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automobile body-in-white

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... platelets of ferrite (white) and iron carbide (dark). Source: Ref 7.2 When a steel that contains less than the eutectoid composition of 0.77% C is slowly cooled, ferrite will form before the eutectoid temperature is reached. As the ferrite forms, the austenite becomes enriched in carbon, finally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.9781627083324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
.... Das S. , The Life Cycle Impacts of Aluminum Body-in-White Automotive Material , JOM , Vol 52 ( No. 8 ), Aug 2000 , p 41 – 44 10.1007/s11837-000-0173-2 4. “ Metalcasting Industry Technology Roadmap ,” Cast Metal Coalition , American Foundrymen’s Society, North American Die Casting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... vehicles. It can be seen that 58% of the steel is used in the body and closure subsystems. Specifically, 42% of the steel is used in body-in-white (BIW), followed by 16% for closures applications. This means that the greatest potential for weight savings is in the body structure and closure panels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... is then built using the same joining technique. The floor panels and, in particular, the 1.0 to 1.15 mm thick sheets for the body exterior skin were fixed using other joining techniques including, among others, self-piercing rivets. Finally, the finished body in white is age-hardened at a temperature of 230 °C...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... of the building. They selected a color scheme of black and white with gray ornamentation and a silvery trim. The style would be Art Deco, which was introduced and named for the 1925 Paris Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exposition of Modern Industrial...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
...% maraging steel, 53 HRC 300 100 90 20 5 40 555 (a) 100 is best Fig. 15.4 Adhesive transfer of black housing plastic to white plastic fan Fig. 15.5 Tribosystem schematic showing the origin of the wear problem Fig. 15.6 Severe commutator wear Fig. 15.7...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... 9–20 (62–138) 70–200 White 3.5 C 0.7 Si 0.6 Mn Breaks 20–40 (137–275) 0 15–20 (103–138) 400–600 Malleable 3.4 C 2.5 Si 0.6 Mn 33 (227) 42 (289) 12 25–28 (172–193) 100–200 Ductile 3.4 C 1 P 0.4 Mn 50–70 (344–482) 60–110 (413–758) 5–18 22–25 (151–172) 170–310 Austempered...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the work of a famous stainless steel pioneer, Edward G. Budd. The discussion covers his early years, his automobile body business, the arrival of novel kind of stainless steel in America, Earl Ragsdale's shot weld patent, the world's first stainless...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... primarily from mild steel. The term body-in-white refers to the stage in automobile manufacturing in which the car body sheet metal components have been welded together, but before moving parts (doors, hoods, and deck lids as well as fenders), the motor, chassis subassemblies, or trim (glass, seats...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... pearlite (black) in the ferrite (white); (c) 1080 steel: the microstructure is almost entirely pearlite; (d) hardened 1080 steel: the microstructure is 100% martensite. Fig. 8.6 Railroad track spalling from rolling wear and surface fatigue Fig. 8.7 Three-body abrasion characteristics...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... aggressive. The ASTM G75 slurry erosion test ( Fig. 5.18b ) rubs a white cast iron specimen against a neoprene rubber lap immersed in a test slurry. The test metric is mass loss on the metal test specimen after a prescribed testing sequence in the slurry of interest. The test can yield a Miller number...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... out on aluminum, particularly if aluminum replaces steel in “body-in-white” (structural shell/skin) applications as a means to save weight and improve fuel economy. Limited studies to date indicate the aluminum is much more sensitive to the effects of road debris than a steel body ( Ref 25...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... 57 extravehicular activities (EVAs), or “space walks,” totaling 343 hours, 45 minutes ( Ref 3 ), in the assembly of the ISS ( Fig. 8 ). In comparison, since the first space walk by astronaut Ed White in 1964 until 1998, NASA astronauts had completed a total of 377 hours of space walks. Chemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... a wide range of concentrations and temperatures (including white fuming HNO 3 ), it should not be used in red fuming nitric acid because of the danger of pyrophoric (burning) reactions. Guidelines for minimum water content and maximum NO 2 concentration (NO 2 /NO ratio) for avoiding pyrophoric reactions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... over single-metal body systems in either steel or aluminum. For example, the latest Mercedes CL body-in-white has been constructed by using steel in regions under high load in the frontal and side impact sites, such as the roof pillars and longitudinal and body cross members. Aluminum has been used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... intensity for each pixel is considered to be either white or black, depending on how light or dark the image is. Gray Scale System. Like the binary system, the gray scale vision system assigns digital values to pixels, depending on whether or not certain voltage levels are exceeded. The difference...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... to foods, and titania to make white paint. None of these are really supermaterials. With reportedly 10,000 plastics and an equivalent number of steels as well as thousands of other engineering compositions, one may think that all useful engineering materials already exist. However, powder-binder...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... 2000 Diamond (hardest) 10 10,000 Fig. 4.17 Scratch testing to simulate abrasion; scratch width is the test metric; w, width; P, scratch load Fig. 4.18 Schematic of (a) two-body and (b) three-body abrasion Fig. 4.19 Adhesive transfer to abrasive particles Fig...