer ( Fig. 12.3 ) uses a transducer to apply the sound-to-measure case depths from 1 to 20 mm (0.040 to 0.80 in.). The analyzer measures the hardness depth by looking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
..., such as chevron cracking ( Fig. 18.2 ) [ Hannan et al., 2000 ]. Fig. 18.2 Automotive axle shaft with chevrons [ Hannan et al., 2000 ] Spherical dies are sometimes used in extrusion of safety parts, because they provide more uniform grain flow around corners and improved dimensional controls on net...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-treated Ford vanadium steel was also used in axles, shafts, springs, and gears. The increased strength allowed weight savings, but the heat treatment also resulted in improved toughness, or shock resistance. Mr. Ford recognized the great possibilities of this shock-resisting steel. It was a must because...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
.... 12.3 . Another example, illustrating preforming for a truck axle forging, is seen in Fig. 12.4 . Fig. 12.3 Example of preforming by reducer rolling in forging of connecting rods. (a) Preforms prepared in reducer rolls. (b) Finish forging before and after trimming. [ Altan et al., 1973...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... are needed, the choice may be multiple heating positions or the single-shot heating. Single-shot heating has limits in not being able to heat long parts because the energy requirements are too high. Long parts, such as axle shafts, are scanned. As mentioned, mechanical handling equipment can require a larger...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... maximum temperatures. The initial microstructure of the steel was pearlite. Source: Ref 40 , 41 Fig. 93 Bending fatigue response of furnace-hardened and induction-hardened medium-carbon steel tractor axles. Shaft diameter: 70 mm. Fillet radius: 1.6 mm. Source: Ref 45 Fig. 95...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... the hardness of as-quenched steels depends only on carbon content, carbon steels can be used instead of alloy steels for most applications. Induction-hardened tractor axles have a significant increase in bending fatigue over axles that are conventionally furnace hardened. Axles and shafts are also induction...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... cylindrical dies. Source: Ref 10 Roll forging can be used either as the sole or main operation in producing a shape. Generally this involves the shaping of long, thin, usually tapered parts. Typical examples are airplane propeller-blade half sections, tapered axle shafts, tapered leaf springs, table...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... J.D. , Matlock D.K. , and Krauss G. , Effects of Induction Tempering on Microstructure, Properties and Fracture of Hardened Carbon Steels , 43rd MWSP Conference Proceedings, ISS , 2001 , p 21 – 36 21.14 Fett G.A. , Characterization of Semi-Float Axle Shaft Bending...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
.... Fig. 12.3 Brittle fracture of a modified SAE 1050 (0.50% C, 0.95% Mn, 0.25% Si, 0.01% S, and 0.01% P) axle shaft due to single-bending impact load in a lab test. The hot rolled and upset shaft had an induction-hardened case (60 HRC) with a softer core (20 HRC). Failure occurred at the flange end...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., with their accompanying properties, is entirely desirable; therefore, the properties must be balanced to a more desirable blend of behavior characteristics. Examples are springs, fasteners of various types, shafts, pressure vessels, blades, hand tools, and many other types of parts. These various conditions can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... be produced in open dies is limited only by the capacity of the equipment available for heating, handling, and forging. Items such as marine propeller shafts, which may be several meters in diameter and as long as 23 m (75 ft), are forged by open-die methods. Similarly, forgings no more than a few centimeters...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...Induction heating applications and typical products Table 1.1 Induction heating applications and typical products Preheating prior to metalworking Heat treating Welding Melting Forging Gears Shafts Hand tools Ordnance Extrusion Structural members...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... compound-carbon steel. Nickel steel was the clear winner. Shortly thereafter, Bethlehem Iron Company produced nickel steel in forged armor plate and other forged parts including the 45-ton shaft for George Ferris’s famous wheel, which he built for the Chicago World’s Fair in 1893 ( FIG. 5.1 ). This first...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
.... This is a technique that is used to manufacture axisymmetrical parts. Reducing the diameters of ingots and bars, forging of stepped shafts and axles, forging of gun and rifle barrels, production of tubular components with and without internal profiles. Hobbing is the process of indenting or coining an impression...