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automotive exhaust systems

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Alloys normally used for the major elements of automotive exhaust systems Table 1 Alloys normally used for the major elements of automotive exhaust systems Component Service temperature Requirements Alloys currently used, common name (related designation) °C °F Exhaust...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
...Applications of sintered stainless steels Table 11.1 Applications of sintered stainless steels Application area Alloy Automotive Exhaust system flanges and sensor bosses 409L, 409LNi, 434L, 434LNb, 444L Antilock brake system sensor rings 410L, 434L Rearview mirror...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... of stretch forming is permitted. There are many applications where the longer corrosion life of low-chromium ferritics should economically replace carbon steel, as they have in automotive exhaust systems. There are no technical barriers to obtaining these savings; design engineers need to learn how to use...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... selection is for steels in an automotive exhaust system, which involves several material property requirements. Subsequent sections describe general characteristics in terms of physical properties, mechanical properties, and other factors. Fig. 17.5 Relationships among material properties, design...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... in automotive exhaust systems and in their catalytic converters, as well as in many other applications, the standard ferritic stainless steels—particularly type 409—are widely used, along with some other steels developed specifically for their superior oxidation resistance. Under favorable conditions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... in Fig. 6.6 . Type 409, a ferritic stainless steel, is mostly used in automotive exhaust systems. Austenitic types 304 and 304L are also used in exhaust systems, fuel tanks, chassis for buses and trucks, structural parts, and turbochargers. Types 304 and 304L are also widely used railway applications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
..., and developing new processing technology. In the area of performance, phase diagrams give an indication of which phases are thermodynamically stable in an alloy and can be expected to be present over a long time when the part is subjected to a particular temperature (e.g., in an automotive exhaust system...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... and the desirability of a low coefficient of thermal expansion. The preferred alloys are those developed for automotive exhaust systems, variations on 409 and 439. Flatware and cutlery were among the original uses of stainless. Stainless filled the gap between carbon steel, which was hard but whose rusting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... resistance and good fabricability at low cost. Type 409, the most widely used ferritic stainless steel, has gained wide acceptance for use in automotive exhaust systems. The intermediate chromium (16 to 18% Cr) alloys include type 430, which resists mild oxidizing acids and organic acids and is used in food...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
.... Similarly, copper rivets in steel plate may be satisfactory, but steel rivets through copper plate will corrode rapidly in an electrolyte. In a closed system, it may be possible to use corrosion inhibitors in the electrolyte. This is the principle used in automotive engine antifreezes, for the cooling...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... World Congress ( Kyoto, Japan ), 2000 38. “Automotive Exhaust System Materials Comparator,” ARMCO Steel Bulletin, ARMCO Inc. 2800-0042, ARMCO Steel , Middletown, OH , 1992 , p 11 – 92 39. Simmons W.F. and Cross H.C. , Report on Elevated Temperature Properties of Chromium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Ridge, TN. (b) Also contains 0.5% Ni, 0.3% Si, and 0.016% P (at.%), (c) Also contains 0.25% W (at.%) Potential applications for iron aluminides include molten salt systems for chemical air separation, automotive exhaust systems, immersion heaters, heat exchangers, catalytic conversion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... relatively low thermal expansion coefficients compared to the austenitic stainless grades. This makes surface scale of the ferritic stainless grades much less likely to spall during thermal cycling. For these reasons, type 409 stainless steel is often the material of choice for automotive exhaust systems...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... progress, and attendant with an increase in the compound growth rate of stainless steel powders to over 15%, the third automotive application followed in the 1990s: coupling flanges and sensor bosses in car exhaust systems. Requirements, in addition to general and hot exhaust gas corrosion resistance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... 15 to 20% Cr, low carbon, and no nickel. They have a bcc crystal structure and are not heat treatable. They are used for decorative trim, sinks, and automotive exhaust systems. Austenitic Stainless Steels (AUST SS) Austenitic stainless steels (AUST SS) are iron alloys containing between 16...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... that of austenitic alloys. The ferritic stainless steels are the most widely used alloys based on their low cost, which has made them the standard alloys for automotive exhaust systems. Due to concerns about the cost of chromium and its (former) classification as a strategic material, there were efforts to try...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... expanded to the exteriors of refrigerators, stoves, dishwashers, and other appliances ( FIG. 7.12 ). Stainless steels have largely disappeared from auto trim and hubcaps; the main automotive use is now exhaust systems with catalytic converters and fuel injection systems. The chemical, pharmaceutical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... of vascular systems, high-temperature automotive exhaust-treatment honeycomb to capture energy (thermoelectric) while removing waste, and timed drug-delivery devices. Exciting times are ahead in bringing these ideas to fruition. Compositions based on aluminum and titanium are routinely used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... processes and their compatibility with specific materials. The chapter then presents general guidelines for selecting lightweight materials, and concludes with a review of lightweight metals, plastics, and composites used in automotive applications. automotive materials lightweight materials...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... in the formation of an iron-aluminum intermetallic compound that resists oxidation at temperatures up to approximately 800 °C (1500 °F). Aluminized steel is often used where heat resistance is required—for example, in automotive exhaust systems. Hot dip lead coatings are sometimes used on steel...